Phase II Randomized Study of Cidofovir for Peripheral Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004794
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 25, 2000
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Northwestern University
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)

February 24, 2000
February 25, 2000
June 24, 2005
March 1995
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Phase II Randomized Study of Cidofovir for Peripheral Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
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OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenous cidofovir in patients with small peripheral cytomegalovirus retinitis.

II. Obtain safety and efficacy data related to different dosages of cidofovir.

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Cidofovir is administered intravenously. Treatment ideally begins within 24 hours of randomization.

In the first group, therapy is deferred until disease progression. Patients are then treated according to best medical judgement, which includes the option of cidofovir therapy.

The second group receives induction with cidofovir every 7 days for 2 weeks, then begins maintenance with a low dose given every 14 days until dose-limiting toxicity or disease progression occurs.

The third group receives the same cidofovir induction followed by a high maintenance dose given every 14 days until dose-limiting toxicity or disease progression occurs.

Probenecid and intravenous hydration are administered concurrently with cidofovir.

Patients are followed for progression and survival every 2 weeks for 23 weeks, then every 12 weeks. At disease progression, patients may be re-treated with another course of induction and maintenance.

Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Drug: cidofovir
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
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--Disease Characteristics--

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Meets Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definition
  • Peripheral cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis Diagnosed by ophthalmologist certified by the Study of Ocular Complications of AIDS group At least 1 lesion measuring at least 25% of disc on photograph No lesion within zone 1 No lesion involving 25% or more of retina regardless of location
  • Visual acuity in affected eye 3 or more lines on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart at 1 meter Snellen equivalent 8/200
  • No retinal detachment in affected eye
  • No media opacity that precludes visualization of fundus in both eyes
  • No extraocular CMV disease

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

  • No prior or concurrent anti-CMV therapy, i.e.: Ganciclovir Foscarnet CMV hyperimmune immunoglobulin Other investigational agents with anti-CMV activity
  • Prior CMV prophylaxis allowed
  • At least 7 days since nephrotoxic drugs, including: Amphotericin B Vidarabine Aminoglycoside antibiotics Intravenous pentamidine

--Patient Characteristics--

  • Age: 13 to 60
  • Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100%
  • Hematopoietic: ANC at least 750 Platelets at least 50,000 Hemoglobin greater than 7.5 g/dL
  • Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 3.0 mg/dL Transaminases no greater than 5 times normal
  • Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Proteinuria less than 1+ No clinically significant renal disease No dialysis
  • Cardiovascular: No clinically significant cardiac disease, including: Ischemia Congestive heart failure Arrhythmia
  • Other:

No probenecid allergy No medical problems sufficient to hinder compliance with therapy or follow- up, including drug or alcohol abuse No pregnant or nursing women Negative serum pregnancy test required of fertile women Adequate birth control required of fertile patients during and for 3 months after study

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
13 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Northwestern University
Study Chair: David V. Weinberg Northwestern University
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
January 1998

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP