Creatine and Glutamine in Steroid-Naive Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00016653
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 23, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2011
Information provided by:
Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group

May 21, 2001
May 23, 2001
October 27, 2011
June 2000
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00016653 on Archive Site
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Creatine and Glutamine in Steroid-Naive Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
A Multicenter Randomized Placebo-controlled Double-blind Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Glutamine and Creatine Monohydrate in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
This study will help to determine the effectiveness of glutamine and creatine as a possible therapy for DMD. Boys with DMD who are enrolled in this trial will be randomly chosen to receive creatine monohydrate or glutamine or an inactive placebo orally for six months. Once a month during the six-month treatment period, the study participants will have their muscle strength evaluated using manual and computerized testing methods. This study will be conducted at several CINRG Centers throughout the U.S., Belgium, Israel and Puerto Rico. This study is supported by the Muscular Dystrophy Association.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The purpose of this study is to see if children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) who are given glutamine (a nutritional supplement) or creatine monohydrate (a nutritional supplement) have changes in strength compared to children who are given no medicinal treatment. Children who are chosen to be in this research study will be diagnosed with DMD, be between the ages of 5 and 10 years old, and will not have participated in any other DMD clinical trials within the last year, and will not have been on medications that disqualify them from participation in this trial. All children in this clinical trial are entered at the discretion of the doctors in charge of the study. During the first and second visits, children who fulfill the criteria for participation in the clinical trial will be determined. We expect 50 subjects to participate at CINRG centers worldwide.


Children will be randomized (a procedure like flipping a coin) into one of three groups: treated with glutamine, treated with creatine monohydrate, or untreated (placebo: a sugar pill with no medication). Neither parents, children, nor the doctors treating the children will know the group each child has been assigned to. Because of the study design, there is a possibility that children will receive no treatment (placebo group) during the clinical trial. During the trial children must take one supplement mixed with water in the morning and supplements mixed with water each night.

Nine (9) clinic visits are required to complete this clinical trial. During visits to the clinic, each child will be evaluated by members of the research team to determine the child?s strength. Strength will be measured in different ways: manual testing, quantitative testing, and the usual measures used during visits to the neurologist (child will be asked to rise from the floor, walk across room, etc.). Manual testing is the way strength is usually measured by your child?s doctor. The quantitative muscle strength test (QMT) is a mechanical way to measure strength: the child sits/lays on an examining table and is asked to pull/push a strap. This test will determine the strength of different muscle groups in kilograms of force. An electrocardiogram (ECG, a heart test) will be performed during screening visit 2 and month 6 and blood (a small amount equal to about 2 to 3 tablespoons) will be drawn on screening visit 2 and months 1, 3 and 6. Urine tests will be done at screening visit 2 nd months 1, 3 and 6 to monitor kidney function.

Phase 2
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
  • Drug: Creatine Monohydrate
  • Drug: Glutamine
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Escolar DM, Buyse G, Henricson E, Leshner R, Florence J, Mayhew J, Tesi-Rocha C, Gorni K, Pasquali L, Patel KM, McCarter R, Huang J, Mayhew T, Bertorini T, Carlo J, Connolly AM, Clemens PR, Goemans N, Iannaccone ST, Igarashi M, Nevo Y, Pestronk A, Subramony SH, Vedanarayanan VV, Wessel H; CINRG Group. CINRG randomized controlled trial of creatine and glutamine in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Ann Neurol. 2005 Jul;58(1):151-5.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
December 2006
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  • Aged 5 - 9 years old
  • Able to walk without assistance
  • Diagnosis of DMD confirmed by one of the following:
  • a) Positive X-linked family history; or
  • b) Dystrophin immunofluorescence and/or immunoblot, which shows complete dystrophin deficiency, and clinical picture consistent with DMD; or
  • c) Gene deletion test positive in the central rod domain (exons 25 - 60) of dystrophin, where reading frame can be predicted as 'out-of-frame', and clinical picture consistent with DMD.
  • Glucocorticosteroid-naive (i.e. has not been treated with prednisone or deflazacort within 1 year before the study began), or has been involved in other therapeutic research protocol within the last year
  • Forced Vital Capacity (a lung function test) > 50% of predicted value
  • Evidence of muscle weakness by MRC score or clinical functional evaluation
  • MRC (manual muscle test) score variability no greater than 10% between screening visits 1 and 2


  • Failure to achieve any of the criteria listed above
  • Symptomatic DMD carrier
  • Symptomatic cardiomyopathy or ventricular arrhythmias
  • Previous (6 months or less) or current use of glutamine or creatine (for DMD or any other indication)
  • Use of carnitine, other amino acids, coenzyme Q10, or any herbal medicines within the last month
  • History of significant concomitant illness or significant impairment of renal or hepatic function
  • Evidence of allergy to chocolate or milk solids (substances will be delivered in a powdered hot cocoa mixture)
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
5 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Belgium,   Israel,   Puerto Rico
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Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group
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Study Director: Diana M Escolar, MD Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group
Study Director: Gunnar Buyse, MD, PhD Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group
Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group
October 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP