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Treatment of Abnormal Adipose Tissue Accumulation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00082628
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 17, 2004
Results First Posted : July 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
EMD Serono

May 13, 2004
May 17, 2004
October 2, 2017
July 20, 2018
July 20, 2018
May 28, 2004
September 28, 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Treatment Period I: Change From Baseline in Absolute Area of Visceral Adipose Tissue (VAT) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
Absolute area of VAT was measured by cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) scan at the level of the L4-5 inter-vertebral disk. CT scanning was to be used to assess the cross sectional area of abdominal fat and its distribution between the visceral and subcutaneous compartments, as measured at L4-L5.
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00082628 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Treatment Period I: Change From Baseline in Trunk Fat at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Changes in trunk fat was measured as changes in mass (kg) on Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Scan.
  • Change From Baseline in Patient Reported Outcome of Body Image Distress at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Body image distress was assessed on a scale ranging from 0 to 100, where 0 = Extremely Upsetting and 100 = Extremely Encouraging.
  • Treatment Period I: Change From Baseline in Non- High-density Lipoprotein (Non-HDL) Cholesterol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Lipid profile data was analyzed for Non-HDL Cholesterol.
  • Treatment Period II: Failure Rate at Week 36 Based on Visceral Adipose Tissue (VAT) For Subjects Who Received Serostim® 4 mg in Period I [ Time Frame: Week 36 ]
    Failure rate based on VAT was assessed by CT scan at L4-L5. The failure rate was defined as the percentage of subjects who regained >50% of their VAT lost in Treatment Period I. This outcome was to be assessed for subjects who received Serostim® 4 mg in Period I.
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Treatment of Abnormal Adipose Tissue Accumulation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients
A Phase III, Multi-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Serostim®, r-hGH in the Treatment and Maintenance of Human Immunodeficiency HIV-Associated Adipose Redistribution Syndrome, or HARS
The primary objective of the study is to determine if Serostim® 4 mg administered daily for 12 weeks as treatment for the abnormal fat accumulation and distribution associated with HIV-associated Adipose Redistribution Syndrome (HARS) reduces Visceral Adipose Tissue (VAT, measured by CT scan) more effectively than placebo.
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Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HIV Infections
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo matched to serostim® as subcutaneous injection.
  • Drug: Serostim® 4 mg
    Serostim® as subcutaneous injection at a maximum dose of 4 milligram (mg) per day based on body weight.
    Other Name: recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH)
  • Drug: Serostim® 2 mg
    Serostim® 2 mg as subcutaneous injection on alternate days.
    Other Name: recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH)
  • Placebo Comparator: Period I: Placebo
    Subjects will receive placebo matched to serostim® as subcutaneous injection daily for a period of 12 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Period I: Serostim® 4 mg
    Subjects will receive Serostim® as subcutaneous injection at a maximum dose of 4 milligram (mg) per day based on body weight for a period of 12 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Serostim® 4 mg
  • Experimental: Period II: Serostim® 4 mg to Placebo
    All subjects who will be initially randomized to Serostim® 4 mg arm in Period I and will receive placebo matched to Serostim® on alternate days for 24 weeks in Period II.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Period II: Serostim® 4 mg to Serostim® 2 mg
    All subjects who will be initially randomized to Serostim® 4 mg arm in Period I and will receive Serostim® 2 mg on alternate days for 24 weeks in Period II.
    Intervention: Drug: Serostim® 2 mg
  • Experimental: Period II: Placebo to Placebo/Serostim® 4 mg
    All subjects who will be initially randomized to Placebo arm in Period I continue receiving placebo matched to Serostim® on alternate days for 12 weeks followed by Serostim® 4 mg daily 12 weeks.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Placebo
    • Drug: Serostim® 4 mg
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
326
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September 28, 2005
September 28, 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Have written laboratory documentation of an HIV infection by one of the following methods:

    • Detectable viral load measured by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, branched chain DNA (bDNA) signal amplification or the presence of p24 antigen.
    • Presence of HIV antibodies confirmed by either Western blot or immunofluorescence assay.

    Written laboratory documentation of an HIV infection must be obtained prior to randomization. In the absence of documented historical confirmation, an assay of HIV antibodies will be included in the Screening Laboratory Panel. Results will be confirmed with a Western Blot.

  2. Have evidence of excess abdominal adipose deposition when measured by the anthropometric methodology, using the following cut off values:

    • Men: Waist circumference >88.2 cm AND waist: hip ratio >= 0.95.
    • Women: Waist circumference >75.3 cm AND waist: hip ratio >= 0.9.
  3. Are taking antiretroviral medication(s) which is (are) approved or is (are) available under a Treatment IND. The regimen must have remained stable for 30 days prior to study entry. Subjects must also agree not to discontinue or to change their regimen for the duration of the study except as judged medically necessary.
  4. Have parameter values less than the following limits (using results from the central laboratory):

    • AST, ALT, and amylase <= 3 times the upper limit of normal (Screening).
    • Fasting triglycerides <= 1,000 mg/dL (Screening).
    • Fasting glucose <110 mg/dL (Screening).
    • Two-hour (120 minute) glucose <140 mg/dL (Screening).
  5. Weight >= 36 kg (79.3 lb)
  6. Be between 18 and 60 years of age (inclusive) unless local law dictates different limits.
  7. Sufficiently literate in English to be able to comprehend and complete the Quality of Life Questionnaire.
  8. Willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study.
  9. Have voluntarily provided written informed consent (with subject authorization under HIPAA), prior to performing any study-related procedure that is not part of normal medical care, and with the understanding that the subject may withdraw consent at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  10. Female subjects must:

    1. Be post menopausal (>= 1 year) or surgically sterilized (i.e., have undergone tubal ligation or hysterectomy)

      or

    2. Use a contraceptive method for the duration of the study such as:

      • Hormonal contraceptive
      • Intra uterine device
      • Diaphragm with spermicide, or condom with spermicide.

      And

    3. Must be neither pregnant nor breast feeding.
    4. Confirmation that female subjects of childbearing potential are not pregnant must be established by a negative beta-hCG serum pregnancy test during the 14-day screening period prior to Study Day 1. If the beta-hCG serum pregnancy test is performed more than 7 days prior to Study Day 1, a urine pregnancy test must be performed by the site laboratory on Study Day 1 to confirm a negative test result.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Have an active AIDS-defining opportunistic complication (OC) as defined by the CDC or have had an untreated or suspected serious systemic infection, or have had a persistent fever >= 101°F (38.3°C) during the 30 days prior to study entry.
  2. Any active or past history of malignancy, except for localized cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma (fewer than 10 lesions, none of which are larger than 2 cm, and not on active therapy). Such exceptions must be confirmed in writing by the Serono Study Director.
  3. Have a CNS mass or active CNS process associated with neurological findings.
  4. Have unstable or untreated hypertension, defined as >= 140/90 mm Hg at the time of the Screening Visit, and/or have initiated or changed antihypertensive therapy in the 30 days prior to Study Day 1.
  5. Have an acute critical illness treated in an intensive care unit, e.g., due to complications following open heart or abdominal surgery, multiple accidental trauma, or acute respiratory failure.
  6. Have a recent history of sleep apnea or intermittent upper respiratory obstruction.
  7. Have any condition, which interferes with informed consent or protocol compliance including, but not limited to, active substance abuse and/or dementia.
  8. Are unable to comply with the Concomitant Therapy restrictions including:

    • therapy for obesity including therapy with anorexigenic or fat reducing drugs
    • anti-diabetic or insulin sensitizing medications
    • systemic glucocorticoids
    • systemic chemotherapy, interferon or radiation therapy treatment
    • androgenic agents including, but not limited to testosterone, nandrolone, oxandrolone, oxymetholone, etc. (testosterone replacement therapy for hypogonadism is the exception to this exclusion and will be allowed if started > 30 days prior to Study Day 1)
    • progestational agents, unless used for oral contraception or post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy
    • appetite stimulants
    • investigational agents, unless approved in advance by the study medical director. Specifically, experimental antiretroviral agents are disallowed, unless available under a treatment IND or expanded access program (30 days).
    • Liposuction or other elective plastic surgery
    • AIDS wasting therapy or prior growth hormone treatment other than study drug (for 12 months prior to the screening visit)
  9. Have ever been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:

    • Pancreatitis
    • Carpal tunnel syndrome (unless resolved by surgical release)
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Angina pectoris
    • Coronary artery disease
    • Any disorder associated with moderate to severe edema (e.g., ascites, nephrotic syndrome, congestive heart failure, lymphedema).
  10. Allergy or hypersensitivity to growth hormone.
  11. Are participating in any other clinical studies.

In order to participate in this trial a subject must meet all of the inclusion and exclusion criteria specified above. Requests for protocol exceptions/exemptions must come from a participating, fully initiated site at which a prospective patient has consented to undergo screening. Exceptions/exemptions are only allowed by the Trial Director. There is no program in place to allow drug for a single patient IND, or for an expanded access protocol. This statement holds true for both children and adults.

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada,   United States
 
 
NCT00082628
24380
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EMD Serono
EMD Serono
Not Provided
Study Director: Medical Responsible EMD Serono Inc., a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
EMD Serono
September 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP