A Study of DAPD Alone Versus DAPD Plus MMF for Treatment of HIV Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00038272
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 30, 2002
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

May 29, 2002
May 30, 2002
May 21, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00038272 on Archive Site
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A Study of DAPD Alone Versus DAPD Plus MMF for Treatment of HIV Infection
A Phase I/II Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study of Beta-D-2,6-diaminopurine Dioxolane (DAPD) Versus DAPD Plus Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) in Treatment-Experienced Subjects

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and side effects of beta-D-2,6-diaminopurine dioxolane (DAPD) compared to DAPD plus mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) when these drugs are added to the anti-HIV treatment regimens of people infected with HIV.

Some studies have shown that DAPD and MMF can help fight HIV. However, neither DAPD nor MMF has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating HIV infection. This study will help doctors decide if DAPD and MMF are good drugs for treating HIV.

The antiretroviral potency of DAPD varies among antiretroviral-experienced patients. In vitro studies indicate that the potency of DAPD can be markedly increased by the addition of MMF. Preliminary data indicate that MMF is well tolerated in patients with advanced HIV-1 disease. However, there is currently no clinical data on the activity of DAPD combined with MMF. This study will be the first to evaluate the addition of DAPD and MMF to a patient's current antiretroviral therapy.

At study entry, patients will be randomly assigned to one of two blinded treatment arms. Arm A receives DAPD plus MMF placebo in addition to their current regimen, while Arm B receives DAPD plus MMF in addition to their current regimen. All patients remain on their current antiretroviral regimen through Week 2. After Week 2, patients who virologically respond are encouraged to remain on blinded study treatment through Week 24. Patients who do not virologically respond are unblinded.

After unblinding, patients who were not receiving MMF may add it to their antiretroviral regimen. Response to the addition of open-label MMF is assessed after 2 weeks. Resistance to antiretroviral agents, including DAPD, will be assessed following any virologic failure occurring after Week 2. All patients have the option of optimizing their background antiretroviral regimen at Week 2, based on the results of a pre-entry resistance assay; enfuvirtide will be made available for background therapy optimization through Week 48.

Patients who are still receiving DAPD alone or DAPD plus MMF at Week 48 and who are still responding virologically may choose to continue the study drug(s) and be followed for up to an additional 48 weeks. Throughout the study, HIV-1 RNA levels, CD4 cell counts, and study drug levels will be monitored regularly. Eye exams will be done at several study visits. Only DAPD, MMF, and MMF placebo will be supplied by this study; patients must obtain the rest of their treatment regimen through their doctor. Patients who discontinue treatment before the end of study will need to come in for a follow-up visit 4 weeks after discontinuation and may need to attend future follow-up visits at 8-week intervals, as determined by the investigator.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
  • Drug: Amdoxovir
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
April 2006
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Inclusion Criteria for Step 1:

  • HIV infected
  • Triple-class antiretroviral treatment, as determined by the site investigator and as defined by all of the following: a) exposure to 2 or more nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) for at least 3 months each; b) exposure to 2 or more non-boosted protease inhibitors (PIs) for at least 3 months each, or exposure to a dual PI regimen for at least 3 months; and c) exposure to at least 1 non-nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) for at least 3 months.
  • CD4 cell count of at least 50 cells/mm3 within 45 days prior to study entry
  • Viral load of 2000 copies/ml or more within 45 days prior to study entry
  • On current antiretroviral treatment regimen for at least 30 days prior to study entry. If current treatment includes abacavir, abacavir must be discontinued at least 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Willing to use acceptable methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria for Step 1:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Allergy or sensitivity to the study drugs and their formulations
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Cataracts or any measurable loss of vision due to lens opacity
  • Best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/200
  • Certain drugs or vaccines within 30 days prior to study entry
  • History of any of the following: kidney disease; serious illness within 14 days prior to study entry; end organ cytomegalovirus infection; Kaposi's sarcoma; cataracts; active herpetic infection or peptic ulcer disease within 12 months; or malabsorption, severe chronic diarrhea, or inability to eat 1 or more meals a day because of chronic nausea, emesis, or abdominal/mouth and throat discomfort
  • Current alcohol or drug abuse that would interfere with adherence to study requirements
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
10090 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG A5165
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: David Margolis, MD Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP