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Efficacy and Safety Study of DCB-AD1 in Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00154635
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2005
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Development Center for Biotechnology, Taiwan
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Program Office, National Science & Technology, Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital

September 8, 2005
September 12, 2005
September 12, 2005
September 2005
Not Provided
ADAS-Cog
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • CIBIC-PLUS
  • IADL
  • Behav-AD
  • MMSE
  • CDR
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy and Safety Study of DCB-AD1 in Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of DCB-AD1 in Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of DCB-AD1 in Patients with Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease. Because of the limitation of the sample size we could expect but a positive trend of the efficacy unless the effect size of DCB-AD1 is larger than 0.63. This information will provide us clue if further clinical investigation such as a phase III study should be carried out in an even larger scale. We also should be able to obtain valuable experience on the adverse effect of prolonged (24-week) use of Fo-ti.

The growing number of patients with dementia has become a great concern of many aging societies. Up to this moment no treatment can stop Alzheimer’s dementia (AD), thus, developing new treatments are still mandatory. In this study we will investigate a new drug DCB-AD1, an herbal medicine derived from root of Fo-ti. Historically the Chinese used the Fo-ti root for its rejuvenating properties to treat premature aging, weakness and so on. In DCB (Development Center of Biotechnology)’s preliminary studies using human neuroblastoma cell, SK-N-SH, Fo-ti water extracts exhibited high potential in preventing A-beta and hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death. From two different AD animal models, DCB have observed neuroprotection effects of Fo-ti using water maze and hole-board exploration tests, Though the pharmacological effect of Fo-ti has yet been clarified, its protective effect may result from radical scavenging activities, anti-inflammatory effect or anti-peroxidation. We intend to investigate DCB-AD1 on its cognitive and neurophysiological effects on Alzheimer disease through a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled therapeutic trial for 24 weeks. We will complete 80 eligible cases for analysis in this clinical trial with 40 in each investigation site. The estimated drop-out rate is around 25~30 %. Patients are eligible if they fulfill criteria for a diagnosis of probable AD of NINCDS-ADRDA. We will include patients with Mini-Mental State Examination scores of 12~24 and Clinical Dementia Rating 1 or 2. Patients will be allowed to take cholinesterase inhibitors, donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine or memantine if the dose has been unchanged for the last 3 months before the study entry and remains stable during the 24-week study period.

As for the outcome measures, the primary end point will be the score changes of ADAS-Cog at the end of treatment from the baseline. Secondary end points include CIBIC-PLUS, IADL, Behav-AD, MMSE and CDR.

The statistic analysis will be on both intention-to-treat and completed cases. Because of the limitation of the sample size we would expect but a positive trend of the efficacy unless the effect size of DCB-AD1 is larger than 0.63. This information will provide us clue if further clinical investigation such as a phase III study should be carried out in an even larger scale. We will valuable experience on the adverse effect of prolonged (24-week) use of Fo-ti.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Dementia, Alzheimer Type
Drug: DCB-AD1
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Unknown status
80
Not Provided
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or post menopausal female patients aged ≧50 years old;
  2. The informed consent must be signed by the patient and co-signed by their proxy or principal caregivers before undergoing any study procedures;
  3. Probable Alzheimer’s disease based on the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Alzheimer’s dementia and related disorder (NINCDS-ADRDA)
  4. Patients with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores of 12~24
  5. Patients with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR)in mild (CDR = 1) and moderate (CDR = 2) AD
  6. Cranial computed tomography (CT) or brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must be within the past 12 months;
  7. Patients must be able to complete baseline assessments;
  8. An eligible principal caregiver must be able to accompany the patient to all scheduled visits;
  9. Patients currently taking ChEIs such as donepezil, rivastigmine, or galantamine are allowed if the dose has been unchanged for the last 3 months before the study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with history of severe systemic disease such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarct, progressive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease within the past 1 year;
  2. Patients with hepatic and renal insufficiency (ALT、AST 3 times above normal range; serum creatinine 2 times above normal range), diabetic patients with poor control of blood sugar (HbA1c>8.5) at study entry;
  3. Patients with central nervous system disease other than AD such as cerebral vascular disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, central nervous system infection, and alcoholic encephalopathy;
  4. Patients with concurrent psychosis or mood disorder (Hamilton depression scale score > 17);
  5. Patients diagnosed cancer and treated within the past two years (except for non-invasive skin cancer);
  6. Patients with general medical conditions, which may confound the results of the study, pose additional risk or preclude evaluation and assessments in this study as judged by the investigator;
  7. Patients currently treated with any prohibited medications (listed in Concomitant Treatment section) are not able to fulfill the 2 week-washout period;
  8. Participation in another study within the last 30 days;
  9. Females who are within two years of their menopause unless proved not pregnant (determined by urine test);
  10. Dementia caused by other etiology as indicated by clinically significant abnormal Vit B12, folic acid, or thyroid function tests.
  11. Patients with neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF STS/TPHA;
  12. The neuroimage CT or MRI could not be compatible with the diagnosis of probable AD as stated in the NINCDS criteria;
  13. Patients with a Hachinski score (Appendix 5) above 3 are excluded.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Taiwan
 
 
NCT00154635
931006
NTUH IRB 931006
VGH IRB 93-11-06
DCB-AD1-01-01
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Taiwan University Hospital
  • Development Center for Biotechnology, Taiwan
  • Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
  • Program Office, National Science & Technology, Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Ming-Jang Chiu, MD, PhD NTUH
National Taiwan University Hospital
September 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP