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Safety Study of the Proteasome Inhibitor PR-171 (Carfilzomib for Injection) in Patients With Hematological Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00150462
First received: September 6, 2005
Last updated: October 29, 2015
Last verified: October 2015

September 6, 2005
October 29, 2015
September 2005
October 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Number of Participants With Dose-limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    A DLT was defined as any of the following occurring in the first 28 days of study participation:

    Nonhematologic:

    • > Grade 2 neuropathy with pain
    • ≥ Grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity (excluding nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea)
    • ≥ Grade 3 nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea uncontrolled by maximal antiemetic/antidiarrheal therapy

    Hematologic:

    • Grade 4 neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] < 0.5 × 10ˆ9/L) lasting ≥ 14 days without hematopoietic growth factor support
    • Febrile neutropenia (ANC < 1.0 × 10ˆ9/L with a fever ≥ 38.3°C)
    • Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (platelets < 25.0 × 10ˆ9/L) or thrombocytopenia associated with bleeding.

    Toxicities were graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) version 3.0.

  • Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration of Carfilzomib (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1 at predose, 5, 15, and 30 minutes, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration of Carfilzomib (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1 at predose, 5, 15, and 30 minutes, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area Under the Concentration-time Curve to Last Measureable Timepoint (AUClast) for Carfilzomib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1 at predose, 5, 15, and 30 minutes, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area Under the Concentration-time Curve Extrapolated to Infinity (AUCinf) for Carfilzomib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1 at predose, 5, 15, and 30 minutes, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00150462 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Best Clinical Response to Treatment [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug until 30 days after the last dose. Median duration of treatment was 6.3 weeks in the dose escalation phase and 6.4 weeks in the dose expansion phase. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Disease response criteria for NHL were according to the International Working Group Criteria for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Disease response criteria for Multiple Myeloma were according to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). Disease response criteria for WM were according to the consensus panel recommendations from the Second International Workshop on Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia. The disease response criteria for Hodgkin's Lymphoma are defined as follows:

    • Complete response: total resolution of measurable disease parameters.
    • Partial response: a ≥ 50% resolution without the appearance of new disease.
    • Stable disease: between < 50% resolution and ≤ 25% increases in measurable disease parameters without appearance of new disease.
    • Progressive disease: an increase of > 25% in measurable disease parameters.

    Best clinical response is the best response observed from the start of study treatment until disease progression or death.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug until 30 days after the last dose. Median duration of treatment was 6.3 weeks in the dose escalation phase and 6.4 weeks in the dose expansion phase. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Duration of objective response is defined as the time from the date of first documented assessment of clinical response (confirmed or unconfirmed complete response, partial response, or minimal response) to the date of documented assessment of progressive disease or death, whichever comes first, plus one day. Participants without tumor progression or death were censored at the date of their last valid clinical response assessment.

    Median duration of response was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug until 30 days after the last dose. Median duration of treatment was 6.3 weeks in the dose escalation phase and 6.4 weeks in the dose expansion phase. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Time to progressive disease is defined as the time from the date of Cycle 1, Day 1 of treatment to the date of documented assessment of progressive disease, plus one day. Participants without tumor progression were censored at the date of their last clinical response assessment.

    Median time to progression was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug until 30 days after the last dose. Median duration of treatment was 6.3 weeks in the dose escalation phase and 6.4 weeks in the dose expansion phase. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from the date of Cycle 1, Day 1 of treatment to the date of documented assessment of progressive disease or death, whichever comes first, plus one day. Participants without tumor progression or death were censored at the date of their last valid clinical response assessment. Median progression-free survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Not Provided
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Safety Study of the Proteasome Inhibitor PR-171 (Carfilzomib for Injection) in Patients With Hematological Malignancies
A Phase I Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Escalating Intravenous Doses of the Proteasome Inhibitor PR-171 in Patients With Hematological Malignancies
The purpose of this study is to test the safety and tolerability of carfilzomib at different dose levels on hematological cancers such as multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, or Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Carfilzomib is a proteasome inhibitor, an enzyme responsible for degrading a wide variety of cellular proteins.
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Hodgkin's Disease
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Drug: Carfilzomib
    Administered as an IV bolus dose
    Other Names:
    • PR-171
    • Kyprolis
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    Administered orally prior to carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 1.2 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib (CFZ) 1.2 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 2.4 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 2.4 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 4.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 4.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 6.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 6.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 8.4 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 8.4 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 11.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 11.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 15.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 115.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 20.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 20.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 27.0 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 27.0 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 in 28-day treatment cycles for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 20/27 mg/m²
    Participants received carfilzomib 20 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Cycle 1 Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16, then 27 mg/m² in all subsequent cycles, for up to 12 cycles.
    Intervention: Drug: Carfilzomib
  • Experimental: CFZ 20/27 mg/m² + DEX
    Participants received carfilzomib 20 mg/m² administered by intravenous bolus on Cycle 1 Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16, then 27 mg/m² in all subsequent cycles, for up to 12 cycles. Participants also received 20 mg dexamethasone (DEX) administered before each dose of carfilzomib (i.e. 40 mg weekly).
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Carfilzomib
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
48
October 2009
October 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent in accordance with federal, local, and institutional guidelines
  2. Males and females ≥18 years of age
  3. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the hematologic malignancies below:

    • Multiple myeloma (MM)
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)
    • Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia (WM)
    • Hodgkin's disease (HD)
  4. Subjects who are refractory or relapsed following at least two prior therapies
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2
  6. Adequate cardiovascular function without symptomatic ischemia, conduction abnormalities uncontrolled by conventional intervention, or myocardial infarction in the previous six months
  7. Adequate hepatic function, with bilirubin < 2.0 times the upper limit of normal, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of < 3.0 times the upper limit of normal
  8. Total white blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 2,000/mm³, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/mm³, hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL, and platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³

    • Screening ANC should be independent of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) support for ≥ 1 week and of pegylated G-CSF for ≥ 2 weeks)
    • Subjects receiving supportive care including erythropoietin, darbepoetin and/or bisphosphonates can continue to do so, but must be transfusion independent; subjects receiving erythropoietic support must remain on the same dose for the first 28 days of study participation
  9. An estimated creatinine clearance of ≥ 30 mL/min, calculated using the formula of Cockroft and Gault
  10. Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  11. Uric acid, if elevated, must be corrected to within laboratory normal range prior to dosing
  12. Female subjects of child-bearing potential must agree to use dual methods of contraception and have a negative serum pregnancy test. Male subjects must use an effective barrier method of contraception throughout the study and for three months following the last dose if sexually active with a female of child-bearing potential.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Female subjects who are pregnant or lactating
  2. Subjects who are transfusion dependent
  3. Subjects with NHL or HL who have received steroid therapy in the previous seven days
  4. Subjects with MM or Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia who have received steroid therapy in the previous three weeks, except for MM subjects in the Carfilzomib + DEX Expansion Cohort, where previous treatment with dexamethasone will be allowed. The dose and schedule of administration of dexamethasone will be adjusted to that used in the protocol
  5. Radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy in the previous four weeks, or subjects who, in the judgment of the Investigator, have not recovered from the effects of previous therapy
  6. For the Dose Escalation period, subjects who have received prior radioimmunotherapy with anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)20 monoclonal antibodies such as Bexxar® or Zevalin®; subjects treated with these products will be allowed in the Dose Expansion period
  7. Subjects who have received allogeneic stem cell transplant therapy
  8. Subjects with NHL or HL who have received autologous stem cell transplant therapy and have relapsed within 100 days of therapy
  9. Rituxan therapy within three months before Day 1 unless there is evidence of disease progression
  10. Major surgery within three weeks before Day 1
  11. Congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association class III to IV)
  12. Acute active infection requiring systemic antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within two weeks prior to first dose
  13. Subjects who are known or suspected of having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or who are HIV seropositive
  14. Active hepatitis A, B, or C infection; or positive for Hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) or hepatitis B antigen
  15. Non-hematologic malignancy within the past three years except a) adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, b) carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or c) prostate cancer with stable prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels for three years
  16. Subjects with treatment-related myelodysplastic disorder
  17. Subjects with known brain metastasis (active central nervous system [CNS] disease only)
  18. Serious psychiatric or medical conditions that could interfere with treatment
  19. Participation in an investigational therapeutic study within one month prior to Day 1
  20. Significant neurotoxicity (Grade 2 or higher with pain) at the time of study initiation
  21. Concurrent therapy with approved or investigative anticancer therapeutics
  22. Subjects with previous hypersensitivity to bortezomib injection
  23. Subjects with contraindications to receiving allopurinol
  24. Subjects in whom the required program of oral and intravenous fluid hydration is contraindicated, e.g., due to pre-existing pulmonary, cardiac, or renal impairment
  25. Subjects with known or suspected amyloidosis
  26. Subjects with pleural effusions requiring thoracentesis or ascites requiring paracentesis
Both
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Canada
 
NCT00150462
PX-171-002
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
Not Provided
Study Director: Mai Le, MD Onyx Pharmaceuticals
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
October 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP