We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
IMPORTANT: Due to the lapse in government funding, the information on this web site may not be up to date, transactions submitted via the web site may not be processed, and the agency may not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted. Updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at opm.gov.

Talc in Treating Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002622
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

November 1, 1999
August 31, 2004
June 28, 2016
December 1994
March 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Successful pleurodesis [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
  • Cost and cost effectiveness [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    cost and cost effectiveness of treating malignant pleural effusions
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002622 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Time to recurrence of effusion [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Complications and toxicity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Talc in Treating Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion
Sclerosis of Pleural Effusions by Talc Thoracoscopy Versus Talc Slurry: A Phase III Study

RATIONALE: Talc may relieve malignant pleural effusion. It is not yet known whether wet talc is more effective than dry talc in treating patients with malignant pleural effusion.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of wet talc with dry talc in treating patients with malignant pleural effusion.

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the proportion of patients with successful pleurodesis at 30 days following treatment for malignant pleural effusion (MPE) by talc slurry via chest tube vs thoracoscopic talc insufflation. II. Compare the cost and cost effectiveness of both treatments for MPE. III. Compare the time to recurrence of effusion, duration of chest tube drainage after sclerosis, extent of postinstillation complications and toxicities, and the ability to re-expand the lung in patients randomized to these 2 treatments. IV. Evaluate the quality of life and pain experienced by patients during both treatments.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to participating institution. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients undergo pleurodesis. A chest tube is inserted, the pleural fluid is drained for 24 hours, and the lung is re-expanded to at least 90% of full expansion. Within 24-36 hours patients undergo sclerosis with talc slurry injected into the chest tube, which is then clamped. Patients are rotated in all possible directions, holding each position for about 30 minutes. After 2 hours the chest tube is unclamped and reattached to suction drainage, which is strictly measured for 24-hour totals. Following a decrease in drainage to no more than 150 ml/24 hours (usually by the second or third day postsclerosis), the chest tube is removed. Arm II: Patients receive thoracoscopic insufflation. The chest is explored thoracoscopically via single or multiple incisions using direct or videothoracoscopic visualization, and the lung is re-expanded to 90% of full expansion. Dry talc is pneumatically insufflated into the chest, with complete dispersion throughout the hemithorax. Following insufflation, the chest is drained via a chest tube, which is removed when the drainage is no more than 150 ml/24 hours (usually by day 2 or 3 following insufflation). Patients are removed from study for disease progression or an unsuccessful lung re-expansion. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months for relapse and survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 500 patients will be accrued for this study over 28 months.

Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Metastatic Cancer
  • Drug: talc
    4 to 5 grams talc in 100 cc saline via chest tube at bedside, one time
  • Drug: Talc
    4 to 5 grams talc via insufflation through direct or video thoracoscopy, one time
  • Active Comparator: Talc slurry via chest tube
    talc slurry via chest tube
    Intervention: Drug: talc
  • Active Comparator: Talc via insufflation
    4 to 5 grams talc via insufflation through direct or videoscopic thoracoscopy, one time
    Intervention: Drug: Talc

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
January 2006
March 2005   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Unilateral malignant pleural effusion requiring sclerosis (as judged by the attending surgeon) At least 3 months since treatment of contralateral effusion No chylous effusion

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: More than 2 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: Able to undergo thoracoscopy under general or local anesthesia (as determined by the attending surgeon) Not pregnant Tests and observations must be completed within 1 week prior to randomization (chest x-ray within 1 week prior to procedure)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior intrapleural therapy No systemic therapy within 2 weeks prior to randomization or 2 weeks post pleurodesis Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No new systemic chemotherapy for 2 weeks prior to and at least 2 weeks after pleurodesis Endocrine therapy: No new hormonal therapy for 2 weeks prior to and at least 2 weeks after pleurodesis No concurrent steroids used as antiemetics Radiotherapy: Prior radiotherapy allowed No radiotherapy to entire hemithorax Palliative irradiation of symptomatic bone lesions allowed on the affected side if field does not include a significant portion of pleura Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada,   United States
U10CA031946 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000063982 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Physician Desk Reference )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  • Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
  • North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Study Chair: Jemi Olak, MD Kern Medical Center
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
June 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP