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Antifungal Therapy for Fever and Neutropenia in Patients Receiving Treatment for Hematologic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002742
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 1, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 24, 2004
Last Update Posted Date March 26, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 1996
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002742 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Antifungal Therapy for Fever and Neutropenia in Patients Receiving Treatment for Hematologic Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, COMPARATIVE, MULTICENTER STUDY TO EVALUATE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF NYSTATIN AND AMPHOTERICIN B FOR EMPIRIC ANTIFUNGAL TREATMENT IN NEUTROPENIC PATIENTS
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Antifungal therapy with liposomal nystatin may reduce fever and neutropenia in patients undergoing treatment for hematologic cancer. It is not yet known whether liposomal nystatin is more effective than standard amphotericin B in treating patients with fever and neutropenia who are receiving chemotherapy for hematologic cancer or bone marrow transplantation for leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of liposomal nystatin compared with standard amphotericin B to treat fever and neutropenia in patients receiving chemotherapy for hematologic cancer or bone marrow transplantation for leukemia.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of liposomal nystatin vs standard amphotericin B for the empiric treatment of persistent febrile neutropenic patients. II. Compare the incidence of drug-related toxicity or impairment and infusion-related toxicity in patients treated with liposomal nystatin vs standard amphotericin B. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of liposomal nystatin.

OUTLINE: Randomized, double-blind study. Arm I: Antifungal Therapy. Liposomal Nystatin. Arm II: Antifungal Therapy. Amphotericin B, NSC-527017.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 350 evaluable patients will be studied in this multicenter trial.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Condition  ICMJE
  • Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
  • Infection
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: amphotericin B deoxycholate
  • Drug: nystatin
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2007
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Persistent febrile neutropenia associated with 1 of the following within 3 months prior to entry: Cytotoxic chemotherapy Bone marrow transplantation Neutropenia defined as either: ANC no greater than 500/mm3 ANC no greater than 1,000/mm3 and expected to decrease to 500/mm3 or less within 2 days after entry Persistent continuous or spiking fever of at least 38 C No association with administration of pyrogenic substances No response to at least 72 hours of empiric, broad-spectrum antibacterial therapy No microbiologically documented source of infection At least 30 days since documented invasive fungal infection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 2 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: At least 28 days Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: No grade 2 or greater hepatic impairment Renal: No grade 2 or greater renal impairment No peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis Other: No history of severe allergic reaction to polyene antifungal agent No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women Effective contraception required of fertile women during and for 3 months after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: At least 2 weeks since polyene antifungal therapy Concurrent oral prophylactic antifungal therapy with an azole antifungal agent (e.g., fluconazole, itraconazole) allowed if patient remains febrile No concurrent azole therapy At least 30 days since other investigational drug or device except investigational formulation of amphotericin B

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00002742
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CDR0000064660
AR-95-41.356-006
NCI-V96-0845
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Aronex Pharmaceuticals
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: David S. Gordon, MD Aronex Pharmaceuticals
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date July 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP