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Interferon Alfa Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006249
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2015 by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 11, 2000
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted Date February 10, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2012)
distant-metastasis free-survival (DMFS) [ Time Frame: from randomization ]
distant-metastasis free-survival (DMFS) after randomization
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2012)
  • survival [ Time Frame: from randomization till death ]
    duration of survival: time from randomization until death, whatever the cause
  • toxicity [ Time Frame: from randomization ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: July 19, 2012)
quality of life [ Time Frame: from randomization ]
Quality of life evaluation
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Interferon Alfa Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma
Official Title  ICMJE PEG-Intron Observation After Regional Lymph Node Dissection in AJCC Stage III (TxN1-2MO) Melanoma Patients: a Randomized Phase III Trial
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells. It is not yet known if this treatment is more effective than observation following surgery for stage III melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of interferon alfa in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage III melanoma.

Detailed Description


  • Compare the effect of adjuvant therapy with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation, in terms of distant metastases-free survival, in patients with previously resected stage III melanoma.
  • Compare the overall survival in these patients after treatment with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation.
  • Determine the toxicity of pegylated interferon alfa in these patients.
  • Determine the compliance of these patients treated with pegylated interferon alfa.
  • Compare the quality of life in these patients after treatment with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to type of nodal involvement (N1 vs N2), number of positive nodes (1 vs 2-4 vs 5 or more vs not assessed), Breslow primary (T1-2 vs T3 vs T4 vs unknown), ulceration of primary tumor (absent vs present vs unknown), sex, and center. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive pegylated interferon alfa subcutaneously weekly for 5 years.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo observation only. Treatment continues in the absence of distant metastases or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, and then at months 3, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60.

Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,200 patients (600 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 1.5-2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Melanoma (Skin)
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: pegylated interferon alfa
  • Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • No Intervention: observation
    5 years observation + 5 years follow up
  • Experimental: pegylated interferon alfa
    5 years pegylated interferon alfa + 5 years follow up
    • Biological: pegylated interferon alfa
    • Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2012)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE


  • Histologically confirmed previously resected stage III primary cutaneous melanoma or unknown primary with regional lymph node involvement

    • N1 disease

      • Microscopic, nonpalpable nodal involvement
      • Primary melanoma of any stage with clinically inapparent N1 regional lymph node metastases (T1-4, N1, M0) detected by elective lymph node dissection or sentinel node biopsy
    • N2 disease

      • Palpable nodal involvement with synchronous primary melanoma or apparent nodal disease after prior excision (any pT, N2, M0)
    • Regional lymph node recurrence at any interval after surgery for primary melanoma of any depth (T1-4, rN2, M0)
  • Complete resection of primary melanoma with adequate surgical margins
  • Full lymphadenectomy must be performed within 70 days of study
  • No mucous membrane melanoma or ocular melanoma
  • No evidence of distant or nonregional lymph node metastases or in transit metastases (even if previously resected)
  • No incompletely resected disease due to gross extracapsular extension



  • 18 to 70

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL


  • SGOT and SGPT less than 2 times upper limit of normal
  • No active hepatitis


  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL


  • No severe cardiovascular disease including the following:

    • Arrhythmias requiring chronic treatment
    • Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV)
    • Symptomatic ischemic heart disease


  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except surgically cured nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No thyroid dysfunction unresponsive to therapy
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • No active autoimmune disease
  • No active and/or uncontrolled infection
  • No history of neuropsychiatric disorder requiring hospitalization
  • No known active alcohol or drug abuse
  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior interferon alfa
  • No prior immunotherapy for melanoma
  • No other concurrent immunologic or biologic therapy
  • No concurrent colony stimulating factors including epoetin alfa and filgrastim (G-CSF)


  • No prior chemotherapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior hormonal therapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent hormonal therapy
  • No concurrent chronic systemic corticosteroid therapy


  • No prior radiotherapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from any prior recent surgery


  • At least 30 days since other prior experimental therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Croatia,   Czech Republic,   Estonia,   France,   Germany,   Israel,   Italy,   Netherlands,   Poland,   Portugal,   Slovenia,   Spain,   Switzerland,   Turkey,   United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00006249
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE EORTC-18991
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Alexander M. M. Eggermont, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
PRS Account European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Verification Date February 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP