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BVAIT: B-Vitamin Atherosclerosis Intervention Trial

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00114400
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2009
Leiner Health Products
Information provided by:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 14, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 15, 2005
Last Update Posted Date December 11, 2009
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
rate of change of distal common carotid artery (CCA) far wall intima-media thickness (IMT)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
  • change in coronary and abdominal aortic calcification
  • neurocognitive change
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE BVAIT: B-Vitamin Atherosclerosis Intervention Trial
Official Title  ICMJE B-Vitamin Atherosclerosis Intervention Trial (BVAIT)
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to examine whether vitamin B supplementation will reduce the progression of early atherosclerosis in individuals over 40 years old and without clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Detailed Description

The primary hypothesis to be tested is that daily vitamin B supplementation reduces progression of early atherosclerosis. Ultrasonography will be used to measure the rate of change in the thickness of the carotid artery and CT will be used to measure coronary and aortic calcium. The beneficial effects of vitamin B supplementation are expected to occur with or without a change in LDL-C levels.

A total of 506 men and women will be randomized to receive either 1) vitamin B supplementation consisting of folic acid 5mg, vitamin B12 0.4mg, and vitamin B6 50mg, or 2) a matching placebo. Participants will receive ultrasonography at baseline and every 6 months for 2.5 to 4.5 years, and CT scan at baseline and end of study (2.5 to 4.5 years).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Atherosclerosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: folic acid
  • Drug: vitamin B12
  • Drug: vitamin B6
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Hodis HN, Mack WJ, Dustin L, Mahrer PR, Azen SP, Detrano R, Selhub J, Alaupovic P, Liu CR, Liu CH, Hwang J, Wilcox AG, Selzer RH; BVAIT Research Group. High-dose B vitamin supplementation and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: a randomized controlled trial. Stroke. 2009 Mar;40(3):730-6. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.526798. Epub 2008 Dec 31.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female (postmenopausal)
  • 40 years or older
  • Fasting plasma homocysteine 8.5 micromoles per liter (µmol/L) or greater

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any clinical signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease (CVD)
  • Diabetes mellitus or fasting serum glucose 140 mg/dL or greater
  • Triglyceride (TG) levels 500mg/dL or greater
  • Serum creatinine greater than 1.6 mg/dL
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure 160 mmHg or greater and/or diastolic blood pressure 100 mmHg or greater)
  • Thyroid disease (untreated)
  • Life threatening disease with prognosis less than 5 years
  • Alcohol intake greater than 5 drinks per day (1 drink = 1 1/2 oz distilled spirits, 4 oz wine, or 12 oz beer) or substance abuse (intravenous drug use, cocaine use)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00114400
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE AG0024
R01AG017160 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Collaborators  ICMJE Leiner Health Products
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Howard N. Hodis, MD University of Southern California, Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine
PRS Account National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Verification Date February 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP