COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Study of Levalbuterol, Racemic Albuterol and Placebo in Subjects Twelve Years of Age and Older With Asthma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00073840
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2003
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 9, 2003
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 11, 2003
Last Update Posted Date February 22, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2007)
FEV1 (peak percent change from pre-dose averaged over the double-blind period). [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2007)
--FEV1 [area under the % change from pre-dose FEV1 curve] and FEV1 [area under the % change from study baseline FEV1 curve] [ Time Frame: 9 weeks ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study of Levalbuterol, Racemic Albuterol and Placebo in Subjects Twelve Years of Age and Older With Asthma
Official Title  ICMJE An Efficacy and Safety Study of Levalbuterol, Racemic Albuterol and Placebo in Subjects Twelve Years of Age and Older With Asthma
Brief Summary The primary objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of levalbuterol 90 ug (2 actuations, 45 ug each) versus placebo (2 actuations) in the treatment and prevention of bronchoconstriction in adolescent and adult subjects with asthma, with all treatments administered 4 times a day (QID).
Detailed Description A double-blind, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group trial of levalbuterol in subjects 12 years of age and older with asthma. Study participation will include one 1-week single-blind placebo run-in and an 8-week, randomized,double-blind, active-treatment period with four treatment groups. This study was previously posted by Sepracor Inc. In October 2009, Sepracor Inc. was acquired by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma., and in October 2010, Sepracor Inc's name was changed to Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Asthma
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: levalbuterol
  • Levalbuterol 90 ųg QID (manufacturing sites A or B);
  • Racemic Albuterol 180 ųg QID;
  • Placebo QID
Other Name: Xopenex HFA (levalbuterol tartrate)Inhalation Aerosol
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: I
    Levalbuterol 90 ųg QID (manufacturing site A or B)
    Intervention: Drug: levalbuterol
  • Active Comparator: II
    Racemic Albuterol 180 ųg QID
    Intervention: Drug: levalbuterol
  • Placebo Comparator: III
    Placebo QID
    Intervention: Drug: levalbuterol
Publications * Duan QL, Gaume BR, Hawkins GA, Himes BE, Bleecker ER, Klanderman B, Irvin CG, Peters SP, Meyers DA, Hanrahan JP, Lima JJ, Litonjua AA, Tantisira KG, Liggett SB. Regulatory haplotypes in ARG1 are associated with altered bronchodilator response. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Feb 15;183(4):449-54. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201005-0758OC. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

  • Must give written informed consent (IC) prior to participation in the study. For subjects 12 - 17 years of age, the IC must be signed parent or legal guardian. Females must sign the Women of Childbearing Potential Addendum
  • Be willing and able to comply with the study procedures and visit schedules
  • Male or female, at least 12 years of age
  • Females 12-60 years of age must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Visit 1 (V1)
  • Women of child bearing potential must be using an acceptable method of birth control
  • Must have a documented diagnosis of asthma for a min. of 6 mos. prior to V1
  • At V1, the subject must demonstrate a baseline FEV1 within >45% and <75% of predicted for their height, age, gender, and race
  • Following abstention from medications used to treat asthma, subject must demonstrate >12% reversibility of airflow obstruction within 15-30 min. following inhalation of 180 µg (2 actuations, 90 µg ea.) of racemic albuterol MDI
  • Must have stable baseline asthma and have been using a B-adrenergic agonist, and/or anti-asthma anti-inflammatory medication, and/or OTC asthma medication for at least 6 mos. prior to V1
  • Must be in good health with the exception of their reversible airways disease and not suffering from any chronic condition that might affect their respiratory function
  • Must have a chest X-ray that is not diagnostic of pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrotic disease, pneumothorax, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc.
  • Must be able to complete the diary cards and medical event calendars reliably on a daily basis and demonstrate how to use the MiniWright PEF meter

Exclusion Criteria

  • Subject who is expected to require any disallowed medications
  • Female subject who is pregnant or lactating
  • Subject who has participated in an investigational drug study within 30 days prior to V1, or who is currently participating in another clinical trial
  • Schedule prevents him or her from taking the first daily dose of study medication and/or starting study visits before 9AM
  • Subject who has travel commitments during the study that would interfere with trial measurements or compliance or both
  • Subject who has a history of hospitalization for asthma within 45 days prior to V1, or who is scheduled for in-patient hospitalization during the trial
  • Have a known sensitivity to levalbuterol or racemic albuterol, or any of the excipients contained in any of these formulations
  • Subject using any prescription drug with which albuterol sulfate administration is contraindicated
  • Subject with currently diagnosed life-threatening asthma
  • Subject with clinically significant abnormalities that may interfere with the metabolism or excretion of the study drug
  • Have a history of cancer (exception: basal cell carcinoma in remission)
  • Have hyperthyroidism, diabetes, hypertension, cardiac diseases, or seizure disorders not well controlled by medication or that may interfere with the successful completion of this protocol
  • Have a history of substance or drug abuse within 12 mos. preceding V1 or a positive urine drug screening at V1
  • Have greater than 10 pack year history of cigarette smoking or use of any tobacco products within 6 mos. of V1
  • Have a documented history of bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or any form of allergic alveolitis
  • Have suffered from a clinically significant upper or lower respiratory tract infection in the 2 weeks prior to V1
  • Have any clinically significant abnormal laboratory values
  • Have a clinically significant abnormal 12-lead ECG that may jeopardize the subject's ability to complete study
  • Subject who is a staff member or relative of a staff member
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00073840
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 051-355
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Sunovion
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sunovion
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: John Hanrahan, M.D. Sunovion
PRS Account Sunovion
Verification Date February 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP