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Combination Chemotherapy and Interferon Alfa With or Without Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002599
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 1, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 21, 2004
Last Update Posted Date December 19, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 1994
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002599 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Combination Chemotherapy and Interferon Alfa With or Without Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Myeloma
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation with chemotherapy may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known whether a more intensive chemotherapy regimen plus stem cell or bone marrow transplant is more effective than standard chemotherapy in treating patients with myeloma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two different regimens of combination chemotherapy plus interferon alfa with or without high dose melphalan or bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients with previously untreated myeloma.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival of patients under age 65 with myeloma treated with standard ABCM (doxorubicin, carmustine, cyclophosphamide, melphalan) vs. intensive C-VAMP (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, methylprednisolone) followed by high-dose melphalan (with or without total-body irradiation) with bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell support, both with IFN-A maintenance. II. Compare the toxicity profiles of the 2 treatment arms. III. Compare the 2 treatment arms with respect to quality of life and health economics issues. IV. Investigate cellular changes by means of linked morphology, phenotype, and cytogenetics studies before and after treatment and at relapse.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. The following acronyms are used: ABM Autologous Bone Marrow BCNU Carmustine, NSC-409962 CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271 DOX Doxorubicin, NSC-123127 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629 GM-CSF Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (source not specified) IFN-A Interferon alpha (Hoffmann-La Roche), NSC-367982 L-PAM Melphalan, NSC-8806 MePRDL Methylprednisolone, NSC-19987 PBSC Peripheral Blood Stem Cells PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023 TBI Total-Body Irradiation VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574 ARM I. Induction: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy or, as indicated, 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. ABCM: DOX; BCNU; CTX; L-PAM; or, if pretreatment ANC and platelets are less than 1,300 and 75,000, CTX; PRED. Maintenance: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A. ARM II. Induction: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Hematopoietic Stimulation. C-VAMP: DOX; VCR; MePRDL; CTX; followed by CTX; G-CSF or GM-CSF. Consolidation: 3-Drug Combination Chemoablation with or without Radioablation followed by Hematopoietic Rescue. CTX; L-PAM; MePRDL; with or without TBI using megavoltage equipment (linear accelerator preferred); followed by ABM and/or PBSC. Maintenance: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 750 patients will be accrued.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: filgrastim
  • Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
  • Biological: sargramostim
  • Drug: carmustine
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Drug: melphalan
  • Drug: methylprednisolone
  • Drug: prednisone
  • Drug: vincristine sulfate
  • Radiation: low-LET cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy
  • Radiation: low-LET photon therapy
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February¬†20,¬†2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Definite myeloma requiring chemotherapy and fulfilling at least 2 of the following criteria: Neoplastic plasma cell infiltrate and/or microplasmacytomas on bone marrow aspiration and/or trephine Paraprotein in blood and/or urine Definite lytic bone lesions (not simply osteoporosis) No equivocal myeloma (such patients should be registered with the Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Under 65 Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: (following rehydration and treatment for infection, if necessary) ANC at least 1,000 Platelets at least 50,000 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Renal insufficiency does not necessarily exclude (dose reduction may be applicable) Cardiovascular: No severe cardiac disease Past history of ischemic heart disease may exclude at the discretion of the investigator Pulmonary: No severe respiratory illness Other: Ability to tolerate at least 3 liters/day of fluid No life-threatening disease unrelated to myeloma Prior or concurrent psychiatric disorder may exclude at the discretion of the investigator No prior malignancy except: Nonmelanomatous skin tumors In situ carcinomas

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy other than minimal local radiotherapy for relief of bone pain

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE up to 64 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00002599
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CDR0000063834
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Medical Research Council
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: J. A. Child, MD Leeds General Infirmary
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date May 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP