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Safety and Effectiveness of Emtricitabine, Efavirenz, and Didanosine in HIV Infected Children Who Have Taken Few or No Anti-HIV Drugs

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00016718
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: October 17, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 31, 2001
August 31, 2001
August 1, 2017
October 17, 2017
October 17, 2017
August 2001
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Proportion of Participants Who Developed Grade 3 or 4 Adverse Events Attributed to the Study Treatment. [ Time Frame: At study entry, weeks 2 and 4, every 4 weeks up to week 96 and every 6 weeks thereafter for Group 1 participants and at study entry, weeks 2 and 4, every 4 weeks up to week 144 and every 12 weeks thereafter for Groups 2 and 3 ]

    Adverse events were graded using the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events (DAIDS AE Grading Table), Version 1.0, December 2004, Clarification August 2009, which is available on the RCC website at (http://rcc.tech-res.com/). Adverse Events of Grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormalities or signs and symptoms that were judged by the study team to be possibly or probably related to the study treatment.

    Comparisons between age groups were not required as per protocol.

  • Proportion of Participants With Suppression of HIV Viral Load to Less Than 400 Copies/ml at Week 16 [ Time Frame: At week 16 ]
    Proportion was calculated as number of participants with HIV-1 RNA <= 400 copies/ml relative to the number of participants with HIV-1 RNA measured at that time point.
  • Proportion of Participants With Suppression of HIV Viral Load to Less Than 50 Copies/ml at Week 16 [ Time Frame: At week 16 ]
    Proportion was calculated as number of participants with HIV-1 RNA <= 50 copies/ml relative to the number of participants with HIV-1 RNA measured at that time point.
  • Development of Grade 3 or 4 adverse events attributed to the study treatment
  • Suppression of HIV viral load to less than 400 copies/ml and 50 copies/ml at Week 16
  • Time to virologic failure at or after Week 16
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00016718 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Safety and Effectiveness of Emtricitabine, Efavirenz, and Didanosine in HIV Infected Children Who Have Taken Few or No Anti-HIV Drugs
An Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance, Antiviral Activity, and Pharmacokinetics of Emtricitabine in Combination With Efavirenz and Didanosine in a Once-Daily Regimen in HIV Infected, Antiretroviral Therapy Naive or Very Limited Antiretroviral Exposed Pediatric Subjects
Treatment of HIV-infected patients involves combining drugs from different classes of anti-HIV drugs. One preferred regimen for adults is 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and 1 protease inhibitor (PI). For children, this regimen may be too complicated or the drugs may be too difficult to take by mouth. The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term safety and effectiveness of daily didanosine (ddI), efavirenz (EFV), and emtricitabine (FTC) in pediatric patients who had taken few or no anti-HIV drugs.

Anti-HIV treatment options are limited for pediatric patients because combination therapies recommended for adults may not be appropriate for children or adolescents. Few PIs are available in formulations appropriate for pediatric patients, and complex dosing schedules and food requirements may be detrimental to treatment adherence. A once-daily regimen of the NRTIs ddI and FTC and the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) EFV has been shown safe and well tolerated in adults.

This Phase I/II open label study evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of a ddI, FTC, and EFV regimen in pediatric patients. All study patients were either absolutely naive to antiretroviral therapy or had received less than or equal to 56 days perinatal prophylaxis or less than 7 days of cumulative antiretroviral therapy prior to study entry, and had a plasma screening plasma HIV-1 RNA levels >= 5000 copies/mL. This study was written to characterize the disposition of FTC, determine the PK data for ddI-EC QD, comparing the bio-availability of the enteric coated formulation with ddI pediatric powder for oral solution, and to provide insight into the age related pharmacokinetics differences observed in this and other studies.

HIV infected pediatric patients were stratified into three age Groups: Group 1: 90 days to <3 years of age; Group 2: 3 years to 12 years of age (inclusive); and Group 3: 13 to 21 years of age (inclusive). The initial study doses for the triple drug regimen was FTC, 6 mk/kg up to a maximum of 200 mg once daily, for EFV, the dose for age Group 1 was determined in PACTG 382 and dose adjusted for body size, and the doses for age Groups 2 and 3 were defined in the dosing table of the protocol of up to a maximum of 600 mg once daily as a capsule or 720 mg as an oral solution; for ddI, 240 mg/m2 up to a maximum of 400 mg once daily. Comparison of age groups was not required as per the protocol.

Patients were followed for a maximum of 192 weeks; all patients were to receive ddI, EFV, and FTC together once daily. Study visits occurred at study entry, Weeks 2,and 4, and every 4 weeks thereafter. Blood collection, medical history assessment, and a physical exam occurred at all visits; urine collection occurred at selected visits. Intensive pharmacokinetic (PK) studies was done at Weeks 2 and 12 to determine if dose adjustments were required for any of the drugs. If virologic failure was determined, PK studies was repeated 4 weeks after adjustments in therapy. Parents or guardians were asked to complete treatment adherence questionnaires at some visits. Some patients were also asked to participate in an additional PK study after Week 16 or week 96.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description:
open-label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Didanosine (ddI)
    Antiretroviral Didanosine (ddI) : 240 mg/m^2 up to a maximum of 400 mg once daily
    Other Name: Videx, Videx EC
  • Drug: Efavirenz (EFV)
    Antiretroviral For Age Group 1 Efavirenz (EFV): dose adjusted for body size and for Age Groups 2 and 3 Efavirenz (EFV): up to a maximum of 600 mg once daily as a capsule ot 720 mg as an oral solution
    Other Name: Sustiva
  • Drug: Emtricitabine (FTC)
    Antiretroviral Emtricitabine (FTC): 6 mg/Kg up to a maximum of 200 mg once daily
    Other Name: Emtriva
  • Experimental: Age Group 1: 90 days to < 3 years of age (FTC, EFV, ddI)
    Emtricitabine (FTC), Efavirenz (EFV) and Didanosine (ddI) together once daily
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Didanosine (ddI)
    • Drug: Efavirenz (EFV)
    • Drug: Emtricitabine (FTC)
  • Experimental: Age Group 2: 3 to 12 years of age (FTC, EFV, ddI)
    Emtricitabine (FTC), Efavirenz (EFV) and Didanosine (ddI) together once daily
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Didanosine (ddI)
    • Drug: Efavirenz (EFV)
    • Drug: Emtricitabine (FTC)
  • Experimental: Age Group 2: 13 to 21 years of age (FTC, EFV, ddI)
    Emtricitabine (FTC), Efavirenz (EFV) and Didanosine (ddI) together once daily
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Didanosine (ddI)
    • Drug: Efavirenz (EFV)
    • Drug: Emtricitabine (FTC)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
43
January 2009
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV infected
  • Antiretroviral naive OR have received no more than 56 days of drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV OR have received less than 7 total days of antiretroviral therapy
  • Viral load of 5,000 copies/ml or more
  • Any Center for Disease Control (CDC) classification and immune status
  • Able to swallow study medications
  • Parent or guardian willing to provide informed consent, if applicable
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception
  • female subjects of childbearing potential with a negative serum beta human chronic gonadotropin

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergic to study medications or their formulations
  • Kidney disease
  • Positive for hepatitis B or C
  • Acute opportunistic infection (OI) or bacterial infection requiring treatment at study entry
  • Taking drugs to treat tuberculosis
  • Taking anti-HIV drugs other than those included in this study
  • Hemoglobin >= grade 3 at screening
  • Absolute Neutrophil counts >= grade 2 at screening
  • Platelets >= Grade 2 at screening
  • Bilirubin >= Grade 2 at screening
  • SGOT (AST), SGPT(ALT) >= Grade 2 at screening
  • Non-fasting triglycerides >= Grade 2 at screening. Confirmed by a 2nd determination >=100 mg/dl at fasting state
  • Pancreatic amylase or total amylase+ lipase >= Grade 2 at screening
  • Taking any investigational drugs
  • Anti-cancer drugs within 1 year of study screening
  • Serious medical event within 21 days of study screening
  • Active or history of pancreatitis
  • Require certain medications. Patients requiring short courses of steroids (less than 14 days) for asthma are not excluded.
  • Active or history of significant peripheral neuropathy
  • Difficulty with food or severe chronic diarrhea within 30 days before study entry
  • Unable to eat at least 1 meal per day (or to feed at least 3 times per day, for infants) because of chronic nausea, vomiting, swallowing problems, or stomach upset
  • Unable to swallow oral medications
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
90 Days to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Puerto Rico,   United States
 
 
NCT00016718
P1021
10038 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG P1021
PACTG P1021
IMPAACT P1021
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Study Chair: Ross E. McKinney, Jr., MD Duke University
Study Chair: Mobeen H. Rathore, MD Pediatric Infectious Diseases/Immunology, University of Florida Health Science Center
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
September 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP