Celecoxib Compared With No Treatment Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00022399
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2011
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

August 10, 2001
January 27, 2003
February 21, 2011
September 2001
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00022399 on Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Celecoxib Compared With No Treatment Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer
A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial Of Celecoxib In Men Pre-Prostatectomy For Clinically Localized Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate: Evaluation Of Drug-Specific Biomarker Modulation

RATIONALE: Celecoxib may be an effective treatment for early stage prostate cancer. It is not yet known if celecoxib is more effective than no treatment before surgery for prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase I trial to determine the effectiveness of celecoxib given before surgery to remove the prostate in treating patients who have localized prostate cancer.


  • Compare biomarker modulation (prostaglandin levels) in tissue samples of patients with localized prostate cancer treated with neoadjuvant celecoxib vs placebo followed by prostatectomy.
  • Compare the effect of these regimens on angiogenic factors within the prostate in these patients.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of celecoxib in these patients.
  • Compare the toxicity profiles of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the compliance of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral neoadjuvant celecoxib twice daily.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral neoadjuvant placebo twice daily. Treatment in both arms continues for at least 4 weeks followed by prostatectomy.

Patients are followed within 1 month and then at 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60-70 patients (at least 30 per arm) will be accrued for this study.

Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Prostate Cancer
  • Drug: celecoxib
  • Procedure: conventional surgery
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Not Provided
Antonarakis ES, Heath EI, Walczak JR, Nelson WG, Fedor H, De Marzo AM, Zahurak ML, Piantadosi S, Dannenberg AJ, Gurganus RT, Baker SD, Parnes HL, DeWeese TL, Partin AW, Carducci MA. Phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of neoadjuvant celecoxib in men with clinically localized prostate cancer: evaluation of drug-specific biomarkers. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Oct 20;27(30):4986-93. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2009.21.9410. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate with one or more of the following:

    • Gleason sum at least 7
    • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at least 15 ng/mL
    • Clinical stage T2b or T2c (stage II)
    • Any combination of PSA, clinical stage, or Gleason sum with an estimated risk of capsular penetration greater than 45%
  • At least 3 positive core biopsies
  • Planned radical prostatectomy
  • No metastatic disease secondary to prostate cancer



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC greater than 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 9 g/dL
  • No history of bleeding disorders


  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST/ALT less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal
  • No viral hepatitis


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min


  • No history of hypersensitivity and/or adverse reactions to salicylates
  • No allergy to sulfa-containing medications
  • No other active malignancy within the past 5 years except superficial bladder cancer or nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No medical or psychiatric problem that would preclude study participation
  • No active infection
  • HIV negative


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior immunologic therapy for prostate cancer


  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior androgen ablation for prostate cancer
  • At least 4 weeks since prior hormonal therapy and recovered
  • At least 30 days since prior chronic use (more than 3 times per week for more than 2 weeks) of glucocorticoids
  • No concurrent glucocorticoids


  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy to the pelvis or surrounding tissues and recovered


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery and recovered


  • No prior investigational therapy for prostate cancer
  • No prior or concurrent chronic anticoagulants
  • No prior cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor therapy (e.g., rofecoxib or celecoxib)
  • At least 4 weeks since prior initiation of vitamins (except multivitamin) or herbs with known effects on prostate function (PSA)
  • At least 30 days since prior chronic use (more than 3 times per week for more than 2 weeks) of aspirin (greater than 100 mg/day) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • At least 24 hours since prior use and no concurrent use of any of the following:

    • Over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription products containing aspirin or NSAIDs; OTC products containing bismuth subsalicylate, sodium salicylate, and/or magnesium salicylate; choline salicylate; ranitidine; cimetidine; famotidine; or lansoprazole
  • No aspirin (100 mg/day) within 1 week prior to surgery
  • No concurrent addition of vitamins or herbal supplements
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Michael A. Carducci, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
October 2004

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP