Doxorubicin and Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004248
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 31, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2011
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

January 28, 2000
March 31, 2004
March 7, 2011
July 1999
June 2000   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00004248 on Archive Site
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Doxorubicin and Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
A Low Dose Schedule of Adriamycin and Protracted Infusion of Recombinant Interleukin-2: A Phase II Study of Immunotherapy in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill liver cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of doxorubicin and interleukin- 2 in treating patients who have liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the immunological response to doxorubicin and protracted recombinant interleukin-2 in terms of alterations in hepatocellular carcinoma specific cytotoxic T cells detectable in peripheral blood in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. II. Determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen in this patient population. III. Determine the tumor response to this regimen in terms of changes in alpha fetoprotein and tumor size measured by CT scan in these patients. IV. Determine the progression free survival and overall survival of this patient population treated with this regimen. V. Determine the correlation between immunological response, tumor response, progression free survival and overall survival in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive doxorubicin IV over 3-5 minutes on day 1 and recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2) IV continuously beginning on day 5 and continuing until day 57. Patients achieving partial or complete clinical response regardless of immunological response and patients with stable disease and an immunological response continue on IL-2 therapy continuously until day 92. Patients with stable disease and no immunological response receive an additional dose of doxorubicin on day 57 and then continue on IL-2 until day 92. Patients who are clinically eligible with progressive disease and an immunological response continue IL-2 therapy as above. Patients are followed at 2 weeks and then monthly thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 24-30 patients will be accrued for this study within approximately 3 years.

Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Liver Cancer
  • Biological: aldesleukin
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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May 2001
June 2000   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven hepatocellular carcinoma OR Elevation of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) (greater than 400 ng/mL) in the presence of a space occupying lesion in the liver with known chronic liver disease Lesion must be easily biopsied Unresectable disease Bidimensionally measurable disease by radiography OR Evaluable disease with elevated AFP Okuda stage I disease Tumor size less than 50% of liver No ascites Albumin greater than 3 g/dL Bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL OR Okuda stage II disease Bilirubin as in stage I If ascites present, albumin must be greater than 3 g/dL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: Hemoglobin at least 9.0 g/dL Neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 80,000/mm3 Hepatic: See Disease Characteristics SGOT/SGPT no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal Any cause of underlying liver disease including hepatitis B or C allowed Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No poor cardiac function No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months No poorly controlled arrhythmia No congestive heart failure LVEF at least 45% by MUGA Other: No active hepatic encephalopathy No other active malignancies except curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix HIV negative No immunodeficiency Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior immunotherapy, including interferon Chemotherapy: No prior systemic or intra arterial doxorubicin At least 6 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 4 weeks since prior investigational therapy

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Lawrance Liechman,MD, Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
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Study Chair: Lawrence P. Leichman, MD Albany Medical College
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
March 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP