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Treatment of AIDS and AIDS Related Complex. Part-1- Treatment of Patients With ARC (AZT Vs. Placebo)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002063
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2005
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
November 2, 1999
August 31, 2001
December 9, 2005
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No Changes Posted
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Treatment of AIDS and AIDS Related Complex. Part-1- Treatment of Patients With ARC (AZT Vs. Placebo)
Treatment of AIDS and AIDS Related Complex. Part-1- Treatment of Patients With ARC (AZT Vs. Placebo)
Primary: To determine the clinical effect of zidovudine (AZT) compared to placebo in terms of time to progression to AIDS (i.e., occurrence of major opportunistic infections, dementia, and malignancies) or death. Initial drug assignment will be changed to open-label AZT for patients who experience a sustained decline in CD4 lymphocyte concentration to less than 200 cells/mm3, but analysis will be based on initial treatment assignment. To determine the immunologic effect of AZT compared to placebo in terms of time to drop in CD4 lymphocyte concentration of at least 25 percent from baseline assessment. To determine the antiviral effect of AZT compared to placebo in eradicating or suppressing HIV. Secondary: To determine the effect of AZT compared to placebo on the immune status of HIV-infected patients by comparing lymphocyte profiles and indices. To determine the long-term toxicities of AZT compared to placebo in terms of abnormalities in BL, hepatic function, renal function, skin, gastrointestinal system, and central nervous system. To describe the natural history of AIDS related complex (ARC) in placebo patients in terms of initial CD4 lymphocyte concentration and the Walter Reed staging system.
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Interventional
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Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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Inclusion Criteria

Patient must have AIDS related complex (ARC) as defined by Walter Reed stages, be ambulatory, and be able to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with unstable disease characterized by the following are excluded:

  • Hospitalization within the past 14 days.
  • Major opportunistic infection, current or past.
  • An active infection of onset during the past 30 days, as evidenced by symptoms, signs, or laboratory abnormalities such as:
  • Temperature = or > 100.5 degrees F.
  • Night sweats.
  • Weight loss = or > 10 percent of body weight.
  • Diarrhea (3 or more bowel movements/day).
  • Persistent cough, shortness of breath, or dyspnea on exercise.
  • Abnormal chest x-ray suggesting pneumonia or increased arterial-alveolar (A-a) gradient.
  • Altered mental status, seizures, or focal neurologic signs.
  • Abnormal computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggestive of toxoplasmosis, peripheral mononuclear leukocytes, lymphoma, or other focal abnormality of the central nervous system (CNS).
  • Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) suggestive of cryptococcal, mycobacterial, or other meningitis. (The decision to perform invasive tests, such as lumbar puncture, specialized microbiological tests such as bone marrow culture for Mycobacteria or Histoplasma capsulatum, or specialized radiological tests such as CT scan or MRI should be based on clinical assessment of the patient.)
  • Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Lymphoma; malignancy requiring chemotherapy.
  • Dementia.
  • Requiring hemodialysis or renal insufficiency or failure.
  • Leukopenia.
  • Thrombocytopenia.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Unstable disease.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Lymphoma; malignancy requiring chemotherapy.
  • Dementia.
  • Major opportunistic infection, current or past.
  • Anemia (hemoglobin less than 9.5 g/dl).

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 1 month of study entry:

  • Ribavirin or zidovudine (AZT) or other antivirals.
  • Immunomodulating agents.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00002063
016A
VA Study 298
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Glaxo Wellcome
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NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
January 1990

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP