Use of Muscle Spectroscopy to Evaluate Mitochondrial Dysfunction in HIV-Infected Patients
|First Submitted Date||May 10, 2002|
|First Posted Date||May 13, 2002|
|Last Update Posted Date||January 19, 2017|
|Start Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00036478 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Use of Muscle Spectroscopy to Evaluate Mitochondrial Dysfunction in HIV-Infected Patients|
|Official Title||Pilot Study to Evaluate the Use of Phosphorus P31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy as a Non-Invasive Means to Evaluate Mitochondrial Dysfunction in HIV-Infected Subjects|
The purpose of this study is to see if magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can be used to detect damage to the mitochondria in HIV-infected patients taking nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) drugs.
HIV-infected patients taking NRTI drugs may have an increase in a chemical in their blood called lactate. High lactate levels may damage the energy source of the cell (mitochondria). Damage to mitochondria may cause lactic acidosis, liver failure, and other problems. It is important to find effective ways to see if the mitochondria of HIV-infected patients have been damaged. This study will see if MRS can be used to determine mitochondrial damage.
NRTI-related mitochondrial toxicity has been implicated in some fatal cases of lactic acidosis and liver failure. In addition, some investigators believe NRTI-related mitochondrial toxicity to be the culprit in the development of peripheral neuropathy and lipodystrophy in HIV-infected patients. There is a need for a sensitive, reproducible, and noninvasive marker of mitochondrial dysfunction. To date, the only available noninvasive marker is lactate, but lactate testing is insensitive and the significance and reproducibility of lactate levels in the HIV-infected population are questionable. Spectroscopy promises to be a very useful alternative for the evaluation of the in vivo effect of NRTIs on mitochondrial function.
Prior to the screening visit, HIV-infected participants must fast for at least 12 hours and refrain from exercise for at least 24 hours. At the screening visit, all participants have blood drawn for lactate measurements and tests for hepatitis B and C. HIV-uninfected participants have an HIV test. Women who are able to become pregnant have a pregnancy test.
Prior to the entry visit, HIV-infected participants must fast for 12 hours and refrain from exercise for 3 days. At the entry visit, all participants have blood drawn for lactate measurements and women have repeat pregnancy tests. Participants have an MRS scan, which takes approximately 60-80 minutes.
|Study Design||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
Participants in Groups 1 and 2 may be eligible for this study if they:
Participants in Group 1 (HIV-uninfected) may be eligible for this study if they:
Participants in Group 2 (HIV-infected) may be eligible for this study if they:
Participants in Groups 1 and 2 may not be eligible for this study if they:
Participants in Group 1 (HIV-uninfected) may not be eligible for this study if they:
|Ages||18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||ACTG A5144
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|PRS Account||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||October 2004|