Role of Genetic Factors in the Development of Lung Disease
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001532|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2018
|First Submitted Date||November 3, 1999|
|First Posted Date||November 4, 1999|
|Last Update Posted Date||September 18, 2018|
|Study Start Date||June 6, 1996|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures
||Evaluating the role of hereditary factor [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
distribution of genetic variants of nitric oxide synthases and other candidate genes involved in pulmonary function
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001532 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Role of Genetic Factors in the Development of Lung Disease|
|Official Title||Role of Genetic Factors in the Pathogenesis of Lung Disease|
This study is designed to evaluate the genetics involved in the development of lung disease by surveying genes involved in the process of breathing and examining the genes in lung cells of patients with lung disease.
The study will focus on defining the distribution of abnormal genes responsible for processes directly involved in different diseases affecting the lungs of patients and healthy volunteers.
Optional CT Sub-study
The standard CT scan will be compared to the low dose radiation CT scan for the 150 subjects enrolled in the sub-study to assess the variation between the two techniques. Specifically, the quantitative computer aided detection of lung CT abnormalities from LAM can be compared to assess whether low radiation dose CT exams is an alternative to conventional CT to monitor disease
This optional sub-study will be offered to up to 100 adult subjects with lung disease and up to 50 children age 9 and older with CF. Children will not be enrolled in the optional CT sub-study unless they have had a standard CT scan for medical purposes to use in comparison. One additional low dose radiation CT scan of the chest may be done as part of this sub-study when these subjects have their next annual CT scan.
|Detailed Description||This study is designed to evaluate genetic mechanisms of lung disease by surveying polymorphic genes involved in respiratory function and examining gene expression in the lung cells of individuals with pulmonary disease (e.g., alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, sarcoidosis, history of infection, and genetic mutations consistent with lung pathology). Emphasis will be on defining the distribution of allelic variants of nitric oxide synthase, alpha 1-antitrypsin, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator genes in patients and in age- and sex-matched healthy individuals in a control population.|
|Study Design||Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
|Study Population||individuals with pulmonary disease (e.g., alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, sarcoidosis, history of infection, and genetic mutations consistent with lung pathology)|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Study Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
Inclusion criteria for patients with AAT deficiency include: (1) Diagnosis of AAT with a confirmed phenotype considered in the high risk category; (2) Clinical phenotype consistent with potential genetic diseases and other genetic causes of lung diseases (3) symptoms consistent with pulmonary disease; (4) chest x-ray consistent with pulmonary disease; (5) pulmonary function tests consistent with pulmonary disease; (6) smokers, defined as individuals who are current smokers (1 pack per day for at least 2 years) and nonsmokers, defined as never-smokers or ex-smokers who have quit smoking three or more years ago;
Inclusion criteria for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases include:
Inclusion criteria for patients with cystic fibrosis include a defined genetic mutation (i.e., any of the known variants of the CFTR gene, such as delta F508 allele) or a cystic fibrosis phenotype and clinical features consistent with this disease. Children with cystic fibrosis over eight years of age may be included.
Patients with established diagnoses of sarcoidosis; mycobacterial infections; TSC (definite or possible); cystic lung diseases including genetic diseases; lymphangioleiomyomatosis or diseases associated with lymphatic disorders; history of pneumothorax; pulmonary fibrosis; asthma; histiocytosis X and diabetes mellitus will be included in this protocol. Relatives of patients may also be seen under this protocol. Children with lymphangiomatosis who are two years of age or older may be included.
Research volunteers in the pulmonary control group are defined as individuals with no pulmonary disease (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis without evidence of pulmonary disease). Research volunteers in the diabetes control group are defined as individuals with no history of diabetes, coronary artery disease, or pulmonary disease.
Because radiation exposure is not required, pregnant women are not excluded from the study.
Patients with abnormalities in ADP-ribosyltransferases, ADP-ribosyl-acceptor hydrolases, and their substrates. Children who are two years of age or older may be studied if they have a known defect in ADP-ribosylation, or if they have a family member with a defect in ADP-ribosylation and may be affected.
Exclusion criteria for all participants include:
An exclusion criteria for participating in the x-ray portion of the study is pregnancy.
Exclusion criteria for participating in the bronchoscopy portion of the study are:
|Ages||2 Years to 90 Years (Child, Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||960100
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )|
|Study Sponsor||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||September 11, 2018|