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Thrombotic, Inflammatory & Gene Markers of CVD in Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006539
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 28, 2000
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date November 28, 2000
First Posted Date November 28, 2000
Last Update Posted Date March 16, 2016
Study Start Date September 1999
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006539 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Thrombotic, Inflammatory & Gene Markers of CVD in Women
Official Title Not Provided
Brief Summary To evaluate a series of thrombotic, inflammatory, and genetic markers for myocardial infarction among participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS).
Detailed Description

BACKGROUND:

Over the past 50 years, considerable progress has been made in understanding factors that stimulate the development of atherosclerosis and other manifestations of "preclinical cardiovascular disease," and in documenting the 2- to 4-fold higher risk of subsequent myocardial infarction or other morbid events in asymptomatic individuals with such pathological transformations in arteries or the heart. However, much less information is available about the factors ("triggers") that precipitate morbid and mortal events in high-risk individuals. Recent work by Paul Ridker and colleagues and other groups has identified associations between the presence of markers of prothrombotic tendencies, inflammation and immune activation and myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. However, most available data have been obtained in men and less is known about the relevance of these newer risk factors and potential "triggers" to stimulation of atherosclerosis and precipitation of CVD events in women. In this context, research to examine the relation of both relatively new and potentially novel "triggers" to subsequent myocardial infarction in women is of considerable potential clinical and biological significance.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Drs. Ridker and colleagues comprehensively evaluated a series of thrombotic, inflammatory, and genetic markers for myocardial infarction (MI) among participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), a prospective cohort study of over 90,000 ethnically representative post-menopausal American women aged 50-79 years. Employing a prospective nested case-control design, they assayed baseline plasma and buffy coat samples for nine markers of increased thrombotic potential (tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), total plasma homocysteine, prothrombin fragment F1+2, D-dimer, APC-R, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and sICAM-1) to determine whether elevations of these parameters led to future MI or coronary death. They also explored common genetic polymorphisms in the tPA, PAI-1, MTHFR, thrombomodulin, prothrombin, and factor V genes so that both inherited and environmental determinants of coronary thrombosis in women could simultaneously be evaluated. Case subjects were WHI-OS participants who were free of cardiovascular disease at study entry and subsequently developed a documented MI or coronary death during follow-up (N = 650). Control subjects were selected from study participants who remained free of disease during follow-up; controls were 1:1 matched to cases by age, smoking status, ethnicity, and follow-up time. Data on usual risk factors, hormone replacement therapy, and standard lipid profiles were used to evaluate for potential confounding and effect modification. The analyses took advantage of a unique and unprecedented blood bank from a well-characterized, ethnically diverse, large-scale cohort of post-menopausal women with ongoing follow-up and high quality endpoint verification, thereby providing an efficient way to critically evaluate the hypothesized roles of hemostasis, thrombosis and inflammation as risk factors for future MI and coronary death among American women.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Not Provided
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Not Provided
Study Population Not Provided
Condition
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Heart Diseases
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Postmenopause
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Completed
Enrollment Not Provided
Original Enrollment Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date August 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria No eligibility criteria
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages 50 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT00006539
Other Study ID Numbers 952
R01HL063293 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Investigator: Paul Ridker Brigham and Women's Hospital
PRS Account National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Verification Date March 2005