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Rituximab to Treat Hepatitis C-Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00029107
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 7, 2002
Results First Posted : April 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael C Sneller, MD, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 5, 2002
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 7, 2002
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 26, 2011
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE April 3, 2012
Last Update Posted Date April 16, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 21, 2012)
Percent of Patients in Remission [ Time Frame: month 6 ]
The primary endpoint was the difference in rate of remission between the 2 arms at 6 months from study entry.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Rituximab to Treat Hepatitis C-Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis
Official Title  ICMJE Rituximab (Anti-CD20) for the Treatment of Hepatitis C Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of Rituximab (anti-CD20) in the treatment of patients with hepatitis C associated cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (HCV-CV) who have failed or are intolerant to interferon-alpha/ribavirin therapy. Up to 75 patients may be screened to enroll 34 adult patients with active HCV-CV in this randomized, non-blinded phase I/II trial. Patients will be randomized to receive either Rituximab 375 mg/M(2) on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 beginning at the time of enrollment or standard therapy. Patients in both groups will be maintained on stable doses of any immunosuppressive therapies that they were receiving at the time of enrollment. Response to Rituximab will be assessed by clinical and laboratory parameters.

Although the cause of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is not known, a critical component is the presence of cryoglobulins-abnormal proteins that white blood cells called B lymphocytes produce in response to the chronic hepatitis C infection. Rituximab decreases the number of B cells. The Food and Drug Administration approved Rituximab in 1997 for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Patients between 18 and 75 years of age with hepatitis C and signs and symptoms of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis may be eligible for this study. They must have failed, or been unable to tolerate, treatment with IFN-a and ribavirin. Candidates will be screened with a history and physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood and urine tests, 24-hour urine collection and chest X-ray, if clinically indicated.

Participants will be randomly assigned to receive Rituximab upon entering the study or 6 months after entering the study. Those whose treatment is delayed 6 months will be followed once a month at NIH for disease evaluation and blood tests during that time.

Patients will be given Rituximab intravenously (through a vein) once a week for 4 weeks. For the first dose, patients will be admitted to the hospital for at least 24 hours after the infusion for monitoring. Subsequent infusions will be given on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on how the infusion is tolerated. The day before each infusion they will have a history and physical examination, blood work, and other tests, such as X-rays, as clinically indicated.

After the four infusions, patients will be followed for drug side effects and response to treatment. They will have blood tests every week for 4 weeks and will then return to NIH for 1 day every month for 12 months for a physical examination, blood tests, and X-rays, if medically indicated. Visits may be more frequent, if necessary, and patients may be asked to stay longer than a day if test findings requ...

Detailed Description

Although the cause of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is not known, a critical component is the presence of cryoglobulins-abnormal proteins that white blood cells called B lymphocytes produce in response to the chronic hepatitis C infection. Rituximab decreases the number of B cells. The Food and Drug Administration approved Rituximab in 1997 for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Patients between 18 and 75 years of age with hepatitis C and signs and symptoms of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis may be eligible for this study. They must have failed, or been unable to tolerate, treatment with IFN-a and ribavirin. Candidates will be screened with a history and physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood and urine tests, 24-hour urine collection and chest X-ray, if clinically indicated.

Participants will be randomly assigned to receive Rituximab or standard therapy for 6 months after entering the study. All patients will be followed once a month at NIH for disease evaluation and blood tests during that time.

Patients will be given Rituximab 375 mg/m2intravenously once a week for 4 weeks. The day before each infusion they will have a history and physical examination, blood work, and other tests, such as X-rays, as clinically indicated.

After the four infusions, patients will be followed for drug side effects and response to treatment. They will have blood tests every week for 4 weeks and will then return to NIH for 1 day every month for 12 months for a physical examination, blood tests, and X-rays, if medically indicated. Visits may be more frequent, if necessary.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Hepatitis C
  • Vasculitis
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Rituximab
anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Immediate treatment
    Patients receive treatment with four weekly infusions of rituximab 375mg/m2 immediately following randomization.
    Intervention: Drug: Rituximab
  • Delayed treatment
    Patients treated with standard therapy (corticosteroids, plasma exchange, etc.). After 6 months, they are eligibile to cross over and receive four weekly infusions of rituximab.
    Intervention: Drug: Rituximab
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 15, 2010)
47
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
50
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Diagnosis of HCV-CV: must have all of the following

HCV infection documented by serology and/or plasma HCV RNA.

One or more organ system with objective evidence of active vasculitis such as:

Palpable purpura;

Glomerulonephritis (defined by the presence of glomerular hematuria and/or new or worsening proteinuria);

Acute peripheral neuropathy.

Detectable cryoglobulins and/or RF.

Failure of treatment with IFN-alpha and ribavirin to control manifestations of HCV-CV OR intolerance to IFN-alpha/ribavirin regimen.

Patients must have a personal physician responsible for the care of their HCV.

Ages of 18 and 75 years

Willingness to use effective contraception during and for 12 months following Rituximab treatment. Effective contraception methods include abstinence, surgical sterilization of either partner, barrier methods such as diaphragm, condom, cap or sponge, or hormonal contraception.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Recent (within 4 weeks) initiation of or increase in immunosuppressive therapy.

Active systemic infection (other than hepatitis C).

Pregnancy or breast feeding.

Prior treatment with Rituximab.

Known allergy to murine proteins.

Significant renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance less than 30 ml/min).

Presence of life-threatening HCV-CV; defined as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (defined as a doubling of the serum creatinine over a 3 month period), CNS vasculitis, cardiac disease due to active vasculitis, or GI vasculitis (defined by ischemic bowel, perforation, or infarction).

Significant hepatic insufficiency as manifested by Child-Pugh classification of B or C.

History of variceal bleeding, encephalopathy.

History of liver transplantation.

Co-infection with either HBV or HIV.

Any underlying medical condition that in the judgment of the investigator would put the patient at increased risk for serious infusion-related adverse events.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00029107
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 020096
02-I-0096 ( Other Identifier: NIAID Intramural protocol number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Michael C Sneller, MD, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Michael C Sneller, MD National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date April 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP