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Ondansetron in Treating Patients With Advanced Cancer and Chronic Nausea and Vomiting Not Caused by Cancer Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006348
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 25, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 4, 2000
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 25, 2004
Last Update Posted Date July 6, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2001   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 14, 2015)
response [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Ondansetron in Treating Patients With Advanced Cancer and Chronic Nausea and Vomiting Not Caused by Cancer Treatment
Official Title  ICMJE Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial of Ondansetron in the Control of Chronic Nausea and Vomiting Not Due to Antineoplastic Therapy in Patients With Advanced Cancer
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs, such as ondansetron, may help to reduce or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients with advanced cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well ondansetron works compared to a placebo in treating patients with advanced cancer and chronic nausea and vomiting that is not caused by cancer therapy.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the antiemetic effect of ondansetron vs placebo in patients with advanced cancer who suffer from chronic nausea and emesis that is not due to antineoplastic therapy (i.e., chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy). II. Determine the toxicity of ondansetron in these patients. III. Evaluate the use of other concurrent antiemetics in these patients when treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to abdominal carcinomatosis (yes vs no), renal insufficiency (creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL vs creatinine at least 2.0 mg/dL), type of cancer (brain vs gastrointestinal vs other), and narcotic use (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive oral ondansetron twice daily on days 1-7 and oral placebo twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily on days 1-7 and oral ondansetron twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients (50 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Condition  ICMJE
  • Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Precancerous Condition
  • Small Intestine Cancer
  • Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
  • Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: ondansetron
  • Other: placebo
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Arm 1: ondansetron + placebo
    Patients receive oral ondansetron twice daily on days 1-7 and oral placebo twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: ondansetron
    • Other: placebo
  • Experimental: Arm 2: ondansetron + placebo
    Patients receive oral placebo twice daily on days 1-7 and oral ondansetron twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: ondansetron
    • Other: placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 14, 2015)
100
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2001   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of incurable cancer with chronic nausea and vomiting lasting at least 1 week that is not due to antineoplastic therapy (i.e., chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy) Nausea not adequately controlled by standard antiemetics

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled hypertension Other: Not pregnant or nursing Able to take oral medication (feeding tube allowed) Able to swallow own saliva No prior phenylketonuria No known allergy or intolerance to 5-HT3 receptor antagonists No bowel obstruction

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 weeks since prior cytotoxic systemic therapy No concurrent cytotoxic systemic therapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy to gastrointestinal tract No concurrent radiotherapy to gastrointestinal tract Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 2 weeks since prior 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (i.e., dolasetron, granisetron, or ondansetron) No other concurrent 5-HT3 receptor antagonists Other concurrent antiemetics allowed

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00006348
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NCCTG-989201
CDR0000068205 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-P00-0168
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Steven R. Alberts, MD Mayo Clinic
PRS Account Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Verification Date July 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP