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Dual Versus Triple Protease Inhibitor Combinations, Including Ritonavir, in HIV Infected People

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00028366
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 28, 2001
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

December 27, 2001
December 28, 2001
August 16, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00028366 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Dual Versus Triple Protease Inhibitor Combinations, Including Ritonavir, in HIV Infected People
A Randomized, Comparative Study of Lopinavir/Ritonavir Versus GW433908 and Ritonavir Versus Lopinavir/Ritonavir and GW433908 (In Combination With Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and One or Two Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors) in HIV-1-Infected Subjects With Virologic Treatment Failure
Ritonavir (RTV) is a protease inhibitor (PI) commonly used to increase drug levels of other PIs in HIV drug treatment. The purpose of this study is to compare a combination of drugs which includes RTV and 2 protease inhibitors (PIs) with 2 combinations that include RTV and another PI. This study also will compare the effectiveness, safety, tolerability, and drug levels in the blood of these anti-HIV drug combinations.

A substantial proportion of patients on antiretroviral therapy do not achieve sustained suppression of HIV viral load. Developing strategies to improve responses to subsequent regimens is an important objective for the management of patients with HIV infection. Increasing the potency of regimens by using a pharmacoenhancer such as RTV is of interest. RTV is used widely to increase plasma concentrations of PIs, but there is little efficacy and tolerability data about different RTV-enhanced PIs. The efficacy and tolerability of a triple PI regimen will be compared to dual PI regimens; dual PI regimens will also be compared to each other.

In Step 1, patients will be selectively randomized (based on prior exposure to the study drugs) and enrolled into 1 of 3 study arms. Patients in Arm A will receive lopinavir (LPV)/RTV in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs; patients in Arm B will receive fosamprenavir plus RTV in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs; Arm C patients were to receive LPV/RTV plus fosamprenavir in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs. Because interim study results indicated that mean PI levels for patients in Arm C were unacceptably low, Arm C patients will now either drop LPV/RTV and add RTV or drop fosamprenavir from their regimens.

The study will last 24 to 48 weeks. Medications and clinical assessment and blood collection will be performed at 2 weeks prior to entry, entry, and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Blood samples to test for amprenavir (APV) and LPV pharmacokinetics will be collected at Weeks 12, 24, 48, and at confirmed virologic failure visits. In substudy A5147S, intensive 12-hour pharmacokinetic sampling for APV, LPV, and RTV will be conducted. The first 20-25 patients enrolled in each arm will be enrolled in the substudy 14-28 days after starting study treatment.

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Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Fosamprenavir
  • Drug: Lopinavir/Ritonavir
  • Drug: Ritonavir
  • Drug: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2005
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Note: Accrual into A5143 and A5147S has been discontinued. The study originally planned to enroll 216 participants, but only 56 participants were enrolled at the time of early termination of enrollment because of interim review results.

Inclusion Criteria for Step 1

  • HIV infected
  • Past anti-HIV therapy consisting of at least 1 PI-containing regimen or detectable viral load, and at least 1 year total anti-HIV therapy experience
  • Viral load of more than 5000 copies/ml within 60 days prior to screening while on a stable anti-HIV therapy for at least 12 weeks
  • Agree to use acceptable forms of contraception

Exclusion Criteria

  • More than 7 days of treatment with LPV and/or more than 7 days of treatment with APV or fosamprenavir
  • HIV vaccine within 90 days of study entry
  • Experimental drugs within 30 days of study entry
  • Cancer chemotherapy within 30 days of study entry
  • Drugs that affect the immune system within 30 days of study entry
  • Certain drugs within 14 days of study entry. Patients who have used drugs that might damage the kidneys within 7 days of study entry are allowed.
  • Midazolam within 7 days of study entry
  • Allergic or sensitive to study drugs
  • Excessive drug or alcohol use
  • Serious illness requiring treatment and/or hospitalization and have not completed therapy, or are not stable on therapy for at least 14 days prior to study entry
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
10681 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG A5143
Substudy AACTG A5147S
Substudy ACTG A5147S
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Ann C. Collier, MD University of Washington
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
August 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP