Yttrium Y 90 SMT 487 in Treating Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006368
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

October 4, 2000
April 2, 2004
May 1, 2013
January 1998
November 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006368 on Archive Site
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Yttrium Y 90 SMT 487 in Treating Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Cancer
A Phase I, Open-Label, Maximum Tolerated Single-Cycle and Four-Cycle Dose-Finding Study to Evaluation the Safety and Tolerability of 90Y-SMT 487 Administered by Intravenous Infusion to Subjects With Refractory Somatostatin-Receptor Positive Tumors

RATIONALE: Radiolabeled drugs such as yttrium Y 90 SMT 487 can locate tumor cells and deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of yttrium Y 90 SMT 487 in treating patients who have refractory or recurrent cancer.

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of yttrium Y 90-SMT 487 in patients with recurrent malignant neoplasms that prove positive for somatostatin receptors. II. Determine the safety and lifetime serious adverse event profile of this regimen in these patients. II. Determine the antitumor effect and the effect of repeated administrations on the renal excretion pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients undergo octreotide scintigraphy to determine the location of somatostatin receptors. Patients then receive yttrium Y 90-SMT 487 IV over 15 minutes on day 1. Treatment continues every 6 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients each are entered on course I (vertical dose escalation) and courses II, III, and IV (horizontal dose escalation). Cohorts receive escalating doses of yttrium Y 90-SMT 487 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. MTDs are determined for a single course and for 4 courses. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which no more than 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicities. Results of course I determine the dosage of subsequent courses. Patients are evaluated on days 2 and 7, and at weeks 4 and 6, following each injection of yttrium Y 90-SMT 487. Patients are followed at 12 and 18 months and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 20 patients will be accrued for this study.

Phase 1
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Breast Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
  • Islet Cell Tumor
  • Lung Cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Melanoma (Skin)
  • Neoplastic Syndrome
Radiation: yttrium Y 90-edotreotide
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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November 2003
November 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed, progressive malignant neoplasm Clinical diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) types I and II allowed Tumors positive for somatostatin receptors by octreotide scintigraphy, such as: Pituitary Brain Endocrine pancreatic Lymphoma Carcinoid Melanoma Small cell lung Breast Disease not amenable to standard treatment OR Failed existing first and second line therapies (failed at least 1 regimen in the case of small cell lung cancer) Bone disease (no diffuse bone marrow involvement), pleural effusions, and ascites allowed

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Course I: Karnofsky 50-100% Courses II-IV: Karnofsky 30-100% Life expectancy: At least 6 months and no greater than 2.5 years (for course I only) Hematopoietic: Course I: Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Courses II-IV: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min Cardiovascular: No history of congestive heart failure unless ejection fraction at least 40% Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after study No other concurrent malignancy except MEN I or II or squamous cell skin cancer No concurrent significant, uncontrolled, medical, psychiatric, or surgical condition that would preclude study (course 1)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy Greater than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 4 months since prior long acting somatostatin analogue Concurrent hormonal therapy (except somatostatin analogues) allowed if started at least 2 months previously Radiotherapy: Greater than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy No prior radiotherapy to at least 25% of bone marrow Surgery: Greater than 4 weeks since prior surgery Other: Greater than 4 weeks since prior investigational drugs No other concurrent investigational drug therapy No other concurrent antineoplastic therapy Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
CDR0000068241 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
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Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
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Study Chair: Larry K. Kvols, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
April 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP