Try our beta test site

Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of Leptin for the Treatment of HIV Lipodystrophy and Metabolic Syndrome

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified January 2011 by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by:
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Identifier:
First received: August 30, 2005
Last updated: January 27, 2011
Last verified: January 2011

August 30, 2005
January 27, 2011
December 2001
Not Provided
serum lipid levels
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00140244 on Archive Site
  • insulin resistance (as assessed by the Boost challenge test and Galvin's index)
  • glycemia
  • apolipoprotein levels and LDL particle size
  • FFA levels
  • blood pressure
  • thrombotic factors
  • hormone levels
  • body composition
  • viral load
  • lymphocyte subsets
  • cytokine levels
  • hepatic and abdominal fat content.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of Leptin for the Treatment of HIV Lipodystrophy and Metabolic Syndrome
Role of Leptin in Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)-Induced Lipodystrophy and Metabolic Syndrome in HAART-Treated HIV Patients
The purpose of this study is to examine whether replacing leptin to normal levels can reverse the changes in fat distribution, lipid profile, and other metabolic problems associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-induced lipodystrophy and metabolic syndrome in HIV patients.

Exposure to HIV medications has been associated with metabolic changes including generalized fat depletion (lipoatrophy), high triglyceride levels, and in some patients, high sugar levels or diabetes. This syndrome is associated with a deficiency of leptin, a hormone produced by fat cells. Recent studies involving leptin administration to patients with congenital lipoatrophy have shown dramatic improvements in metabolic parameters such as insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia. Leptin administration to patients with HAART-induced lipoatrophy may also lead to significant improvements in the metabolic abnormalities found in these HIV+ patients. The aims of this study are to examine the effect of leptin administration on insulin resistance and other parameters of the metabolic syndrome in HIV patients with HAART-induced lipoatrophy.

Comparison: Leptin-treated group to placebo-treated group

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HAART-induced Lipodystrophy and Metabolic Syndrome
Drug: r-metHuLeptin
Not Provided
Magkos F, Brennan A, Sweeney L, Kang ES, Doweiko J, Karchmer AW, Mantzoros CS. Leptin replacement improves postprandial glycemia and insulin sensitivity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected lipoatrophic men treated with pioglitazone: a pilot study. Metabolism. 2011 Jul;60(7):1045-9. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2010.10.002.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
July 2003
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 18 years old
  • Documented HIV infection
  • Exposed to at least 6 months of cumulative highly active antiretroviral medications for HIV
  • Developed fat depletion after starting HIV medications
  • Low leptin level in the blood
  • Fasting triglyceride level > 300 mg/dl

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active infectious diseases, except HIV
  • Diabetes prior to starting HIV medications
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Triglyceride level > 1000 mg/dl
  • Significant kidney, liver, or thyroid dysfunction
  • Cancer or lymphoma
  • Pregnancy or planning to become pregnant during the study
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  • Amgen
Not Provided
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
January 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP