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Decitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphomas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00089089
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : August 5, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 4, 2004
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 5, 2004
Last Update Posted Date January 7, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2013)
  • Phase II dose will be defined as the lowest dose at or below the maximum tolerated dose (MTD; based on dose limiting toxicity) consistent with a plateau reduction in DNA methylation in target tumor tissue [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
  • Tumor demethylation response, measured by percent change in DNA methylation using the ALU assay [ Time Frame: Baseline to day 12 course 1 ]
    Analysis of variance with Fisher's protected least significant difference to group dose levels that elicit consistent demethylation response will be used.
  • Adequacy of peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA methylation as a surrogate for tumor DNA methylation, measured by effect of dose on reduction in DNA methylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [ Time Frame: Day 12 course 1 ]
  • Pharmacokinetic parameters, including Cmax, Tmax, AUC, t ½ α, t ½ β, Vd, and clearance [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 5 of course 1 ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2013)
Response using RECIST [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Decitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphomas
Official Title  ICMJE Phase I Study of Prolonged Low Dose Decitabine (5-Aza-Deoxycytidine, NSC #127716) in Patients With Biopsiable Advanced Cancers Refractory to Standard Therapy
Brief Summary This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of decitabine in treating patients with metastatic or unresectable refractory solid tumors or lymphomas. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of single agent decitabine and its toxicity using this schedule in this population of patients with solid tumors or lymphomas.

II. Definition of the dose at which tumor DNA demethylation is optimum. III. Definition of the dose at which peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMN) demethylation is optimal.

IV. Definition of decitabine pharmacokinetics and correlation of plasma concentrations with hypomethylation effects.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Preliminary assessment of decitabine efficacy (objective response).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 or on days 1-5 and 8-12. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of decitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Hematopoietic/Lymphoid Cancer
  • Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: decitabine
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 5-aza-dCyd
    • 5AZA
    • DAC
  • Other: pharmacological study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: pharmacological studies
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Treatment (decitabine)

Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 or on days 1-5 and 8-12. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of decitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Interventions:
  • Drug: decitabine
  • Other: pharmacological study
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2013)
42
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy (solid tumor or lymphoma) that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Patients must have had >= 1 prior chemotherapy regimen; there is no maximum allowable number of prior regimens, provided all other eligibility criteria are met
  • Patients must be >= 6 weeks beyond treatment with a nitrosourea or mitomycin-C, >= 4 weeks beyond other chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and must have recovered to =< grade 1 toxicity for any treatment-limiting toxicity of prior therapy; (Exception: patients may have received palliative low dose radiotherapy to the limbs 1-4 weeks before this therapy, provided pelvis, ribs, sternum, scapulae, vertebrae or skull were not included in the radiotherapy field)
  • ECOG performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%); (Exception: Patients with brain metastases must be ECOG performance status 0-1)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/μL
  • Platelets >= 140,000/μL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.0 mg/dL
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine (serum) =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • PT within institutional guideline for biopsy procedure (=< to 16 seconds)
  • The effects of decitabine on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because chemotherapy agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document, including consent for the required tumor biopsy, blood and pharmacokinetics studies
  • Tumor accessible for repeat biopsy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered to =< grade 1 treatment-limiting toxicity levels for adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; (Exception: patients may have received palliative low dose radiotherapy to the limbs 1-4 weeks before this therapy provided pelvis, ribs, sternum, scapulae, vertebrae or skull were not included in the radiotherapy field)
  • Patients who have had surgery within 2 weeks prior to entering the study
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases to whom any of the following apply:

    • Have not received prior cranial irradiation
    • Are requiring > 8 mg dexamethasone per day (or equivalent other steroid) to maintain an ECOG performance status =< 1
    • Have had a seizure (focal or generalized) in the last 3 weeks
    • If steroids required to maintain an ECOG performance status =< 1 have increased in the past 2 weeks
    • Take enzyme-inducing anti-convulsants
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to decitabine
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmia, systolic BP < 90 mmHg or > 160 mmHg, diastolic BP < 50 mmHg or > 110 mmHg, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because decitabine is an antimetabolite with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with decitabine, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with decitabine
  • Because patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, patients known to be HIV-positive and receiving anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with decitabine
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00089089
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NCI-2012-03096
2004-0040
U01CA062461 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: David Stewart M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP