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Treatment of Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia (AITP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001630
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 3, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted Date July 2, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE July 21, 1997
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Treatment of Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia (AITP)
Official Title  ICMJE High-Dose Cyclophosphamide With CD34+ Selected Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Support for Treatment of Refractory Chronic Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia
Brief Summary

Platelets are particles found along with red and white blood cells in the blood that play a role in the process of blood clotting. Disorders affecting the platelets can lower the amount of platelets in the blood and put patients at risk of bleeding. The condition of low platelets is referred to as thrombocytopenia.

Thrombocytopenia can be associated with a variety of diseases including cancer, leukemia, tuberculosis, or as a result of an autoimmune reaction. Autoimmune reactions are disorders in which the normal immune system begins attacking itself. Autoimmune thrombocytopenia (AITP) is a disorder of low blood platelet counts in which platelets are destroyed by antibodies produced by the immune system.

Unfortunately, many patients with AITP do not respond to standard treatments for thrombocytopenia. Cyclophosphamide is a drug that works to suppress the activity of the immune system. Researchers believe that combining this drug with transplanted rescued blood stem cells may provide effective treatment for AITP.

The purpose of this study is to explore the affordability and safety of this therapy for the treatment of AITP. The effectiveness of the therapy will be measured by the number of patients whose platelet levels rise greater than 100,000/m3.

If this treatment approach appears affordable, this study will form the basis for a larger study to compare alternate treatment approaches.

Detailed Description

Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia (AITP) is a disorder of low blood platelet counts in which platelet destruction is caused by antiplatelet autoantibodies. A large proportion of patients with chronic AITP are refractory to standard therapies including corticosteroids, immune globulin and splenectomy. Cyclophosphamide is a cytotoxic immunosuppressive agent which may induce durable remissions of refractory autoimmune diseases. High-dose cyclophosphamide with peripheral blood stem cell (PBPC) rescue has been proposed as a potential definitive therapy for AITP; however, the infusion of autoreactive lymphocytes could result in relapse. The use of PBPC depleted of T-lymphocytes could circumvent this limitation.

The purpose of this phase I/II study is to explore the feasibility and safety of this approach, and to seek preliminary evidence of effectiveness, of using high-dose cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg/day x 4) followed by infusion of autologous PBPC enriched for CD34+ cells (concomitantly depleted of CD3+ cells) for the treatment of patients with refractory AITP. Safety/feasibility parameters to be examined will include the ability to mobilize, harvest and purify sufficient PBPC to yield greater than 2 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg; symptomatic acceptability and hematologic toxicities of the mobilization regimen (filgrastim 10 micrograms/kg/day IV); tolerability of the leukapheresis procedure, including the central line placement and maintenance; depth and duration of blood cell nadirs following chemotherapy; peritransplant bleeding episodes and transfusion requirements; episodes of febrile neutropenia, culture-proven infections and antibiotic usage. Effectiveness will be gauged by the rapidity and number of patients to achieve complete remission (platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3) and partial remission (platelet count greater than 50,000/mm(3) or doubling of the platelet count with resolution of bleeding episodes). Ancillary evidence of therapeutic effect will be sought by examining changes in titers of platelet surface glycoprotein antibodies. In addition, alterations in T-lymphocyte subsets will be examined by flow cytometry. If this treatment approach appears feasible, this study will form the basis for a larger trial to compare alternate treatment approaches.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
Intervention  ICMJE Device: Isolex 300i
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 25, 2009)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 11, 2009
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Male or female, ages 18-65 years old.

Refractory severe chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenia, with or without autoimmune hemolytic anemia (Evan's syndrome), with all the following:

  1. Platelet count frequently below 20,000/mm(3) despite active

    treatment for a period of greater than 6 months.

  2. Normal or increased megakaryocytes on bone marrow


  3. No plausible alternative etiology such as drug-mediated

    thrombocytopenia, marrow failure syndrome or thrombocytopenia

    related to viral or bacterial infection.

  4. Failure of treatment with:

i. conventional-dose steroids (e.g., prednisone or dosage of 40

mg/day or equivalent, followed by dosage taper) for at least 3


ii. intravenous immunoglobulin.

iii. splenectomy.

e. Episodic bleeding requiring transfusions or ecchymoses interfering

with ordinary daily activities.


ECOG performance status greater than 1.

Cardiopulmonary disease including:

  1. History of coronary artery disease, angina pectoris or congestive heart failure.
  2. LV ejection fraction less than 40 percent by 2D echocardiogram.

Renal disease, serum creatinine greater than 2.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min.

Significant hepatic dysfunction, bilirubin greater than 2 mg/dL or transaminases greater than 2 times UNL.

Uncorrected coagulopathy.

Bone marrow aplasia (cellularity less than 10 percent), single or multilineage hematopoietic failure, myelodysplastic syndrome, or extensive marrow fibrosis.

History or active diagnosis of malignancy (except treated non-melanoma skin cancer or cevical carcinoma in situ).

HIV positive.

Pregnancy or lactation, unwillingness to practice adequate birth control in the peritransplant period.

Psychiatric illness or mental incapacity to understand and give informed consent.

Other medical illness or condition which, in the opinion of the Investigators, may contraindicate participation in this study due to patients' risk or compromise of study integrity.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00001630
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 970154
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date March 21, 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP