- Patients having any major injury (including sports) to the study knee in past 12 months.
- Patients having any surgery to the study joint within the previous 12 months prior to Screening, and surgery to the contralateral knee or other weight-bearing joint if it would interfere with the study assessments.
- Patients having significant surgery of lower limbs (hip, ankle, foot) that may interfere with knee assessments.
- Patients receiving any articular procedures, such as transplants, to the study knee.
- Patients having a ligament reconstruction to the study knee.
- Patients with inflammatory arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or psoriatic arthritis
- Patients with gout or calcium pyrophosphate (pseudogout) diseases that had flared within the previous 6 months prior to Screening.
- Patients receiving any intra-articular or local peri-articular corticosteroid injections to the study joint/knee within the previous 3 months prior to Screening.
- Patients receiving any intra-articular, intra-muscular or local peri-articular corticosteroid injections to any other joint (beside the study joint) or soft tissue area within the past 3 months.
- Patients receiving any oral corticosteroid within the previous month. Steroid inhalants are permitted if the patient has been on a stable regimen for the past month prior to Screening and remains on this regimen throughout the course of the trial.
- Patients receiving an intra-articular hyaluronan in the study joint within the previous 9 months prior to screening.
- Patients receiving an intra-articular hyaluronan in any joint within the previous 6 months prior to screening.
- Patients with a history of allergic reaction to an intra-articular injection or avian products.
- Patients taking unstable doses of glucosamine- or chondroitin sulfate-containing compounds, or patients taking stable dose for less than 4 months prior to Screening, or patients taking stable dose for at least 4 months prior to and unwilling to remain on these stable doses throughout the course of the trial.
- Patients on unstable doses of bisphosphonate or patients on stable doses for the past month prior to Screening, and are unwilling to remain on these stable doses throughout the course of the trial.
- Patients who cannot perform the 50-foot walk test without the support of crutches or other assistive devices, except for canes. If patient uses a cane routinely in daily activities, then they can use it for their clinical assessments. If the patient uses a cane for their Baseline assessment then they must use the cane for ALL subsequent assessments.
- Patients with X-ray findings of acute fractures, severe loss of bone density, avascular necrosis and/or severe bone or joint deformity.
- Patients with significant axial deviation of the knee.
- Patients with OA that is dominantly in the lateral compartment or any significant valgus deformity
- Patients with significant anterior knee pain due to diagnosed isolated patella-femoral syndrome or chondromalacia.
- Patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of either hip, contralateral knee or spine that may interfere with functional assessment of the signal knee.
- Patients with clinically significant medio-lateral and/or anterior-posterior instability.
- Patients with osteonecrosis of either knee.
- Patients that are receiving or performing physical therapy regimen during the previous month from Screening, and/or will not or cannot maintain a stable physical therapy regimen throughout the course of the trial.
- Patients with Kellgren-Lawrence Grade IV OA (i.e., large osteophytes, marked narrowing, severe sclerosis, and definite deformity) and Grade I OA of the knee.
- Patients having any arthrogram of the signal joint within the past 3 months prior to Screening.
- Patients with a hemiparesis of the lower limbs
- Patients with active liver or renal disease based upon liver profile of SGOT > 2 x ULN (upper limit of normal), and/or conjugated bilirubin > 2 x ULN, and/or renal insufficiency (serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL, and/or any clinically significant laboratory value based on clinical history which the investigator feels may affect the evaluation of the patient.
Concomitant conditions, diseases, medications and/or clinical history
- Patients requiring chronic use of analgesia for pain (including pain in the other knee or any other joint) that may interfere with the evaluations of the test knee (such as possible use of rescue medication for these other conditions).
- Patients with known allergies to acetaminophen, lidocaine, hyaluronans, or avian products.
- Patients with a recurrent medical history of severe allergic or immune-mediated reactions.
- Patients with active infection of the skin near the potential injection site.
- Patients with any dermatological disease overlying the signal joint that would contraindicate multiple injections or aspirations.
- Patients taking any agent reported to have symptom relief for arthritis or be a disease/structure modifying drug (e.g. doxycycline, long-term tetracycline, s-adenosylmethionine [SAM], dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO], dietary supplements or any herbal remedy taken for arthritic and joint conditions within the past month. Exceptions are products containing glucosamine/Chondroitin/methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) if stable for 4 months prior to Screening and remain stable throughout study and fulfill the VAS pain entry criteria).
- Patients with peripheral neuropathy that would be severe enough to interfere with the evaluation of the patient.
- Patients with vascular insufficiency of lower limbs that is severe enough to interfere with the evaluation of the patient.
- Patients on concomitant therapy with anticoagulants (low dose aspirin, not exceeding 325 mg per day as an anti-thrombotic agent is permitted if stable for one month prior to Screening and remains stable throughout the study.
- Patients with any inter-current disease(s) or condition(s) that may interfere with the free use and evaluation of the affected knee for the 6 month course of the trial (cancer, other rheumatic diseases, gout, severe congenital defects, etc.).
- Patients with any inter-current chronic disease(s) or condition(s) that may predispose them to a high probability of interfering with the completion of the 6 month follow-up of the study such as peptic ulcer, liver disease, severe coronary disease, renal disease, cancer, pregnancy, alcoholism, drug abuse, mental state, or other clinically significant condition.
- Patients with excessive alcohol consumption or alcoholism that would be contraindicated with the use of acetaminophen.
- Patients with any known current addiction to pain medications.
- Patients that have, in the opinion of the clinical investigator, a clinically significant diagnostic test and/or abnormal laboratory test result(s) that may place the patient at a health risk, impact the study, or affect the patient's ability to complete the study.
- Patients unable to or with any psychiatric illness that would prevent them to legally comprehend the details and nature of the study.
- Patients who in the judgment of the clinician are likely to violate the protocol regulations or unlikely to complete the study for any reason.