Leukapheresis for Research on HCV-Coinfected Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00076427
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2004
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

January 21, 2004
January 22, 2004
October 6, 2017
January 14, 2004
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00076427 on Archive Site
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Leukapheresis for Research on HCV-Coinfected Patients
Evaluation of Clinical, Virologic and Immunologic Factors That Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Chronic Hepatitis C and Its Complications

This study will collect quantities of white blood cells from patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) for research on the interactions between HCV and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in people infected with both of these agents. Several studies have shown that infection with HIV adversely affects liver disease due to HCV.

Patients 18 years of age and older who are infected with both HCV and HIV or with HCV alone may be eligible for this study. Candidates must not have liver failure and must not be undergoing treatment for HCV at the time of enrollment.

Participants will undergo leukapheresis to collect white blood cells. This procedure allows collection of larger numbers of cells than would be possible with simple blood drawing. For the procedure, blood is removed through a needle in the vein of one arm and spun in a machine that separates the blood into its components. The white cells are extracted and the rest of the blood is re-infused through the same needle or through a needle in the other arm. The procedure takes approximately 1-3 hours, depending on the amount of white cells being collected. A maximum of three leukapheresis procedures are done. If additional procedures are required, the patient will sign a new consent form. Procedures will be limited to no more than three times a year, or once every 4 months.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Hepatitis B (HBV) infection are known to cause morbidity and mortality especially among those who are coinfected with Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HCV infected individuals who are also coinfected with HIV have more rapid progression of liver disease, abnormal diagnostic serologies, higher levels of HCV viremia, and markedly lower levels of therapeutic responses to the standard combination therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin.

The underlying immunopathogenesis of HCV and HBV infection, progression of liver disease, and interactions with HIV are not yet clearly understood. A clear understanding of the immune correlates of protection against HCV and HBV are important in development of a vaccine for HCV and novel immune-based therapeutics for the cure of HBV.

This study will recruit individuals who are coinfected with HIV and HCV and/or HBV as well as those who are monoinfected with HCV or HBV. The study will enroll 2 groups. Participants in the first group (hereafter referred to as Group 1) will consist of participants recruited for research and clinical related blood draws, leukapheresis, and liver biopsies for long term study participation. Participants in the second group (hereafter referred to as Group 2) will consist of participants with known or suspected HCV and/or HBV who need assistance with diagnosis or treatment.

Participants in Group 1 will be apheresed or undergo blood draw several times after enrollment and may be followed for up to 10 years. Participants in Group 2 will be evaluated for HBV and/or HCV infection or complications, or receive treatment. The expectation is that may be followed for one year.

Leukapheresis is used in Group 1 in order to obtain sufficient cells to pursue the following objectives: delineating B cell response to CD4+ T cell help, delineating CD8+ T factors associated with suppression of viral replication and normalization of immune function, characterizing natural killer function relative to HCV and/or HBV disease, and identifying biomarkers for progression of liver disease. The required number of mononuclear cells needed to perform these experiments can be easily and safely obtained using leukapheresis procedures in the Clinical Center Apheresis Unit. Participants who do not meet apheresis criteria may participate through routine blood draws to contribute to this research. All participants in Group 1 may also receive a liver biopsy at NIH (every 3 years for HIV/HCV coinfected and all HBV infected and every 5 years for HCV monoinfected subjects) to assess the progression of liver disease.

Treatment plans for Group 2 HBV and/or HCV will be in accordance with standard medical practice, and the number and length of additional visits and diagnostic evaluations will vary accordingly.

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  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV Infections
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 9, 2015
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  • Adult (18 years old or older)
  • Either monoinfected with HCV or coinfected with HCV and HIV
  • Willingness to give informed consent.
  • Willing to undergo genetic testing
  • Willing to have samples stored for future research.
  • Must have a referring physician or clinic that will continue to provide medical care.

Note: An HCV/HIV coinfected individual is defined as any individual with all the following: 1) Positive ELISA and western blot test for HIV, and 2) Positive serology and/or positive HCV RNA test; An HCV monoinfected individual is defined as any individual with all of the following: 1) Positive serology and/or positive HCV RNA test, and 2) Negative ELISA test for HIV


-Must be willing and able to make follow up visits for leukapheresis and blood draws at least once in the next 6 months


-Must be referred by a physician for the purposes of confirming HCV diagnosis, complications from HCV, or standard HCV treatment management.


Have any other condition, which the investigator considers a contraindication to study participation.


  • Evidence of liver failure on liver biopsy, abdominal ultrasound, or liver function blood tests
  • Receiving HCV therapy at the time of enrollment
  • Platelet count < 50,00 per mL
  • Hematocrit < 28 percent.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Colleen M Hadigan, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
June 9, 2015