LMP-specific T-cells for Patients With Relapsed EBV-positive Lymphoma (ALCI)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00062868|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2003
Results First Posted : February 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2020
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||June 17, 2003|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||June 18, 2003|
|Results First Submitted Date ICMJE||January 15, 2020|
|Results First Posted Date ICMJE||February 7, 2020|
|Last Update Posted Date||June 9, 2020|
|Actual Study Start Date ICMJE||September 2003|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) Rate by the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (CTCAE) v2.0 and the Method of Przepiorka et al (Protocol Appendix I) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post second CLT infusion ]
Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) rate is the proportion of participants with DLT. DLT will be defined as any toxicity that is irreversible, life threatening or Grade 3-4 considered to be primarily related to the LMP-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) injection or development of Grade III-IV Graft versus host disease (GVHD). Toxicity will be evaluated according to the CTCAE Version 2.0. GVHD will be graded by the method of Przepiorka et al (protocol Appendix I).
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||LMP-specific T-cells for Patients With Relapsed EBV-positive Lymphoma|
|Official Title ICMJE||Administration of LMP-Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes to Patients With Relapsed EBV-Positive Lymphoma (ALCI) / Previously Known as: Administration of Neomycin Resistance Gene Marked LMP2A-Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes to Patents With Relapsed EBV-Positive Lymphoma (ALASCAR)|
This protocol is broken up into 2 portions to determine the maximum tolerated dose for treating patients with a type of lymph gland disease.
The 1st portion, called ALASCER are for people with a type of lymph gland cancer called Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or Lymphoepithelioma which has returned or may return or has not gone away after treatment, including the best treatment we know for Lymphoma. While the 2nd portion (ALCI) also includes Lymphoepithelioma, severe chronic active EBV (SCAEBC), and leiomyosarcoma.
Some patients with Lymphoma show evidence of infection with the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis Epstein Barr virus (EBV) before or at the time of their diagnosis. EBV is found in the cancer cells of up to half the patients with Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, suggesting that it may play a role in causing Lymphoma. The cancer cells (in lymphoma) and some B cells (in SCAEBV) infected by EBV are able to hide from the body's immune system and escape destruction. Investigators want to see if special white blood cells, called T cells, that have been trained to kill EBV infected cells can survive in your blood and affect the tumor.
The investigators have used this sort of therapy to treat a different type of cancer that occurs after bone marrow or solid organ transplant called post transplant lymphoma. In this type of cancer the tumor cells have 9 proteins made by EBV on their surface. The investigators grew T cells in the laboratory that recognized all 9 proteins and were able to successfully prevent and treat post transplant lymphoma. However in Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and SCAEBV, the tumor cells and B cells only express 2 EBV proteins. In a previous study we made T cells that recognized all 9 proteins and gave them to patients with Hodgkin disease. Some patients had a partial response to this therapy but no patients had a complete response. Investigators think one reason may be that many of the T cells reacted with proteins that were not on the tumor cells. In this present study we are trying to find out if we can improve this treatment by growing T cells that only recognize one of the proteins expressed on infected EBV Lymphoma cells called LMP-2a, and B cells called LMP1 and LMP2. These special T cells are called LMP specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs).
The purpose of the study is to find the largest safe dose of LMP specific cytotoxic T cells, to learn what the side effects are and to see whether this therapy might help patients with Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Lymphoepithelioma, SCAEBV or leiomyosarcoma.
ALASCER (Part 1 of 2)
We will generate autologous (or syngeneic) or allogeneic LMP2A-specific cytotoxic T-cells and adoptively transfer them to patients with relapsed EBV-positive Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkins Lymphoma or Lymphoepithelioma.
To initiate the LMP-specific CTL line, PBMC will be transduced with an adenovirus vector (Ad5f35-pp65) expressing the LMP2 antigen, at a viral particle (vp) to cell ratio of 30,000:1. For blood samples from normal donors, the monocyte fraction of PBMC may be transduced and will express and present LMP2 peptide epitopes to the LMP2-specific T cell fraction of the PBMC. This step will require 20 to 40 x 106 PBMC from about 40 mL of blood.
When a stronger stimulus is required to reactivate LMP2-specific T cell precursors (i.e. from patients PBMC), then we will make dendritic cell APCs by culture of PBMC-derived monocytes with cytokines (GM-CSF, IL-4) followed by transduction with Ad5f35-LMP2 (vp:cell ratio of 30000:1) and maturation with TNF-a and PGE1. These mature, transduced dendritic cells will be used to stimulate PBMC-derived T cells. In this case, dendritic cells will be prepared from about 40 mL of blood and the T cells will be derived from 20 to 40 mL of blood
To expand the LMP2-specific T cells we will use EBV-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell lines (EBV-LCLs) transduced with Ad5f35-LMP2 (vp:LCL ratio of 100,000:1). This transduction allows the EBV-LCLs to present LMP2 peptides to the T cells. EBV-LCLs are derived from PBMC-B lymphocytes by infection with a clinical grade, laboratory strain of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). About 5 x 106 PBMC, or 5 to 10 mLs of blood is required to generate the EBV-LCL
At the end of the CTL culture period, the frequency of LMP2 specific CTL will be determined using tetramer reagents if available.
Transduction with the Neomycin Resistance Gene (optional - based on patient preference and availability of the vector). Established CTLs will be transduced with the retroviral vectors of the LN series.
Patients will be evaluated in the clinic and 2-4 doses of CTL will be administered each two weeks apart. Patients will be monitored for clinical toxicity by the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria Scale (Version 2.0 located at http://ctep.cancer.gov). In addition, we will determine the kinetics of CTL survival by monitoring the presence of the marker gene in peripheral blood in patients who receive marked cells. We will also analyze immunological parameters including phenotype and CTL frequencies by tetramer studies in patients who have HLA types where such reagents are available. Functional analyses will be done by cytotoxicity or ELISPOT/ELISA assays. The levels of EBV DNA in peripheral blood before and following infusion will be compared. A time period of 8 weeks will constitute the time for clinical safety monitoring. If patients have had a partial response or have stable disease they will be eligible to receive up to 6 further doses of CTLs, each of which will consist of the same number as their second injection.
ALCI (Part 2 of 2)
This is the 2nd part of the ALASCER study. ALCI reflected modification in the manufacturing process to enrich the CTL product for cells recognizing the LMP1 as well as the LMP2 antigen. The change in manufacturing required to enrich for both LMP2a and LMP1 is solely to substitute ALCI's Ad5f35LMP1/2 vector for the previously used Ad5f35LMP2 vector used to transduce the antigen presenting cells used ex vivo to stimulate the T cells during the manufacturing process in our GMP laboratories.
We initially used the AD5f35LMP2 vector and now use the Ad5f35LMP1/2 vector to generate LMP-specific CTL. Our preliminary data indicates that these two vectors are identical and produce similar enrichment of LMP2 specific CTL. By using the Ad5f35LMP1/2 vector instead of the Ad5f35 vector encoding LMP2 alone, we should better enrich T cell clones recognizing both of the LMP antigens expressed by the malignant cells in Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Our analysis strategies include plans to perform comparisons between these vector types.
Like the ALASCER product, the ALCI product continued to be a CTL line specific for EBV antigens but enriched for T cells recognizing LMP1 as well as LMP2. The ALASCER product already contains some LMP1 specific T cells along with T cell specific for other EBV antigens and the only change was enrich for these cells. Therefore the ALCI Ad5f35 LMP1/2 adenoviral vector is an ancillary reagent in the manufacturing process used only to transduce antigen presenting cells used as stimulator cells and is not infused in the final product. This vector completed testing and was approved for use under ALASCER IND (#6387).
Additionally, the ALASCER protocol design was amended to allow for the addition of a separate arm to the study depending on the vector used for the manufacturing process and the data is analyzed separately
In both ALASCER & ALCI, the cells will then be thawed and injected into the patient over 10 minutes. Initially, two doses of T cells will be given two weeks apart. If after the second infusion there is a reduction in the size of the lymphoma on CT or MRI scan as assessed by a radiologist, the patient can receive up to six additional doses of the T cells if the patient wishes. This is a dose escalation study which means that for some patients the second dose may be larger than the first. All of the treatments will be given by the Center for Cell and Gene Therapy at Texas Children's Hospital or the Methodist Hospital.
The patient will be followed after the injections. They will either be seen in the clinic or will be contacted by a research nurse yearly for 5 years. To learn more about the way the T cells are working in the patient's body, an extra 20-40 mL (4-8 teaspoons) of blood will be taken before each infusion, and then 4 hours after each infusion (optional) and 3-4 days after each infusion (optional) and then weekly for 2 weeks after each infusion (total of 9 times). Two weeks after the last infusion, blood will then be taken again and then every 3 months for 1 year, then once a year for 5 years. Investigators will use this blood to see how long the T cells last and to look at the immune response to the patient's cancer.
ALCI (Expansion cohort)
Once the dose escalation safety phase of the study is completed (i.e. once at least 3 patients have been treated at dose level 3 and no treatment-related DLT has occurred), we plan to treat additional patients at dose level 1 to evaluate the immunological response in patients who receive CTL that have been generated using DC matured with the additional maturation cytokines (IL-1b and IL-6) in the presence of IL-15. We will treat an additional 30, 16, and 16 patients on Groups A, B and C, respectively.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arms ICMJE||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Enrollment ICMJE
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||April 2020|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
ALASCER (Part 1 of Study)
Note: Patients who would be excluded from the protocol strictly for laboratory abnormalities can be included at the investigator's discretion after approval by the CCGT Protocol Review Committee and the FDA reviewer.
ALCI and ALCI Expansion (Part 2 of Study)
|Ages ICMJE||Child, Adult, Older Adult|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00062868|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||9936-ALCI-ALASCAR
ALCI ( Other Identifier: Baylor College of Medicine )
ALASCAR ( Other Identifier: Baylor College of Medicine )
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Helen Heslop, Baylor College of Medicine|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Baylor College of Medicine|
|PRS Account||Baylor College of Medicine|
|Verification Date||May 2020|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP