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Ritonavir and Indinavir in Children Failing Other Anti-HIV Treatment

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00012519
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

March 10, 2001
August 31, 2001
May 21, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00012519 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Ritonavir and Indinavir in Children Failing Other Anti-HIV Treatment
A Phase I/II Trial of Ritonavir and Indinavir in Children Failing Other Antiretroviral Therapy
Both ritonavir (RTV) and indinavir (IDV) are approved by the FDA to treat HIV, but IDV has not been approved for use in children and the doses for the combination of the two drugs has not been studied in children. The purpose of this study is to find a combination of RTV and IDV that is safe, well tolerated, and produces drug levels in the blood of children that are comparable to effective drug levels in the blood of adults. The effectiveness of the drug combination in decreasing the amount of virus in the body will also be studied. The children enrolled in this study will have high HIV viral loads despite taking anti-HIV drugs.

Combination regimens of RTV and IDV in adults offer the benefit of two potent antiretroviral agents, convenience of twice-daily dosing, unrestricted timing of meals, and fewer renal complications. There are limited, largely anecdotal data from children suggesting that initial virologic response can also be attained in children given IDV with RTV, but there are not sufficient pharmacokinetic data to define appropriate dose regimens. This study will evaluate the clinical feasibility of a combination RTV and IDV regimen for children.

Patients will be stratified on the basis of age/Tanner stage and ability to swallow intact capsules. Patients will be randomized to either Balanced Dose or Low Dose RTV treatment arms. Patients in the Balanced Dose Arm will receive RTV and IDV in approximately equal doses. The Low Dose RTV Arm will receive a dosing ratio of RTV:IDV of approximately 1:3. Patients will have scheduled study visits every 4 weeks for 6 months, then every 3 months for approximately 18 months. Study visits will consist of a medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. Patients will have intensive pharmacokinetic analysis at Week 4 (or 2 weeks after a stable dose of study drugs has been reached) and Week 16. Study visits that include pharmacokinetic analysis will last 9 to 13 hours.

At each study visit, patients will be closely assessed for drug toxicity and virologic response. At the end of the study, patients with good virologic response and no evidence of toxicity may choose to enter a 48 week extension phase and continue taking the combination regimen.

Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: indinavir sulfate
  • Drug: ritonavir
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2005
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Inclusion Criteria

  • HIV infection
  • HIV RNA levels > 10,000 copies/ml within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Anti-HIV drug therapy failure while on the same anti-HIV drugs for more than 16 weeks
  • Body size above a certain limit (body surface area > 0.48 m2)
  • Acceptable methods of contraception
  • Consent of parent or legal guardian

Exclusion Criteria

  • Unable to determine HIV genotypic resistance
  • HIV resistant to IDV or RTV at study screening
  • Previously received IDV and RTV at the same time
  • Need treatment with any medication prohibited by the study
  • Glucocorticoids for more than 14 days at study entry
  • Cancer requiring chemotherapy
  • Drugs affecting the immune system, other than IVIG, within 3 months of study entry
  • Certain abnormal laboratory results at study entry
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Unable to be followed at a PACTG center during the trial
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
2 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Puerto Rico,   United States
10191 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG P1013
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Study Chair: Ellen Chadwick
Study Chair: Ram Yogev
Study Chair: Stephen Pelton
Study Chair: Elaine Abrams
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP