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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Dexrazoxane in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Nonmetastatic Osteosarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003937
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 1, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 9, 2004
Last Update Posted Date August 5, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2004   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 4, 2014)
Event Free Survival
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003937 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Combination Chemotherapy Plus Dexrazoxane in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Nonmetastatic Osteosarcoma
Official Title  ICMJE Protocol for Patients With Newly-Diagnosed Non-Metastatic Osteosarcoma - A POG/CCG Pilot Intergroup Study
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. Chemoprotective drugs such as dexrazoxane may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Phase III trial to study the effectiveness of three combination chemotherapy regimens plus dexrazoxane in treating patients who have newly diagnosed nonmetastatic osteosarcoma.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of three intensification regimens (doxorubicin vs doxorubicin plus ifosfamide vs doxorubicin plus ifosfamide and etoposide) in patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated, nonmetastatic osteosarcoma. II. Determine the effect of postoperative dose intensification on outcome in patients with standard response to preoperative chemotherapy. III. Determine the effect of dexrazoxane cardioprotection during standard induction therapy on histologic response in these patients. IV. Evaluate biological factors that may predict outcome in these patients. V. Determine the safety of dexrazoxane administered with doxorubicin in combination with cisplatin or cisplatin and ifosfamide in these patients. VI. Determine the effect of dexrazoxane on cytotoxicity as measured by tumor necrosis at definitive surgery in these patients. VII. Assess the feasibility of administering doxorubicin with dexrazoxane cardioprotection or high dose ifosfamide with etoposide to standard risk patients who are also receiving methotrexate and cisplatin.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are enrolled sequentially on 1 of 3 pilot intensification regimens. After surgery to completely remove the primary tumor, patients are assigned to 1 of 2 adjuvant chemotherapy groups based on percent necrosis at limb salvage. Pilot 1: (Closed to accrual as of 6/2/2000) Patients receive dexrazoxane IV followed immediately by doxorubicin IV over 20 minutes plus cisplatin IV over 4 hours on days 1 and 2 of weeks 1 and 6. Methotrexate IV over 4 hours is administered on day 1 of weeks 4, 5, 9, and 10. Patients undergo surgery on week 11. Adjuvant chemotherapy begins on day 1 of week 13. Group 1 (good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 4 hours every 3 weeks for 6 courses, beginning on week 13. Patients also receive dexrazoxane and doxorubicin every 3 weeks for 4 courses, beginning on week 14. Cisplatin is administered with the first 2 courses of dexrazoxane and doxorubicin. Group 2 (standard response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate and cisplatin as in group 1 plus dexrazoxane and doxorubicin for 6 courses. Pilot 2: Patients receive preoperative therapy comprised of dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, and methotrexate as in pilot 1. Ifosfamide IV over 4 hours is also administered on days 1-5 of week 1. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, and doxorubicin as in pilot 1, group 1. Ifosfamide is also administered on weeks 14 and 20. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 26. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, and doxorubicin as in pilot 1, group 2. Ifosfamide is administered on weeks 14, 20, 26, and 31. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 29. Pilot 3: (Open to accrual as of 6/2/2000) Patients receive preoperative therapy comprised of methotrexate, dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2, group 1. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate on weeks 13, 19, 29, 32, 35, and 36, high dose ifosfamide and etoposide IV over 4 hours on days 1-5 of weeks 14, 23, and 26, and cisplatin on weeks 20, 30, and 33. Dexrazoxane and doxorubicin are administered on weeks 17, 20, 30, and 33. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 180 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Cardiac Toxicity
  • Sarcoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: cisplatin
    Other Names:
    • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II
    • CDDP
    • Platinol
    • NSC #119875
  • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    Other Names:
    • ADR-529
    • ZINECARD
    • ICRF-187
    • NSC #169780
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Other Names:
    • Adriamycin
    • NSC #123127
  • Drug: etoposide
    Other Names:
    • VP-16
    • VePesid
    • NSC #141540
  • Drug: ifosfamide
    Other Names:
    • IFX
    • IFOS
    • NSC #109724
  • Drug: methotrexate
    Other Names:
    • MTX
    • amethopterin
    • NSC #000740
  • Procedure: conventional surgery
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Pilot 1 - Doxorubicin Intensification without Ifosfamide
    Dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV followed by doxorubicin hydrochloride IV plus cisplatin IV on days 1 and 2 of weeks 1 and 6. Methotrexate IV on day 1 of weeks 4, 5, 9, and 10. Patients undergo surgery on week 11. Adjuvant chemotherapy begins on day 1 of week 13. Group 1 (good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 4 hours every 3 weeks for 6 courses, beginning on week 13. Patients also receive dexrazoxane and doxorubicin hydrochloride every 3 weeks for 4 courses, beginning on week 14. Cisplatin is administered with the first 2 courses of dexrazoxane and doxorubicin. Group 2 (standard response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate and cisplatin as in group 1 plus dexrazoxane and doxorubicin hydrochloride for 6 courses.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Procedure: conventional surgery
  • Experimental: Pilot 2 - Doxorubicin Intensification with Ifosfamide
    Preoperative therapy comprised of dexrazoxane hydrochloride, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and methotrexate as in pilot 1. Ifosfamide IV on days 1-5 of week 1. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane hydrochloride, and doxorubicin hydrochloride as in pilot 1, group 1. Ifosfamide is also administered on weeks 14 and 20. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 26. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane hydrochloride, and doxorubicin hydrochloride as in pilot 1, group 2. Ifosfamide is administered on weeks 14, 20, 26, and 31. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 29
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: ifosfamide
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Procedure: conventional surgery
  • Experimental: Pilot 3 - Ifosfamide/Etoposide Intensification
    Preoperative therapy comprised of methotrexate, dexrazoxane hydrochloride, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane hydrochloride, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2, group 1. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate on weeks 13, 19, 29, 32, 35, and 36, high dose ifosfamide and etoposide IV over 4 hours on days 1-5 of weeks 14, 23, and 26, and cisplatin on weeks 20, 30, and 33. Dexrazoxane hydrochloride and doxorubicin hydrochloride are administered on weeks 17, 20, 30, and 33
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: etoposide
    • Drug: ifosfamide
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Procedure: conventional surgery
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 4, 2014)
253
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2004   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven newly diagnosed moderate or high grade osteosarcoma without metastases No prior treatment, including complete resection No parosteal or periosteal sarcoma No osteosarcoma associated with Paget's disease No nonresectable tumors or tumors that may result in marginal or interlesion resection Must be enrolled on protocol POG-9851

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 30 and under Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal SGOT no greater than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine normal Phosphate at least 3.0 mg/dL without supplementation Cardiovascular: Shortening fraction at least 28% by echocardiogram If echocardiogram unsatisfactory, must have ejection fraction at least 50% No history of pericarditis or myocarditis No symptomatic arrhythmia or symptomatic cardiac conduction disturbances

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE up to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Canada,   Netherlands,   Puerto Rico,   Switzerland,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00003937
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE P9754
COG-P9754 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
POG-P9754 ( Other Identifier: Pediatric Oncology Group )
CCG-P9754 ( Other Identifier: Children's Cancer Group )
CDR0000067129 ( Other Identifier: Clinical Trials.gov )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Children's Oncology Group
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Children's Oncology Group
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Cindy Schwartz, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
PRS Account Children's Oncology Group
Verification Date August 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP