Study to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose of LErafAON in Patients With Advanced Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00100672
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 5, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 4, 2011
Information provided by:
INSYS Therapeutics Inc

January 4, 2005
January 5, 2005
July 4, 2011
December 2004
October 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of LErafAON-ETU.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00100672 on Archive Site
  • To determine the pharmacokinetics of raf antisense oligonucleotide after intravenous administration of LErafAON-ETU
  • To determine any anti-tumor effects of LErafAON-ETU.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Study to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose of LErafAON in Patients With Advanced Cancer
Phase I Study of an Easy-to-Use Intravenous Formulation of Liposome Entrapped C-raf Antisense Oligonucleotide (LErafAON-ETU) Administered on a Weekly Schedule in Patients With Advanced Cancer

The primary purpose of this study is to identify a dose of Liposome Entrapped c-raf Antisense Oligonucleotide Easy-to-Use (LErafAON-ETU) which maximizes potential benefits of the compound to patients with advanced cancer, without compromising their safety. This study will also assess the processing of LErafAON-ETU by the body over time. Patients will receive an intravenous infusion of LErafAON-ETU each week. Multiple blood samples will be taken for pharmacokinetic analysis during the first treatment; two samples will be taken during both the second and third treatments. Patients will be eligible to continue treatment until the occurrence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

In LErafAON-ETU, antisense oligonucleotides specific to c-raf, are associated with liposomes, which are microscopic membrane-like structures created from lipids (fats). Raf-1 is a protein which plays a critical role in many aspects of cellular activation and growth. Therefore, it is thought to be an important factor that may support tumor development. LErafAON-ETU potentially limits the ability of a cell to produce the Raf-1 protein.

This Phase I, open-label, dose-escalation study is designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose of LErafAON-ETU in patients who have advanced cancer considered unresponsive to available, conventional modalities or treatments. LErafAON-ETU will be administered as an IV infusion once weekly for 3 consecutive weeks (a Treatment Cycle). A complete pharmacokinetic profile of raf-1 antisense oligonucleotide will be assessed in week 1 only; limited pharmacokinetic sampling will be done prior to and at the end of infusion in weeks 2 and 3 only. Tumor/disease evaluation will be performed upon completion of 6 infusions (2 Cycles). Dose escalation will not occur until the safety and tolerability at a given dose level has been confirmed for 1 Cycle.
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Drug: LErafAON-ETU
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
November 2010
October 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

To be included in this study, patients must meet the following criteria:

  • Be ≥18 years of age.
  • Have advanced (local and/or metastatic) histologically documented cancer not considered responsive to available conventional modalities or treatment (i.e., no life prolonging therapy or therapy with a greater potential for patient benefit is available).
  • Have an ECOG Performance status of 0-1.
  • Have a life expectancy of >12 weeks.
  • Have recovered from acute toxicities of prior treatment: *No treatment with radiotherapy or with cytotoxic or biologic agents within 3 weeks prior to study entry. At least 2 weeks must have elapsed since any prior surgery or granulocyte-stimulating growth factor therapy. Chronic treatment with non-investigational gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists or other hormonal or supportive care is permitted. Concurrent bisphosphonate treatment is permitted if initiated ≥90 days prior to study entry. *Chronic Grade 1 toxicities due to prior treatment or other causes are permitted.
  • Be in adequate condition as evidenced by the following clinical laboratory values:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500/mm³,
    • Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL,
    • Platelets ≥125,000/mm³,
    • PT, aPTT, creatinine, calcium, and total bilirubin ≤the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN),
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 x ULN,
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN
  • Patients (male and female) must be willing to practice an effective method of birth control during the study.
  • Patient must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent form prior to the performance of any study specific procedure.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients are excluded from this study for the following:

  • Active uncontrolled bleeding or bleeding diathesis (e.g., active peptic ulcer disease).
  • Any active infection requiring parenteral or oral antibiotic treatment.
  • Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis virus.
  • Active heart disease including myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months, symptomatic coronary artery disease, arrhythmias currently requiring medication, or congestive heart failure.
  • Known or suspected active central nervous system metastasis (patients stable 8 weeks after completion of treatment for central nervous system metastasis are eligible).
  • Requiring immediate palliative treatment of any kind, including surgery and/or radiotherapy
  • Concurrent anti-tumor therapy (except for chronic hormonal anti-tumor therapy).
  • Treatment with any investigational drug within the 30-day period prior to enrollment in the study.
  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of LErafAON-ETU.
  • Prior treatment with LErafAON (previous sonicated formulation).
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements.
  • Any consideration which in the Investigator's opinion deems the patient an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
INSYS Therapeutics Inc
Not Provided
Not Provided
INSYS Therapeutics Inc
June 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP