Rituximab, Combination Chemotherapy, and 90-Yttrium Ibritumomab Tiuxetan for Patients With Stage I or II Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00088881
First received: August 4, 2004
Last updated: February 17, 2015
Last verified: February 2015

August 4, 2004
February 17, 2015
December 2004
March 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Complete Response (CR) +Complete Response/Uncertain (CRu) in Patients Treated With R-CHOP Followed by 90-Yttrium -Zevalin™. [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of R-CHOP, after completion of R-CHOP, and at Week 12 After 90-Yttrium Zevalin ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response was assessed based upon the criteria from the International Workshop to Standardize Criteria for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Cheson, 1999). CR is defined as complete disappearance of all detectable clinical and radiographic evidence of disease and disappearance of all disease related B-symptoms if present prior to therapy, as well as normalization (normal limits of institutional labs) of those biochemical abnormalities (e.g., LDH) definitely attributed to NHL. CRu is defined as meeting the criteria of CR except one or more of the followings: A residual dominant node (or extra-nodal mass) that is currently > 1.5 cm in greatest diameter that has decreased by > 75% from baseline in the product of its diameters. Individual dominant nodes (or extra-nodal masses) that were previously confluent must have decreased by > 75% in SPD compared with the size of the original mass. Indeterminate bone marrow (increased number or size of aggregates without cytologic or architectural atypia).
  • Functional CR in Patients Treated With R-CHOP Followed by 90-Yttrium -Zevalin™. [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of R-CHOP, after completion of R-CHOP, and at Week 12 After 90-Yttrium Zevalin ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients will be considered a functional CR if they meet the criteria for a CR, or if they meet the criteria for a CRu or partial response (PR) by CT and are PET negative. Please see primary outcome #1 for the definition of CR and CRu. PR is defined as: A decrease of >50% in the SPD (sum of products of the diameters) of the six largest (or less) dominant nodes or extra-nodal masses. No increase in the size of the liver or the spleen. No unequivocal progression in any non-measurable or non-dominant site. Splenic and hepatic nodules must regress by >50% in SPD (sum of the products of the diameters). Bone marrow assessment is not relevant for determination of a PR because it is assessable and not measurable disease. No new sites of disease.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00088881 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • 3-year Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) Rate [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for one year; every 4 months for the second year; then every 6 months for 3 years; then annually to 10 years from patient entry. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to treatment failure (TTF) is defined as the time from step 1 registration to disease progression or death. TTF is censored at last documented progression free for cases without progression. The 3-year TTF rate is defined as the probability of patients remaining free from treatment failure at 3 years.
  • 3-year Overall Survival (OS) Rate [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years; then annually to 10 years from patient entry. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as the time from step 1 registration to death of any cause. OS is censored at the date last known alive for cases that are alive. The 3-year OS rate is defined as the probability of patients remaining alive at 3 years.
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Rituximab, Combination Chemotherapy, and 90-Yttrium Ibritumomab Tiuxetan for Patients With Stage I or II Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
A Phase II Trial of R-CHOP Followed by Zevalin Radioimmunotherapy for Patients With Previously Untreated Stages I and II CD20+ Diffuse Large Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
This phase II trial is studying how well giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy and 90-Yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan works in treating patients with stage I or stage II lymphoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as prednisone, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab and yttrium 90-Yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver radioactive cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining a monoclonal antibody with combination chemotherapy and a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody may kill more cancer cells.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the complete response rate (CR) and functional CR rate in patients with previously untreated stage I (with at least 1 risk factor) or stage II CD20+ diffuse large cell lymphoma who receive therapy with R-CHOP followed by 90-Yttrium -Zevalin™.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the time to treatment failure, duration of response, and overall survival in these patients who receive therapy with R-CHOP followed by 90-Yttrium -Zevalin™.

II. To evaluate the toxicity of this therapy. III. To evaluate the toxicity of adding involved field radiation therapy > 12 weeks after Zevalin™ for patients with CT+/PET+ residual masses.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate PET scans pre -and post - R-CHOP/Zevalin™ therapy.

OUTLINE:

R-CHOP (rituximab, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin,vincristine): Patients receive oral prednisone once daily on days 1-5. Patients also receive rituximab IV over several hours followed by cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin IV, and vincristine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response (CR) after 2 courses receive 2 additional courses. Patients achieving a partial response, uncertain CR, or stable disease receive 4 additional courses. Patients are evaluated 3 weeks after the last course of therapy. Patients with progressive disease go off study.

Radioimmunotherapy: Beginning no more than 9 weeks after the reevaluation (or 12 weeks after the last dose of R-CHOP), patients receive rituximab IV on day 1 followed by indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes for imaging studies. Patients then receive rituximab IV followed by yttrium 90-Yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes on day 8.

Radiotherapy: Patients with residual disease by CT scan or positron emission tomography (PET) scan after 12 weeks after radioimmunotherapy undergo conventional involved-field radiotherapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually for 5 years.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue
  • Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma
  • Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
  • Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Testicular Lymphoma
  • Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
  • Biological: rituximab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • IDEC-C2B8
    • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
    • Mabthera
    • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
    • Rituxan
  • Drug: prednisone
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • DeCortin
    • Deltra
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • CPM
    • CTX
    • Cytoxan
    • Endoxan
    • Endoxana
  • Drug: doxorubicin
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • ADM
    • ADR
    • Adria
    • Adriamycin PFS
    • Adriamycin RDF
  • Drug: vincristine
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • leurocristine sulfate
    • VCR
    • Vincasar PFS
  • Radiation: indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan
    Given IV
    Other Name: IDEC-In2B8
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    Undergo radiotherapy
    Other Names:
    • irradiation
    • radiotherapy
    • therapy, radiation
  • Procedure: positron emission tomography
    Undergo PET scans
    Other Names:
    • FDG-PET
    • PET
    • PET scan
    • tomography, emission computed
Experimental: Treatment

R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisone): Patients receive R-CHOP every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response after 2 courses receive 2 additional courses. Patients achieving a partial response, uncertain CR, or stable disease receive 4 additional courses. Patients with progressive disease go off study.

Zevalin™Radioimmunotherapy: Beginning no more than 9 weeks after the last course of R-CHOP, patients receive rituximab IV on day 1 followed by indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes for imaging studies. Patients then receive rituximab IV followed by yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes on day 8.

Radiation therapy: Patients with residual disease by CT scan or positron emission tomography (PET) scan after 12 weeks after radioimmunotherapy undergo conventional involved-field radiotherapy.

Interventions:
  • Biological: rituximab
  • Drug: prednisone
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: doxorubicin
  • Drug: vincristine
  • Radiation: indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
  • Procedure: positron emission tomography
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
62
March 2011
March 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of diffuse large cell lymphoma
  • Patients must be stage I or II (Modified Ann Arbor staging)
  • Baseline measurements and evaluations must be obtained within 4 weeks of registration to the study; abnormal PET scans will not constitute evaluable disease unless verified by CT scan or other appropriate imaging; patients must have at least one objective measurable disease parameter (a lesion with at least 1 dimension > 1.5 cm); or if they are stage 1
  • Stage I patients must have at least one of the following risk factors:

    • Age >= 60 years
    • Bulky disease (>= 5 cm in at least one dimension)
    • Elevated Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) above institutional upper limit of normal
    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status = 2
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3 (includes neutrophils and bands)
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl
  • Total bilirubin < 2 mg/dl (may be up to 3.0 mg/dl if due to liver involvement by lymphoma); patients with elevated total bilirubin should have a direct bilirubin checked; if the direct bilirubin is normal there is no need for a dose reduction
  • Patients must have left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of > 45%
  • Patients must be tested for hepatitis B (HBV) surface antigen within 2 weeks of registration

    • NOTE: Patients who test positive will be allowed to participate but must be followed closely for clinical and laboratory signs of active HBV infection and for signs of hepatitis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, radioimmunotherapy, or immunotherapy; a short course (=< 14 days prior to registration) of corticosteroids is allowed
  • Evidence of other malignancy:

    • Prior chemotherapy or prior radiation therapy for other malignancies
    • Currently receiving hormone therapy or chemotherapy for another malignancy even if the treatment is being provided in the adjuvant treatment setting, i.e. with no evidence of the original other malignancy
    • Adjuvant hormonal therapy must have been discontinued > 3 months before entering this study
    • Patients are eligible if they meet the following conditions: (a) treated carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; (b) treated squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer; or (c) any other surgically cured malignancy from which the patient has been disease free for at least 3 years
  • Pregnant or breast feeding, as there would be radiation exposure to the fetus or child; a negative pregnancy test is required =< 1 week prior to registration for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP). Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Known central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, testicular lymphoma, or vitreous lymphoma
  • Known HIV infection. The safety of Zevalin™ in this population has not been tested at this time
  • Serious coexisting medical condition or active infection which would compromise the ability to deliver standard R-CHOP chemotherapy
  • Evidence of myelodysplasia on bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
Both
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00088881
NCI-2012-02957, E3402, U10CA021115
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Thomas Witzig Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
February 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP