Vitamin Therapy for Prevention of Stroke

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004734
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 28, 2000
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

February 25, 2000
February 28, 2000
June 24, 2005
September 1996
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No Changes Posted
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Vitamin Therapy for Prevention of Stroke
Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention
A stroke occurs when part of the brain is damaged from lack of normal blood supply. This may result in difficulty with feeling, speech, muscle strength or coordination, movement, thinking, or other brain functions. Having a stroke increases the risk of another stroke occurring in the future. Higher blood levels of a natural chemical known as homocysteine may contribute to hardening of the arteries in the brain or heart and increase the risk of stroke or heart attack. Folic acid, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) may lower blood levels of homocysteine and reduce the risk of having another stroke or a heart attack.
The incidence of a second stroke in patients who have had a first stroke is between 7 and 10 percent per year. Myocardial infarction (heart attack) as a complication of stroke adds to stroke death and disability. Because homocysteine may be a major contributor to stroke, its reduction by appropriate intervention with vitamin supplements could reduce the impact of recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and vascular death. The purpose of this trial is to determine whether a multivitamin containing high-dose folic acid, pyridoxine, and cyanocobalamin, in addition to best medical/surgical management and risk factor modification, reduces the recurrence of stroke or occurrence of myocardial infarction in stroke patients with elevated homocysteine levels.
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Stroke
  • Cerebral Infarction
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Drug: pyridoxine
  • Drug: cyanocobalamin
  • Drug: folic acid multivitamin
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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February 2004
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any stroke (non-disabling cerebral infarction, NDCI) < 120 days prior to randomization
  • Symptoms lasting > 24 hrs, or if < 24 hrs, CT or MRI shows new infarction at expected site
  • Modified Rankin score < 3
  • Homocysteine level > the 25th percentile, ie, 9.5 mol/L for men, and 8.5 mol/L for women
  • Patient compliance with multivitamin during run-in phase > 75%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stroke due to: intracranial hemorrhage, dissection of a cervico-cephalic artery, veno-occlusive disease, drug abuse, vasculitis
  • CT or MRI shows lesion other than infarction as cause of syndrome
  • Modified Rankin score of 4 or 5 at eligibility
  • Presence of potential sources of cardiogenic emboli: atrial fibrillation, prosthetic cardiac valve, intracardiac thrombus or neoplasm, valvular vegetation
  • Neurologic illness other than stroke that would prevent proper evaluation of recurrent stroke
  • Illness that limits life expectancy to < 2 years
  • Severe congestive heart failure
  • Renal insufficiency requiring dialysis
  • Untreated B12 deficiency or untreated pernicious anemia
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic >185 mm/Hg or diastolic >105 mm/Hg on two readings separated by 5 min.) at eligibility
  • Conditions preventing reliable participation in study: refractory depression, severe cognitive impairment, alcoholism, other substance abuse
  • Medications given within last 30 days that affect homocysteine: methotrexate, tamoxifen, L-dopa, phenytoin, or bile acid sequestrants that can decrease folate levels
  • Women of childbearing potential
  • Patients receiving active intervention in another trial
  • Patients on multi-vitamins, single B6, or folic acid, unless willing to discontinue and take study supplement
  • Any surgical procedure, invasive cardiac instrumentation, endarterectomy, stent placement, thrombectomy or other endovascular treatment of abnormal carotid artery performed within 30 days prior to randomization or scheduled within 30 days after randomization
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
35 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
R01NS034447( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
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National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
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Principal Investigator: James F. Toole, M.D. Wake Forest University
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
April 2004

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP