Anti-Smoking Program for Parents: Effects on Child Smoking

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier:
First received: March 26, 2003
Last updated: September 29, 2006
Last verified: July 2005

March 26, 2003
September 29, 2006
September 1997
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Initiation of cigarette smoking -- 3 years post treatment
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00056927 on Archive Site
Susceptibility for initiation of cigarette smoking -- 1 year post treatment
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Anti-Smoking Program for Parents: Effects on Child Smoking
Preventing Initiation of Smoking by Children
The purpose of this study is to determine whether an anti-smoking program for parents who smoke will lower the odds that their children will start smoking. The study will evaluate an activity-based program for parents and their children. The program is home-based and uses the mail for program delivery.

Youth whose parents smoke cigarettes are at high risk for early initiation of cigarette smoking, and youth who first smoke cigarettes during childhood are at high risk for subsequent addiction to tobacco. Parents influence their children's perceptions of the prevalence of smoking, the acceptability of smoking, the accessibility of cigarettes, and the personal and social consequences of smoking. All parents, including parents who smoke, can engage in anti-smoking socialization, which may lower children's risk of smoking.

Although there are some programs available that are directed at preventing initiation of smoking during childhood, none of these prevention programs engage parents who smoke in altering children's smoking-specific socialization. This study will evaluate a program to change smoking-specific socialization of children in households where parents smoke cigarettes.

Consenting volunteers will be randomly assigned to either treatment (anti-smoking socialization program) or control groups. Parents in the treatment group will participate in the "Smoke-free Kids" program and receive activity magazines, newsletters, and support calls. Parents in the control group will receive a fact sheet about youth smoking. Parents involved in the study will be assessed through a telephone interview 1 month after completion of the three-month anti-smoking program. Assenting children will complete surveys administered at school at 12, 24, and 36 months after completion of the anti-smoking program. Primary and secondary dependent variables include initiation of cigarette smoking and susceptibility to cigarette smoking by children. The child survey will also assess risk and protective factors.

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Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Behavioral: Anti-smoking Socialization Program
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Jackson C, Dickinson D. Can parents who smoke socialise their children against smoking? Results from the Smoke-free Kids intervention trial. Tob Control. 2003 Mar;12(1):52-9.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
August 2002
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Inclusion Criteria

  • Parents or guardians who smoke
  • Have children in the 3rd grade
  • Belong to participating school districts in North Carolina, South Carolina, or Colorado
8 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Christine Jackson, Ph.D. Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
July 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP