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Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases From Kidney Cancer, Melanoma, or Sarcoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003308
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: August 23, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
November 1, 1999
January 27, 2003
August 23, 2013
July 1998
September 2004   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Not Provided
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003308 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases From Kidney Cancer, Melanoma, or Sarcoma
A Phase II Trial of Radiosurgery for 1 to 3 Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases From Renal Cell, Melanoma and Sarcoma

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases from kidney cancer, melanoma, or sarcoma.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Evaluate whether the delivery of stereotactic radiosurgery without conventional whole brain radiotherapy is feasible in patients with 1-3 newly diagnosed brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, or sarcoma.
  • Determine the 3-, 6-, and 12-month radiographic and neurologic intracranial patterns of progression (i.e., original lesions vs new lesions) in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to maximum tumor diameter (2 cm vs greater than 2 cm to 3 cm vs greater than 3 cm to 4 cm).

Patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery at an assigned dose according to tumor diameter. Patients undergo MRI or CT scan at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment or until disease progression.

All other therapies are allowed after stereotactic radiosurgery except external beam whole brain radiotherapy or resection of brain metastases, unless there is documented progression or unrelenting mass effect that necessitates craniotomy.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 36 patients will be accrued for this study within 7.2 months.

Interventional
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Melanoma (Skin)
  • Metastatic Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Sarcoma
Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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September 2004   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, or sarcoma with 1-3 newly diagnosed intraparenchymal brain metastases based on contrast-enhanced MRI (CT scan acceptable if patients have a medical contraindication to MRI)
  • No lesion greater than 4.0 cm in diameter and, if multiple lesions are present, no more than one greater than 3.0 cm in diameter
  • No limitation on the extent of extracranial metastatic disease
  • No metastases in the brain stem, midbrain, pons, or medulla
  • No leptomeningeal metastases documented by MRI or CSF evaluation
  • No metastases within 10 mm of optic nerve or chiasm
  • No history of multiple liver metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • At least 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 50,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No major medical illness
  • No psychoses
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • Prior chemotherapy allowed
  • Systemic chemotherapy may be continued at the discretion of investigator after completion of radiosurgery

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior cranial radiotherapy
  • Prior or concurrent radiotherapy to noncranial sites allowed

Surgery:

  • No prior surgical resection for brain metastases
  • Prior stereotactic biopsy for diagnostic purposes allowed
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Australia,   Peru,   Puerto Rico,   United States
 
 
NCT00003308
CDR0000066255
E-6397
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Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Minesh P. Mehta, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP