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A Study of Effectiveness and Safety of Risperdal CONSTA Added to Usual Treatment in Patients With Bipolar Disorder Who Have Frequent Mood Episodes.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00094926
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2011
Janssen, LP
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 28, 2004
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 29, 2004
Last Update Posted Date May 19, 2011
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 17, 2008)
Efficacy will be determined by measuring the time (in days) from randomization to event/relapse; relapse will be assessed by clinical status, rating scale changes, and pharmacologic stability in double-blind phase. [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 17, 2008)
Safety and tolerability as assessed by adverse event reports (every 2 weeks), scores on movement disorder measures, laboratory parameters, vital signs, ECG measures and physical examination reports (every 2-3 months) [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study of Effectiveness and Safety of Risperdal CONSTA Added to Usual Treatment in Patients With Bipolar Disorder Who Have Frequent Mood Episodes.
Official Title  ICMJE A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of RISPERDAL CONSTA Augmentation in Adult Patients With Frequently-relapsing Bipolar Disorder
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and effectiveness of the long acting injectable form of the atypical antipsychotic Risperidone (Risperdal CONSTA), along with treatment as usual (TAU), in bipolar disorder patients who had more than 4 mood episodes in the past year.
Detailed Description

Frequently-relapsing (more than 4 episodes in the last year) bipolar patients are a sub-group of patients who have multiple mood episodes in spite of treatment. Currently available treatments may have little impact on number and frequency of manic and/or depressed mood episodes and as a result, these patients have higher than average rates of illness and death. This study examines the effectiveness and side effects of risperidone long-acting injections (LAI) added to treatment as usual (TAU) in frequently-relapsing bipolar patients. The study has two main phases. The first phase is open-label (patients and doctors know what medication and dose the patient is receiving- both risperidone LAI and TAU) and lasts 16 weeks. During that time, patients are treated with the goal that they reach "remission", a predefined level of improvement (decrease in number and severity of mood episodes.) Patients who meet remission criteria at the end of the first phase are randomized (like flipping a coin) to either continue receiving the same dose of risperidone LAI plus TAU, or placebo injections plus TAU. Patients continue in the second phase for 52 weeks, during which time the effectiveness is measured by time to "relapse" (worsening of mood symptoms severe enough to require hospitalization or a major change in medication.) Additional effectiveness, safety, and side effect measures are evaluated throughout the length of the study.

Long-acting risperidone injection 25 mg will be administered every two weeks through a gluteal injection for at least one month. Thereafter, the dose may be increased to 37.5mg then to 50 mg based on clinical response and tolerability. Supplemental use of oral Risperdal (1 to 2 mg/day) will be permitted during the first 12 weeks of the Open-Label Stabilization Phase. Patients must be taking a stable dose of risperidone LAI for the 4 weeks immediately prior to entering the Double-Blind Phase.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Bipolar Disorder
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Risperdal Consta
    25, 37.5 or 50mg IM injections every 2wks for 52wks
  • Drug: placebo
    matching placebo IM injections every 2wks for 52wks
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: 001
    Intervention: Drug: Risperdal Consta
  • Placebo Comparator: 002
    Intervention: Drug: placebo
Publications * Macfadden W, Alphs L, Haskins JT, Turner N, Turkoz I, Bossie C, Kujawa M, Mahmoud R. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of maintenance treatment with adjunctive risperidone long-acting therapy in patients with bipolar I disorder who relapse frequently. Bipolar Disord. 2009 Dec;11(8):827-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-5618.2009.00761.x.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 17, 2008)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2007
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must provide informed consent
  • Must agree to receive regular injections
  • Must have current diagnosis of bipolar disorder I or II
  • Must have at least four episodes of mood disorder in the last year that required psychiatric intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female who is or may be pregnant or breastfeeding, who is not at least 1 year postmenopausal, or is not using reliable and adequate birth control
  • Psychiatric diagnosis is due directly to effects of a substance or general medical condition
  • Substance dependence
  • Received treatment with a long-acting injectable antipsychotic less than 2 injection cycles prior to baseline (so, for example, if the drug is injected every 2 weeks, the patient could not enroll in the study if they had received an injection within the last 4 weeks)
  • Received Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) within the last month
  • Began psychotherapy ("talk therapy") within 2 months
  • In the past month was treated with any of these medications: carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, or clozapine
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries United States
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00094926
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CR004693
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Sr Director, Clinical Development Leader, Ortho McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Collaborators  ICMJE Janssen, LP
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
PRS Account Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Verification Date April 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP