New Onset Weakness in Critically Ill Patients and the Risk of Death and Recurrent ICU Admission

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00106665
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 29, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Naeem Ali, MD, Ohio State University

March 28, 2005
March 29, 2005
January 18, 2016
June 2005
July 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Hospital mortality [ Time Frame: during hospitalization ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00106665 on Archive Site
recurrent respiratory failure [ Time Frame: hospitalization ]
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New Onset Weakness in Critically Ill Patients and the Risk of Death and Recurrent ICU Admission
Intensive Care Unit(ICU)-Acquired Paresis and the Risk for Mortality and Recurrent ICU Admission (Weakness and ICU Readmission Evaluation-WIRE)

This study seeks to define the morbidity of critical care polyneuropathy and to confirm that this diagnosis is, in fact, independently associated with increased mortality. Secondary information regarding the reasons for ICU readmission in patients with weakness may help in formulating cogent discharge strategies for these patients. Measurement of weakness using handgrip strength may provide a useful surrogate marker for weakness that may be more easily and uniformly applied.

Primary hypothesis:

  • The development of ICU-associated weakness is independently associated with excess attributable mortality.

Secondary hypothesis:

  • The development of ICU-associated weakness is associated with an increased need for ICU readmission.
  • Readmission to the ICU will be a result of the development of recurrent respiratory failure or insufficiency
  • Handgrip strength testing will detect ICU-associated weakness with an equivalent sensitivity as the comprehensive bedside muscle strength exam.

Study Overview: This study will enroll patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation to identify the presence of newly acquired weakness in the ICU. Eligible patients are those that require the use of mechanical ventilation for greater than or equal to five days, because this is a significant risk factor for weakness. These patients will be enrolled and followed to detect the true relative mortality between weak and strong patients in the ICU.

To identify patients with relevant and significant weakness, this study identifies weakness in patients who survive and return to a state of normal consciousness. As such these patients, once enrolled, need to be screened daily for awakening. Once awake an assessment of peripheral muscle strength will be performed with a standard bedside neuromuscular exam and handgrip manometry.

Initial Data Collection: After consent, demographic information and risk factors for neuromuscular disease for each patient will be recorded. Blood pressure values and other data regarding the subjects' severity of illness will be collected. Any previous use of medicines during the current hospitalization that are associated with the development of weakness will be collected as well. Also any previous history of other chronic disease known to be associated with weakness (e.g. diabetes, immune system deficiency, end-stage liver disease or kidney disease) will be noted.

Screen for awakening (SA):Once daily the patient will be assessed for awakening using a standard (RASS). When the patient awake and able to follow commands they will be assessed for muscle strength exam.

Medical Research Council Strength Exam:The examiner will perform their exam on the first day that the patient is eligible by RASS screening. This same examiner will return at least twenty hours, but no more than forty-eight hours later to perform a repeat exam. The exam will be based on the Medical Research Council standard exam. Functions assessed:Upper extremity: wrist flexion, arm flexion, shoulder abduction. Lower extremity: ankle dorsiflexion, knee extension and hip flexion. Handgrip assessment: On the same day as the MRC exam the patient will be asked to perform a handgrip maneuver using the Jamar® handgrip manometer.

Clinical outcomes:

Ventilator use, Re-intubation, Recurrent ICU admission, Tracheostomy use, ICU Length of Stay and Hospital LOS

Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Probability Sample
Critically ill patients requireing mechanical ventilation
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Critical Illness
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Ali NA, O'Brien JM Jr, Hoffmann SP, Phillips G, Garland A, Finley JC, Almoosa K, Hejal R, Wolf KM, Lemeshow S, Connors AF Jr, Marsh CB; Midwest Critical Care Consortium. Acquired weakness, handgrip strength, and mortality in critically ill patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Aug 1;178(3):261-8. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200712-1829OC. Epub 2008 May 29.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2007
July 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult (age > or = 18) patients admitted to the Medical ICU
  • Respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation > or = 5 days
  • Reasonable expectation for a subsequent return of mental status

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient's family, physician, or both not in favor of aggressive treatment of patient or presence of an advanced directive to withhold life-sustaining treatment
  • Pregnancy
  • Admitted to ICU from outside hospital
  • New or pre-existing diagnosis causing current neuromuscular weakness
  • Profound and uncorrectable hypokalemia or hypophosphatemia [K < 2.5 or P < 1.0 throughout enrollment window]
  • Inability to assess muscle strength in more than six muscle groups in at least two extremities [Bilateral amputation (BKA or AKA), severe burns, skin lesions or dressings limiting ability of examiner to access and forcibly resist movement of the patients extremities]
  • Inability to communicate or follow commands of the examiner [persistent coma, severe MRDD (mental retardation and developmental disabilities) or continuing necessary medication use that impairs consciousness (i.e. narcotics), non-English speaker]
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical trial involving steroids > 20 mg/day prednisone equivalent for > 3 days, neuromuscular blockade for > 24 hours or any aminoglycosides.
  • Prisoner or other subject where legal surrogate decision maker is in question
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Naeem Ali, MD, Ohio State University
Naeem Ali, MD
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Principal Investigator: Naeem A Ali, MD Ohio State University
Ohio State University
January 2016