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Interferon Alfa-2b With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Melanoma That Has Metastasized to Lymph Nodes in the Neck, Under the Arm, or in the Groin

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003444
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2010
Information provided by:

November 1, 1999
May 24, 2004
January 27, 2010
October 1998
September 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003444 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Interferon Alfa-2b With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Melanoma That Has Metastasized to Lymph Nodes in the Neck, Under the Arm, or in the Groin
A Prospective Randomized Phase III Clinical Trial Assessing the Role of Post-Operative Radiotherapy Plus Adjuvant Interferon Alpha-2b in Patients With Cervical, Axillary, and Inguinal Nodal Metastasis From Cutaneous Melanoma

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Interferon alfa-2b may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy with interferon alfa-2b is more effective than giving interferon alfa-2b alone in treating melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus interferon alfa-2b with that of interferon alfa-2b alone in treating patients who have melanoma that has metastasized to lymph nodes in the neck, under the arm, or in the groin.

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the effectiveness of postoperative hypofractionated radiotherapy in combination with high dose interferon in preventing regional relapse in patients with malignant melanoma with any number of nodes with clinical extracapsular extension or previous nodal basin recurrence. II. Evaluate the effectiveness of this therapy in prolonging relapse free and overall survival in this patient population. III. Evaluate the toxicity of this therapy in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to prior nodal basin recurrence, site of disease, and extracapsular extension. Following surgery, patients are randomized to receive either interferon alfa-2b alone or five treatments of radiotherapy followed by interferon alfa-2b. Patients receive radiotherapy 2 days a week for 2.5 weeks. Patients receive interferon alfa-2b IV over 20 minutes daily for 5 days for a total of 28 days, followed by subcutaneous injections 3 times a week for 48 weeks. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 167 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Melanoma (Skin)
  • Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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September 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically documented malignant melanoma in node(s) meeting one or more of the following criteria: 1 or more lymph nodes found to contain metastatic melanoma with gross evidence of extracapsular nodal extension Nodal recurrence at the site of previous lymphadenectomy All gross cancer removed with negative margins Prior node biopsy allowed if complete nodal dissection performed Parotid involvement outside a node allowed No distant metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 125,000/mm3 Hematocrit at least 33% Hepatic: AST no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) LDH no greater than 2 times ULN Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN Bilirubin no greater than 2 times ULN If LDH or alkaline phosphatase are above normal, CT or MRI of liver required Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.8 mg/dL BUN no greater than 33 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No other prior or concurrent malignancies within 2 years, except any carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma of the breast in situ, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, atypical melanocytic hyperplasia or Clark I melanoma in situ, or basal or squamous cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interferon Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the head and neck, axillary, or inguinal areas Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior surgery

Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Group Chair, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Maury M. Rosenstein, MD UPMC Cancer Center at UPMC St. Margaret
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
January 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP