Treatment of Preterm Labor With 17 Alpha-hydroxyprogesterone Caproate

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00120640
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (funding)
First Posted : July 18, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 19, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

July 11, 2005
July 18, 2005
September 19, 2012
July 2005
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  • Delivery <37 weeks' gestation
  • Delivery <34 weeks' gestation
  • Delivery <32 weeks' gestation
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00120640 on Archive Site
Neonatal outcomes
Same as current
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Treatment of Preterm Labor With 17 Alpha-hydroxyprogesterone Caproate
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The goal of our research will be to determine the effectiveness of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) in the treatment of preterm delivery. Treatment with progesterone is emerging as the standard of care for prevention of preterm delivery in asymptomatic patients at high risk for preterm birth due to a prior preterm delivery. Our goal is to evaluate whether or not progesterone is also effective in reducing preterm birth in symptomatic patients.

Preterm delivery remains one of the most important issues facing perinatal medicine today. In 1999, prematurity/low birthweight accounted for 4,304 neonatal deaths, reflecting a rate of neonatal mortality due to prematurity of 23.0 per 100,000 live births. Despite the extent of the problem, the exact etiology of preterm delivery is not completely understood. It is clear that many pathways are involved in preterm delivery, and that ultimately these must converge upon one final endpoint, which is likely related to progesterone. In the animal model progesterone withdrawal is clearly directly (rodent, rabbit) or indirectly (sheep) involved in the initiation of parturition, however the exact way in which progesterone works in humans is unclear. There has been a resurgence of interest in the association between progesterone and preterm delivery. Two recent trials have looked at the utility of progesterone in the prevention of preterm delivery in high-risk patients. In a multicenter trial reported in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2003, Meis et al, recruited 463 patients with a history of spontaneous preterm delivery and randomized them in a 2:1 ratio to intramuscular 17-hydroxyprogesterone vs. placebo from 16-20 weeks until 36 weeks. Treatment with 17P significantly reduced the risk of delivery at <37 weeks, <35 weeks, and <32 weeks.

The Yale Progesterone Study is a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the use of 17 hydroxyprogesterone for the treatment of preterm labor. The design is similar to the Meis NEJM trial, except that the patients will be symptomatic with preterm labor, rather than asymptomatic with a history of preterm delivery. In addition to the therapeutic intervention planned, the researchers intend to collect specimens to assess for markers of PTD, both before and after treatment. In this way, the researchers can analyze which pathway of PTD is involved, and finally, the effect of progesterone on these markers can be assessed.

Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Premature Birth
  • Premature Labor
Drug: 17 hydroxyprogesterone caproate intramuscular injections
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in preterm labor as described above.
  • Patients with an accurately dated singleton gestation. Accurate dating is defined as estimated date of delivery (EDD) based on last menstrual period (LMP) dating (280 days after the first day of the LMP) confirmed by an ultrasound done before 20 weeks, which yields an EDD within 10 days of LMP dating. If the LMP is not available, the EDD must be based on 2 ultrasounds performed at least 2 weeks apart, which are concordant within 5 days of the same EDD.
  • Patients with their first presentation of preterm labor will be invited to participate.
  • Patients whose plan of management includes admission to the hospital and administration of antenatal steroids for fetal well being.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Rupture of membranes
  • Major known fetal anomalies
  • Cervical dilation > 4 centimeters
  • Uterine anomalies
  • Cervical cerclage
  • Treatment during this pregnancy with progesterone after 14 weeks' gestation (use up to 14 weeks' gestation is permitted)
  • Previous admission for preterm labor
  • Contraindications to tocolysis, including fetal distress, chorioamnionitis, preeclampsia, hemodynamic instability
  • Coexisting maternal disease including hypertension requiring medical therapy, cancer, seizure disorder, thromboembolic disorders, liver disease. Patients treated with oral beta adrenergics for asthma are also excluded.
  • Age < 18 years
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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United States
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Yale University
Yale University
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Principal Investigator: Anna K Sfakianaki, MD Yale University
Principal Investigator: Edmund F Funai, MD Yale University
Yale University
September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP