AIDS-Associated Heart Disease -- Incidence and Etiology
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 25, 2000|
|Last Updated Date||June 23, 2005|
|Start Date ICMJE||July 1988|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||AIDS-Associated Heart Disease -- Incidence and Etiology|
|Official Title ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Summary||To detect by Doppler echocardiography the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in HIV-positive patients in a prospective, longitudinal study.|
Cardiovascular abnormalities have been reported in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) clinically, echocardiographically and at autopsy. Pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, echocardiographic abnormalities and clinical cardiomyopathy with right and left-sided congestive heart failure have all been reported as isolated case reports or in small retrospective series of patients with AIDS who had echocardiograms. The frequency with which abnormalities specifically related to AIDS were found in consecutively studied patients was not known in 1988 when the study began.
The etiology of these abnormalities was also unclear. Since HIV infection resulted in profound suppression of T-cell macrophage-mediated immunity in AIDS and since there were significant abnormalities in B-cell lymphocyte function resulting in abnormalities of humoral immunity, there were frequently life threatening superinfections by bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral organisms. Some of these, such as herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus, cryptococcosis, toxoplasmosis and histoplasmosis, were known to cause pericarditis and myocarditis in the absence of AIDS so the presence of definite myocardial disease in AIDS did not prove that the disease was due to the HIV organism.
Using echocardiography to study cardiac structure and function in a small series of patients with AIDS, abnormalities have been identified in from 25 to 75 percent of patients. All of these studies were retrospective; none was prospective with controls. Furthermore, all types of echocardiographic abnormalities have been described including the presence of pericardial fluid, mitral valve prolapse, chamber size abnormalities, and wall motion abnormalities. Although these abnormalities could have been due to infection with the HIV organism there were many other possible reasons for the echocardiographic abnormalities. Among AIDS patients there was a high incidence of intravenous drug and alcohol abuse, patients in whom cardiac abnormalities were common.
Since there were no echocardiographic studies comparing HIV antibody- positive groups of patients to appropriate controls, it was not known whether the high reported incidence of echocardiographic abnormalities was related specifically to the HIV infection, to superinfection with other organisms, or was related to factors other than AIDS.
This project was part of an Institute-initiated study on AIDS-Associated Heart Disease in Adults. In September 1987 the concept was approved by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council and a Request for Applications was released. Awards were made in July 1988.
Patients were recruited from the in-patient out-patient clinics and wards of the San Francisco General Hospital and the Moffitt-Long Hospitals. A medical history was obtained and a physical examination conducted which included an electrocardiogram, chest x-rays and Doppler echocardiogram. All studies were repeated every four months for four years in HIV-positive groups. If clinical evidence of cardiac disease appeared, all studies including chest x-ray were repeated at that time. If there was normal systolic function in patients with definite left ventricular failure, a radionuclide angiogram was obtained to further evaluate left ventricular diastolic function.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||June 1993|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||No eligibility criteria|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00005228|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||1108|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Verification Date||December 2001|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP