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Budesonide in Treating Former and Current Smokers With Bronchial Dysplasia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005880
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 25, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2008
Information provided by:

June 2, 2000
February 25, 2004
July 24, 2008
July 2000
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00005880 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Budesonide in Treating Former and Current Smokers With Bronchial Dysplasia
A Phase II Trial of Inhaled Budesonide (Pulmicort Turbuhaler) in Persons With Dysplasia of the Bronchial Epithelium

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of budesonide may be an effective way to prevent bronchial dysplasia.

PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase II trial to determine the effectiveness of budesonide in treating former or current smokers who have bronchial dysplasia.

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of inhaled budesonide on the number and grade of bronchial epithelial dysplastic lesions in former and current smokers. II. Compare the effect of inhaled budesonide vs placebo in modulating several intermediate biomarkers (i.e., proliferation, apoptosis, morphometric, and methylation markers) in this patient population. III. Correlate the regression of bronchial dysplasia (number and grade) and improvement in sputum cytology (morphometric grade of atypical cells) with the modulations in molecular biomarkers in this patient population. IV. Compare the stability of the chemopreventive effect of these treatment regimens at six months after completion of these regimens in these patients. V. Compare the safety of these treatment regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to gender, smoking status (current vs former), and morphometric index (no greater than 3.4 vs greater than 3.4). Patients are randomized into one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive inhaled budesonide twice daily. Arm II: Patients receive an inhaled placebo twice daily. Treatment continues for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at 7 months and 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 110 patients (55 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 15 months.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Lung Cancer
Drug: budesonide
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed mild, moderate, or severe bronchial dysplasia More than one suspicious area of abnormal fluorescence on bronchoscopy If only one abnormal area, lesion must be greater than 1.5 mm Current or ex-smokers who have smoked at least 30 pack years (e.g., 1 pack per day for at least 30 years) Sputum cells with morphometric index at least 7 by computer-assisted image analysis No invasive cancer on bronchoscopy or abnormal chest x-ray suspicious of lung cancer

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 40 to 74 Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: No bleeding disorder Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No unstable angina or congestive heart failure Pulmonary: No active pulmonary tuberculosis No acute bronchitis or pneumonia No acute or chronic respiratory failure Other: No history of allergy to budesonide or lactose No known reaction to lidocaine Ability to reliably take medication Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: At least 6 months since prior oral glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone) At least 6 months since prior inhaled glucocorticoids (e.g., budesonide, Beclovent, or Becloforte) Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
40 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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British Columbia Cancer Agency
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Stephen Lam, MD British Columbia Cancer Agency
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
July 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP