Yoga for Treating Shortness of Breath in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00051792
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 17, 2003
Last Update Posted : August 18, 2006
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

January 16, 2003
January 17, 2003
August 18, 2006
January 2003
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00051792 on Archive Site
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Yoga for Treating Shortness of Breath in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Efficacy of Yoga for Self-Management of Dyspnea in COPD
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of yoga in reducing shortness of breath in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients in this study must have moderate to severe COPD and be primarily limited by shortness of breath.

Management of dyspnea (shortness of breath) is a major concern for patients with COPD. The efficacy of complementary exercises to manage dyspnea is unknown. Complementary exercises may be more congruent with patients' lifestyles and values than traditional exercise programs and can be adapted to changes in illness severity and disability. Yoga practice is a complementary therapy that people use to manage their dyspnea. The aims of this study are to: 1) develop a safe and feasible yoga program for patients with COPD; 2) test the efficacy of this program; and 3) determine whether physical performance, psychological well being, and health-related quality of life are positively affected by yoga practice.

Patients in this study will be randomized to receive yoga training or usual care for 12 weeks. Patients will be evaluated at study entry, after each session, and immediately after the training program.

Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive
  • Pulmonary Emphysema
  • Chronic Bronchitis
Behavioral: yoga
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
July 2004
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Inclusion criteria:

  • Able to commit to a 12-week yoga class in San Francisco, California
  • Moderate to severe COPD, clinically stable for at least 1 month prior to study entry
  • Forced Expiratory Volume at one minute (FEV1) < 49% predicted after inhaled bronchodilator
  • Activities of daily living limited by shortness of breath
  • Ability to speak English and sign consent
  • Patients receiving supplemental oxygen will be acceptable if their O2 saturation can be maintained at > 85% on < 6 L/min of nasal oxygen

Exclusion criteria:

  • Symptomatic illness (e.g., cancer, left heart failure, ischemic heart disease, neuromuscular disease, psychiatric illness)
  • Formal pulmonary rehabilitation training within 1 year prior to study entry
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
R21AT001168-01( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
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National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, RN, DNSc University of California, San Francisco
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
August 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP