Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00016913
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Results First Posted : January 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2016
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

June 6, 2001
January 27, 2003
July 31, 2015
January 29, 2016
July 6, 2016
May 2001
July 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Toxicity [ Time Frame: 90 days and 1 year post treatment ]
Patients were evaluated for acute toxicities defined as grade 3 or greater cardiovascular (including venous thrombosis), gastrointestinal, or genitourinary toxicity occurring during the period starting from treatment initiation until 90 days or less after the completion of radiotherapy. The same toxicity measures were monitored at >90 days after the completion of radiotherapy.
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00016913 on Archive Site
  • Time to Prostate-specific Antigen Failure [ Time Frame: PSA was measured every 4 weeks during chemotherapy, at least every 12 weeks post radiation for 2 years, and every 6 months thereafter until PSA failure date (Up to 5.5 years). ]
    PSA progression was defined in 2 ways. The CALGB PSA progression was defined as 2 consecutive rises in PSA with a rise of at least 0.2 ng/mL and above 1.0 ng/mL after radiation therapy; the date of PSA failure is taken as the midpoint between the last PSA before the rise and the first of the 2 PSAs that documented the rise. In addition, PSA progression was used according to the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1996 (ASTRO) criteria and defined as 3 consecutive rises in PSA after radiation therapy. The date of PSA failure was taken as the midpoint between the time of the lowest PSA measure after irradiation and the first of the 3 consecutive rises.
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: registration to progression, up to 5.5 years from registration ]
    PFS was defined as the time between treatment initiation and the date of disease progression (PSA, bone, tumor) or death, whichever occurred first. PSA progression is defined as 2 consecutive rising PSAs (a rise of at least 0.2 ng/mL) above 1.0 ng/mL.
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Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer
Phase II Study Of Neo-Adjuvant Paclitaxel, Estramustine And Carboplatin (TEC) Plus Androgen Ablation Prior To Radiation Therapy In Patients With Poor Prognosis Localized Prostate Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Androgens can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs such as goserelin or leuprolide may stop the adrenal glands from producing androgens. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying giving chemotherapy together with hormone therapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with locally advanced prostate cancer.


  • Determine the feasibility and safety of paclitaxel, estramustine, carboplatin, and androgen ablation followed by radiotherapy in patients with poor-prognosis locally advanced prostate cancer.
  • Determine the progression-free survival and time to prostate specific antigen failure in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly; oral estramustine three times a day, five days a week; and carboplatin IV over 1 hour once monthly. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses.

Patients also receive gonadotropin-releasing hormonal therapy comprising either goserelin subcutaneously or leuprolide intramuscularly once monthly. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses.

After the completion of chemotherapy, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily on weeks 17-24.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 4 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study within 1.5 years.

Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Prostate Cancer
  • Drug: carboplatin
    AUC=6 week one of each 4 week cycle
  • Drug: estramustine
    2 tablets tid PO 5 of 7 days per week each 4 week cycle
  • Drug: paclitaxel
    80 mg/sq m IV infusion over 1 hour weekly for ea 4 week cycle
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    77.4 Gy in 1.8 Gy fractions
  • Drug: leuprolide or goserelin acetate
    7.5 mg IM injection once every 4 weeks for 6 months
Experimental: Neo-Adj ChemoTx + ablation prior to RT
Patients with localized high-risk prostate cancer were treated with 4 cycles (16 weeks) of continuous weekly paclitaxel at 80 mg/m^2 intravenously with estramustine at 280 mg orally 3 times a day for 5 days a week and carboplatin (area under the curve of 6) on Day 1 of every cycle followed by 3-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (total dose of 77.4 gray [Gy] in 1.8-Gy fractions). All patients received androgen deprivation therapy with either goserelin acetate at 3.6 mg subcutaneously or leuprolide acetate at 7.5 mg intramuscularly monthly for 6 months starting at Day 1 of therapy.
  • Drug: carboplatin
  • Drug: estramustine
  • Drug: paclitaxel
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
  • Drug: leuprolide or goserelin acetate
Kelly WK, Halabi S, Elfiky A, Ou SS, Bogart J, Zelefsky M, Small E; Cancer Leukemia Group B. Multicenter phase 2 study of neoadjuvant paclitaxel, estramustine phosphate, and carboplatin plus androgen deprivation before radiation therapy in patients with unfavorable-risk localized prostate cancer: results of Cancer and Leukemia Group B 99811. Cancer. 2008 Dec 1;113(11):3137-45. doi: 10.1002/cncr.23910.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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May 2008
July 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)


  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate with one of the following prognostic factors:

    • Tx N0, baseline prostate specific antigen (PSA) greater than 20 ng/mL, and Gleason score at least 7
    • T3b-4 N0, any baseline PSA, and any Gleason score
  • No pelvic lymph node disease requiring pelvic radiotherapy
  • No metastatic disease by bone scan, CT scan, or MRI



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT no greater than 1.5 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN


  • No significant cardiovascular disease
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure
  • No active angina pectoris
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No history of hemorrhagic or thrombotic cerebral vascular accident
  • No deep vein thrombosis within the past 6 months


  • No pulmonary embolism within the past 6 months


  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior immunotherapy for prostate cancer
  • No concurrent routine filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF)


  • No prior chemotherapy for prostate cancer
  • No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No more than 6 weeks of prior androgen deprivation therapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer hormonal therapy except steroids for adrenal failure and/or hormones for nondisease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes)


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior radiotherapy for prostate cancer
  • No other concurrent anticancer radiotherapy


  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery


  • No prior alternative therapy (e.g., PC-SPES) for prostate cancer
  • No concurrent alternative medicine (e.g., PC-SPES or saw palmetto) or large quantities of vitamins
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
U10CA031946 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000068632 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Physician Data Query )
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Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: William K. Kelly, DO Yale University
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
July 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP