Safety and Efficacy Study of Carvedilol to Treat Children With Congestive Heart Failure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00052026
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 23, 2003
Last Update Posted : December 25, 2008
University of Utah
Information provided by:
Shaddy, Robert, M.D.

January 21, 2003
January 23, 2003
December 25, 2008
May 2000
June 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The primary efficacy variable is a CHF composite response. [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00052026 on Archive Site
Selected individual components of the CHF composite of clinical outcomes [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
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Safety and Efficacy Study of Carvedilol to Treat Children With Congestive Heart Failure
A Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, 8-Month Study of the Effect of Twice Daily Carvedilol in Children With Congestive Heart Failure Due to Systemic Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a new medicine, called carvedilol, improves symptoms and heart function in children who have congestive heart failure (diminished function of their heart muscle that pumps blood to the body). To accomplish this, we will give carvedilol to some patients who have diminished heart function and congestive heart failure and see whether symptoms and heart function are better at the end of an 8 month period in those who received carvedilol compared to the other patients who did not receive carvedilol. We will be testing 2 different doses of carvedilol compared to no additional medicine.

Overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system is thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure (CHF). Blockade of the sympathetic nervous system with β-adrenergic inhibitors could be expected to ameliorate these detrimental effects in a manner analogous to the effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on the overactive renin-angiotensin system.

Carvedilol may be superior to pure beta-blockers in the treatment of CHF through its mechanism of action of blocking not only β-receptors but also α-receptors, which would allow vasodilation to reduce the afterload on the failing heart. Since beta-blockers may initially produce a negative inotropic effect on the heart, long term treatment has been needed to show benefits of removal of the adrenergic stimulation. The investigators will monitor the safety and efficacy of carvedilol administration in children with chronic CHF due to systemic ventricular dysfunction.

Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Congestive Heart Failure
  • Drug: carvedilol
    low-dose carvedilol administered twice daily for 8 months
    Other Name: Coreg
  • Drug: placebo
    administered twice daily for 8 months
  • Drug: carvedilol
    high-dose carvedilol administered twice daily for 8 months
    Other Name: Coreg
  • Placebo Comparator: 1
    Intervention: Drug: placebo
  • Experimental: 2
    Low-dose carvedilol
    Intervention: Drug: carvedilol
  • Experimental: 3
    high-dose carvedilol
    Intervention: Drug: carvedilol

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2006
June 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)


  1. Male or female children from birth through 17 years of age with chronic symptomatic CHF due to systemic ventricular systolic dysfunction who are receiving standard heart failure therapy will be eligible. Since adolescents with left ventricular dysfunction are very similar to adults with this disease, this study will focus recruitment in the prepubertal age group of children, including children from birth through Tanner Stage 3. The number of adolescents enrolled will be limited to approximately 10% of study enrollment. However, teenagers with single ventricles or morphologic right ventricles as systemic ventricles represent an important population that is unique to pediatric cardiology. The 10% limitation will only apply to teenagers who have dilated cardiomyopathies since these patients may be similar to young adults with dilated cardiomyopathies. Adolescents will be defined as Tanner Stage 4 through age 17.
  2. A diagnosis of CHF by NYHA Class II-IV (generally, children older than 5 years of age) or Ross' classification of CHF Class II-IV (12) (generally, children less than 5 years old) for at least 1 month (at least 2 weeks, for neonates) prior to screening.
  3. An estimated ejection fraction less than 40% in patients with systemic left ventricular dysfunction or qualitative evidence of a dilated ventricle with moderate systemic ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with right ventricular or single ventricular physiology, documented within 4 weeks of randomization. Patients may be enrolled based on these criteria as determined by the site. However, all echocardiograms will be reviewed and interpreted by the Data Coordinating Center (DCC) at the University of Utah. Upon subsequent review by the DCC, if it is determined that either the ejection fraction is greater than or equal to 40% or the ventricular function is not moderate to severely decreased, patients will be enrolled. However, their data analysis will be based upon the findings from the DCC at the University of Utah.
  4. The etiology of the cardiomyopathy will include idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, post-viral myocarditis cardiomyopathy, anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, ischemic cardiomyopathies (e.g., Kawasaki's disease, repaired anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery, d-TGA s/p arterial switch), cardiomyopathies associated with single ventricle with ventricular systolic dysfunction, corrected transposition, etc. Excluded from enrollment will be dilated cardiomyopathies secondary to muscular dystrophies, hemoglobinopathies, HIV, carnitine deficiency, and systemic ventricular dysfunction due to ventricular outflow obstruction.
  5. Patients undergoing treatment for CHF with standard CHF therapy, such as diuretic, digoxin and ACE inhibitors. All patients should be receiving ACE inhibitors prior to enrollment in this study unless contraindicated or intolerant. If intolerance has been established, the patient must have been withdrawn from these drugs for at least one month prior to randomization. Other medications such as hydralazine, nitrates or amiodarone may also be used. Therapy with amiodarone should not have started or stopped within 2 months of randomization.
  6. All patients should be receiving diuretics prior to enrollment in this study unless contraindicated or intolerant. Patients must be in optimal fluid status prior to enrollment.
  7. Patients must be receiving a stable regimen of standard CHF medications for a period of at least one month (2 weeks in neonates) at the time of randomization into the study.


Patients with any of the following will be excluded from the study:

  1. NYHA or Ross' CHF Classification Class I (asymptomatic).
  2. Patients actively listed for transplantation at time of entry into the study or anticipated to undergo heart transplantation or corrective heart surgery during the 8 months following entry into the study. However, those patients in whom listing for transplantation is anticipated but may be waiting a long period of time (greater than 8 months), such as Status 2 patients, may be considered for enrollment in this study.
  3. Sustained or symptomatic ventricular dysrhythmias uncontrolled by drug therapy or the use of an implantable defibrillator, and/or significant cardiac conduction defects, e.g., 2nd degree or 3rd degree AV block, or sick sinus syndrome, unless a functioning pacemaker is in place.
  4. Uncorrected primary obstructive or severe regurgitative valvular disease, nondilated (restrictive) or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or significant systemic ventricular outflow obstruction.
  5. Dilated cardiomyopathies secondary to muscular dystrophies, hemoglobinopathies, HIV, carnitine deficiency, and systemic ventricular dysfunction due to ventricular outflow obstruction.
  6. Active myocarditis.
  7. Unacceptable blood pressures and heart rates. Sitting (supine in infants) systolic blood pressure must be > 85 mm Hg in teens, > 75 mm Hg in school-aged children, and > 65 mm Hg in infants (12). Resting heart rate must be greater than the 2nd percentile for age (13).
  8. Renovascular hypertension or evidence of pulmonary hypertension (pulmonary vascular resistance index > 6 Wood units-m2) unresponsive to vasodilator agents such as oxygen, nitroprusside, or nitric oxide.
  9. History or current clinical evidence of moderate-to-severe obstructive pulmonary disease or reactive airway diseases (e.g., asthma) requiring therapy.
  10. Significant renal (serum creatinine >2.0), hepatic (serum AST and/or ALT > 3 times upper limit of normal), gastrointestinal, or biliary disorders that could impair absorption, metabolism, or excretion of orally administered medications.
  11. Concurrent terminal illness or other severe disease (e.g., active neoplasm) or other significant laboratory value(s) which, in the opinion of the investigator, could preclude participation or survival.
  12. Endocrine disorders such as primary aldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, hyper- or hypothyroidism, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
  13. Unwillingness or inability to cooperate, or for the parents or guardians to give consent, or for the child to give assent, or any condition of sufficient severity to impair cooperation in the study.
  14. Girls of child bearing potential who are pregnant, lactating, or sexually active and not taking adequate contraceptive precautions (e.g., IUD or oral contraceptives for 3 months prior to entry into the study).
  15. Use of an investigational drug within 30 days of randomization, or within 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (the longer period will apply); investigational vaccines or biological agents (e.g., the monoclonal antibody Synagis), may be granted exceptions through consultation with the principal investigator and GlaxoSmithKline.
  16. History of drug sensitivity or allergic reaction to a-blockers or ß-blockers.
  17. Use of any of the following medications within two weeks of randomization:

    • Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
    • Calcium entry blockers
    • Alpha blockers, or labetalol
    • Disopyramide, flecainide, encainide, moricizine, propafenone
    • Intravenous ß-adrenergic agonists (including intravenous inotropes such as dobutamine) or intravenous vasodilator agents such as amrinone or milrinone
    • Intravenous CHF medications (e.g., diuretics, digoxin)
  18. Treatment with b-adrenergic blockers, including sotalol or carvedilol within 2 months of randomization.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
up to 17 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
SB 105517-321
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Not Provided
Robert E Shaddy, MD, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Shaddy, Robert, M.D.
University of Utah
Principal Investigator: Robert E. Shaddy, MD University of Utah
Shaddy, Robert, M.D.
December 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP