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Cocoa Butter for Prevention of Stretch Marks

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00114660
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 17, 2005
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2009
Wellcome Trust
Information provided by:
American University of Beirut Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 16, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 17, 2005
Last Update Posted Date March 6, 2009
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Development of stretch marks
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Cocoa Butter for Prevention of Stretch Marks
Official Title  ICMJE Topical Application of Cocoa Butter for Prevention of Striae Gravidarum
Brief Summary This study will check to see if using cocoa butter lotion on the belly, breasts and thighs will help reduce the appearance of stretch marks in pregnancy. Women entering the study will either receive a lotion containing cocoa butter with vitamin E or a lotion containing only vitamin E. After delivery, the study investigators will evaluate whether the women who used cocoa butter lotion were less likely to develop stretch marks.
Detailed Description

Primigravid women presenting for prenatal care in the first trimester will be recruited to participate in the study. They will be randomly assigned to receive the study lotion (a commercially available lotion containing cocoa butter with viatmin E), a placebo lotion (a lotion containing vitamin E but no cocoa butter). Participants and investigators will be blinded to the lotion assignment.

Women will be asked to apply a thin layer of the lotion to their abdomen, breasts and thighs once daily until the date of delivery. Participants will be recruited as early in their pregnancy as possible but will not be asked to start applying the lotion before 12 weeks of pregnancy. Women presenting after 20 weeks of pregnancy will not be eligible to participate in the study. The cocoa butter and placebo lotions have been made up to look, smell and feel the same and will be provided to the participants in identical containers. Women who have known hypersensitivity to cocoa butter or any of the components of the lotion will be excluded from the study.

Participants will be assessed at study entry for presence of stretch marks. Baseline information will be collected at that time including pre-pregnancy weight, skin type, and history of stretch marks in the mother or siblings. Women will then be followed up monthly by telephone to assess compliance with the regimen and ensure that they are not developing skin reactions.

Participants will be assessed for the development of stretch marks after delivery. Women will also be asked to provide their own assessment of their skin condition in terms of presence/absence of stretch marks and their severity.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Striae Gravidarum
  • Pregnancy
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Cocoa butter application
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Osman H, Usta IM, Rubeiz N, Abu-Rustum R, Charara I, Nassar AH. Cocoa butter lotion for prevention of striae gravidarum: a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled trial. BJOG. 2008 Aug;115(9):1138-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.01796.x.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2006
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primigravid women in first trimester of pregnancy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hypersensitivity of cocoa butter
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Lebanon
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00114660
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE FM.HO.01
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Dr. Fadia Homeidan, American University of Beirut
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE American University of Beirut Medical Center
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Wellcome Trust
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Hibah Osman, MD American University of Beirut Medical Center
PRS Account American University of Beirut Medical Center
Verification Date March 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP