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The Effects of a Supervised Exercise Program on Self Efficacy of People Living With HIV/AIDS.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00157170
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : October 21, 2005
Information provided by:

September 9, 2005
September 12, 2005
October 21, 2005
September 2002
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All outcomes measured at baseline, 2 and 6 months.Self-efficacy measured by the General Self-Efficacy(GSE) Scale.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00157170 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Quality of life measured by MOS-HIV Scale. Cardiovascular fitness measured by the Kasch Pulse Recovery Test.
Same as current
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The Effects of a Supervised Exercise Program on Self Efficacy of People Living With HIV/AIDS.
The Effects of a Supervised Exercise Program on Self Efficacy, Quality of Life Status, Cardiovascular Fitness and Hospital Readmission Rates of People Living With HIV/AIDS.
To evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise program (SEP) on self-efficacy,quality of life status and cardiovascular fitness among people with HIV in a 24 week randomised controlled trial.We hypothesised that a combined aerobic and resisted exercise (intervention) would improve these parameters compared to an individual walking program with monthly group forum (control).

With combination antiretroviral therapy, HIV has become a chronic, manageable medical condition. Medication adherence is now a critical determinant of patient outcomes. Quality of life (QOL) rather than just survival has also become an important consideration in HIV management strategies. The role of non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise to enhance self efficacy (which correlates with adherence) and QOL among people with HIV requires formal investigation.

We evaluated the impact of a supervised exercise program (SEP) on self-efficacy among people with HIV in a 24 week, randomised controlled trial of participation in a SEP with combined aerobic and resisted exercise (intervention) versus an individual walking program with monthly group forum (control). QOL and cardiovascular fitness were also evaluated as secondary endpoints. Twenty subjects were enrolled in each arm, and assessments were performed at baseline, 2 month and 6 months, including a Generic Self Efficacy Scale, 1 minute heart rate response post 3 minute step test, and a validated HIV-specific QOL survey.

Self efficacy and cardiovascular fitness improved in the intervention but not the control subjects over the study period (p<0.0001 for both). QOL also improved (8 out of 10 dimensions) in the intervention group but not in controls (0 out of 10 dimensions).

These data support the use of SEP as an important therapeutic intervention for people with HIV, with significant benefits to self efficacy, cardiovascular fitness and QOL over six months. Importantly, these benefits were not achieved through unsupervised exercise over the same period.

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Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Behavioral: supervised exercise
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
May 2005
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Inclusion Criteria:

HIV, aged at least 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • any contraindications to exercise testing and training , severe cognitive impairment
  • inability to follow instructions,
  • regular exercise ( participating in 2 or more structured exercise sessions weekly for more than or equal to 6 months prior to enrolment).
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Bayside Health
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Principal Investigator: Soula Fillipas, BPhysio MPH Bayside Health
Bayside Health
May 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP