The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00152568
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 9, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

September 8, 2005
September 9, 2005
September 5, 2013
June 2001
September 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Car seat us [ Time Frame: median of 105.5 days ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00152568 on Archive Site
Proper car seat use [ Time Frame: 86.5 days ]
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The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits
The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of checking car seats during pediatric well-child visits on the use and properness of use of car seats for children 0-8 years. We are following up with families when they return for the next pediatric check up to see if they are appropriately using car seats for their children.

The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effectiveness of a car seat inspection at the time of a pediatric visit on the proper use of car seats 4-6 months later.

Motor vehicle-related injury is the leading cause of death of children. Proper restraint in a motor vehicle reduces the risk of fatality in a crash by approximately 70%. However, multiple studies have found approximately 85% of car seats are misused. Urban poor and minority populations have been found to have higher child passenger death rates, and may have lower car seat usage rates than the rest of the population. Child passenger safety (CPS) technicians trained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and certified by the American Automobile Association (AAA) capably check proper car seat usage in "check up" events, and operate recently established "fitting stations." However, we are not aware of an attempt to provide the CPS technical services to families attending a routine checkup with their medical provider.

This project will involve implementing and evaluating a program providing car seat checks at the time of routine pediatric visits at the Friend Family Health Center (FFHC). To determine if the car seat checks improve proper car seat use, children who receive the intervention will have their car seat use reassessed at the time of a scheduled return visit to their medical provider. The frequency of routinely scheduled health maintenance visits is greatest for the youngest children. Opportunities to collect follow up car seat use data therefore will be greatest for the youngest children. This evaluation will focus on 0 year olds. While we will also assess the older children and booster seat use, the sample size calculation for this study was determined for these younger children.

Not Applicable
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior)
At time of well child visit, family receives the services of a certified child passenger safety technician, including assessment, car seat distribution if needed and training.
Experimental: Child Passenger Safety Technician services
Intervention: Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior)
Grossman DC, Garcia CC. Effectiveness of health promotion programs to increase motor vehicle occupant restraint use among young children. Am J Prev Med. 1999 Jan;16(1 Suppl):12-22.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
December 2003
September 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children aged 0-8 years
  • Child's family has a vehicle

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children over 8 years of age
  • Child's family does not have a vehicle
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
up to 8 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Chicago
University of Chicago
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Kyran Quinlan, M.D., M.P.H. University of Chicago
University of Chicago
September 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP