Preclinical and human pharmacokinetic data suggest that DPC 083 can be administered once daily and provide trough plasma concentrations of free drug that will suppress replication of HIV-1, including strains containing key resistance mutations observed after failure of treatment with currently available NNRTIs. This study will provide an assessment of safety and a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of DPC 083 when administered at a dose of 100 mg once daily in combination with 2 NRTIs, in a population of HIV-1-infected patients who are failing treatment with an NNRTI-containing regimen.
Patients receive DPC 083 once daily in combination with 2 NRTIs. The 2 NRTIs are selected by the investigators, based on HIV-1 genotyping results. Analyses for patient safety and drug efficacy are done at Weeks 8, 24, and 48 using results from clinical laboratory tests and physical exams. Patients continue to receive DPC 083 and NRTIs until the last patient enrolled in the study completes 48 weeks of treatment. Patients return for post-therapy follow-up visits at 1 and 3 months following early termination or study completion. Some patients may participate in a substudy which evaluates changes in HIV-1 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).