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The Effect of Zoledronic Acid on Bone Density in Liver Transplant Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00114556
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2006
Information provided by:
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 15, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 16, 2005
Last Update Posted Date May 9, 2006
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2000
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
bone density
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
bone turnover markers
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Effect of Zoledronic Acid on Bone Density in Liver Transplant Patients
Official Title  ICMJE The Effect Of The Bisphosphonate, Zoledronic Acid, On Bone Density In Liver Transplant Patients - A Prospective, Randomised, Controlled Clinical Trial
Brief Summary

Following liver transplantation, rapid bone loss occurs, particularly within the first 6 months post-transplant. This may be associated with fractures, most notable vertebral. The ability to assess osteoporosis therapies in this system may provide useful information for osteoporosis management in general.


  1. That treatment with the bisphosphonate, zoledronate, at the time of liver transplantation and at 1 month post-transplantation will prevent the early transplant-related bone loss (measured by bone densitometry and biochemical bone markers at 3 months) seen in patients who are not treated with a bisphosphonate
  2. That continuing treatment with zoledronate at 3 monthly intervals for a total duration of 12 months will result in further improvements in bone density beyond that seen at 3 months
  3. That calcium and vitamin D (vit D) supplementation of liver transplant patients does not prevent marked bone loss following transplantation.
Detailed Description

This study is a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in liver transplant patients comparing therapy with the bisphosphonate, zoledronate, to patients who do not receive bisphosphonate therapy. All groups will receive calcium and vit D supplementation from the time patients are listed for transplantation and for 12 months post-transplantation. Recruited subjects will be 17 years or older (ie adult in terms of consent requirements).

The study groups comprise:

Group 1: Zoledronate plus calcium and vit D supplementation

Zoledronate 4 mg will be administered by intravenous infusion (details below) at baseline (within 72 h of liver transplantation), followed by zoledronate 4 mg infused as outlined below at 1, 3, 6 and 9 months post-transplantation PLUS calcium 600mg daily (Caltrate, one tablet) and ergocalciferol 1000 IU daily (Ostelin, one capsule) for 12 months post-transplantation.

Group 2: Placebo plus calcium and vit D supplementation

Placebo will consist of 50 ml N/Saline infused over 15 minutes as for the zoledronate regime PLUS calcium 600mg daily (Caltrate, one tablet) and ergocalciferol 1000 IU daily (Ostelin, one capsule). Patients with low vitamin D levels (<60 nmol/L) and parathyroid hormone (Pth) levels above normal >6.5 should receive ergocalciferol 5000 U daily.

Zoledronate/Placebo Infusion regime

Zoledronate 4 mg will be infused in 100 ml N/Saline over 15 minutes in patients with a creatinine level <1.5 times the upper limit of the normal range (i.e <165 µmol/L). Patients with renal impairment as indicated by a serum creatinine level >1.5 x ULN will be discussed on an individual basis with the Medical Adviser of Novartis. If zoledronate is to be given, an extended infusion time may be used. Renal toxicity has been reported with rapid infusions (5 min) of 8 mg of zoledronate in patients with pre-existing renal failure. Further pharmacokinetic studies in patients with renal failure are being undertaken by Novartis to clarify this area. Zoledronate infusion should be freshly prepared and administered without delay.

The Hospital Pharmacy will be responsible for providing the infusions (zoledronate reconstituted in N/Saline or N/Saline alone), appropriately masked, for both Groups 1 and 2.

Primary Outcome Measures:

1) Bone Density at 3 months post-transplantation

Maximal loss of bone following transplantation is seen by 3 months. Earlier data on bone loss in liver transplant patients from the RPAH unit demonstrated an average of 24% bone loss by 3 months post-transplantation. Prevention of this effect should provide a precise and early measurement of the effect of zoledronate on transplant-related bone loss. Bone density of the hip, spine, and total body will be measured by dual xray absorptiometry (DEXA) at baseline (not more than 6 months prior to liver transplantation), and 3, 6 and 12 months following liver transplantation.

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  1. Bone Density at 6 and 12 months post-transplantation

    The BMD assessments at 6 and 12 months will assess further changes in bone density between the treated and control groups beyond those assessed at 3 months.

  2. Biochemical Markers of Bone Metabolism

    Biochemical markers of bone formation (osteocalcin and total and bone specific alkaline phosphatase) and bone resorption (urinary collagen cross-links, N-teleopeptide and deoxypyridinoline, as well as serum cross-links, C-teleopeptide) will be assayed in serum/urine collected at baseline, and 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months following liver transplantation.

  3. Fracture Events Fracture incidence in the RPAH patients has been previously reported as 17% in the first 6 months post-transplantation. The fracture rate is now probably lower due to improvements in immunosuppressive therapy. It is not anticipated that this study will have sufficient power to detect a significant reduction in fractures however fracture events will be recorded, including reduction in height of vertebral bodies at baseline and 12 months post-transplantation.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Osteoporosis
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Fractures
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: zoledronic acid
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Greater than 17 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent treatment, or within the past 12 months, with drugs known to affect bone metabolism
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Renal impairment (creatinine >1.5x ULN)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 17 Years to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00114556
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CZOL446 AU02
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Collaborators  ICMJE Novartis
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Geoffrey McCaughan, PhD, MB BS Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
PRS Account Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Verification Date December 2004

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP